Learn Research Skills

Learn Research Skills

The Learn Research Skills page lists learning resources related to developing self-directed research skills.

►To have a resource added to this listing, please contact us.

Grant-writing tips are provided on our Resources page.

►Related podcasts, webcasts and webinars are available at the Online Seminars page.

►BC's health authorities' research departments also host websites with research skill development resources - visit the links.

Research, Quality Improvement, Program Evaluation, and Evidence-based (or Evidence-informed) Practice are different. Some resources that explain these differences are available here:


►To navigate this page:

Use the Type drop down box to filter the listing to those of specific interest to you. Click 'Apply' to filter results.

Or use your browser to search the Research Skills page for you!

- For PC users: Click the Ctrl button at the same time as the F key to launch the search function. Type in the word you're looking for, then click your browser's Next arrow.

- For Mac users: Click at the same time the Command and F key to find text.


Share this page:

Titlesort icon Type Details
Visualizing descriptive statistics with dot plots Knowledge Translation Article

My name is Angie Ficek and I am a Program Evaluator at Professional Data Analysts, Inc. (PDA), a small firm in Minneapolis, MN that specializes in public health evaluation. It wasn’t too long ago that I was reviewing a co-worker’s report and came across a bunch of tables of descriptive statistics like the one below. I couldn’t help but think, “There has got to be a better way to visualize these!” - See more at: http://aea365.org/blog/angie-ficek-on-visualizing-descriptive-statistics...

10 Chrome extensions to help manage references, notes, citations and capture information. Research Skills Tool

Not everyone uses Google Chrome as their browser of choice, some can’t install it, others can’t get on with it and there are probably a few who still do not realise it exists. Whilst Chrome has a wealth of good reasons why you should use it, from syncing your accounts across devices to its search functionality; there are other reasons why you should consider Chrome. These are called extensions which you can install to improve your web experience even more. There are a growing number of useful extensions for the digital academic, of which I have picked 10 of the best below. I’ve also given the Chrome Store average review and how many copies of each extension has been installed, as a broad indicator of popularity and uptake.

10 Easy Ways to Increase Response Rates for your Online Survey Research Skills Tool

1.Target your audience.

Consider a variety of sources for possible respondents. In addition to email mailing lists, for example, consider posting your survey to newsgroups and web communities.

2. Personalize your email invitations

Emails with a personal salutation result in increased response rates of at least five percent, and sometimes much higher. Send your email to "Dear Mr. Wright" rather than "Dear Valued Alumni."

3. Keep your email invitation short

Please keep your email invitation short and simple, with just one link - the one to the survey. Please be sure to explain the following: -

  • Who you are and the purpose of your study
  • The survey's benefit to the individual as well as to your
  • Length of survey - if it is short, emphasize that. But be truthful about times - people are more likely to stick with longer surveys if they know about how much time they will take.
  • Privacy statement, if required by your organization.

4. Make your first survey page simple - let people take the survey!

Once people have decided to take your survey, they will want to get started. Studies show most people don't read extensive instructions. 

10 questions to help you make sense of qualitative research Research Skills Website

This assessment tool has been developed for those unfamiliar with qualitative research and its theoretical perspectives. This tool presents a number of questions that deal very broadly with some of the principles or assumptions that characterise qualitative research.

10 Things You Should Do In The 15 Minutes Before A Big Presentation Professional Development

In the 15 minutes before you're about to give a big, important presentation, it's too late to change the content of your speech, says Darlene Price, president, of Well Said, Inc. and author of "Well Said! Presentations and Conversations That Get Results."

Building blocks such as analyzing the audience, creating well-designed slides, and rehearsing aloud should have already been laid, says Price. "Now, the big moment has arrived, and an eager audience awaits your message."


10 tips for writing a PhD thesis Research Skills Article

Writing up a PhD can often take place in a frenzy of activity in the last few months of your degree study, after years of hard work. But there are some steps that you can take to increase your chances of success.

10 tips on how to make slides that communicate your idea, from TED’s in-house expert Knowledge Translation Article

Aaron Weyenberg is the master of slide decks. Our UX Lead creates Keynote presentations that are both slick and charming—the kind that pull you in and keep you captivated, but in an understated way that helps you focus on what’s actually being said. He does this for his own presentations and for lots of other folks in the office. Yes, his coworkers ask him to design their slides, because he’s just that good.

We asked Aaron to bottle his Keynote mojo so that others could benefit from it. Here, 10 tips for making an effective slide deck, split into two parts: the big, overarching goals, and the little tips and tricks that make your presentation sing.

101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication: How researchers are getting to grip with the myriad of new tools Research Skills Article

There has been a surge of new scholarly communication tools in recent years. But how are researchers incorporating these tools into their research workflows? Jeroen Bosman and Bianca Kramer are conducting a global survey to investigate the choices researchers are making and why. Insights from these surveys will be valuable for libraries, research support, funders, but also for researchers themselves.

11 basic Excel tricks that will change your life Research Skills Online course

Microsoft Excel is an amazing piece of software, and even regular users might not be getting as much out of it as they can. Improve your Excel efficiency and proficiency with these basic shortcuts and functions that absolutely everyone needs to know.


12 Tips for Scientists Writing for the General Public Knowledge Translation Article

It’s no secret that science has a PR problem. Scientists, it seems, are generally viewed as cold and competent but not warm and trustworthy. According to social psychologist Susan Fiske of Princeton University, a person’s perceived warmth strongly influences how much they are trusted. This presents a problem for scientists, especially in an era when funding, research impact, and science literacy rely so heavily on communicating effectively with a broader audience. Even when seeming warm and trustworthy could help their message be heard, it can be hard for scientists to shake the “cold and competent” stereotype. The authoritative and unemotional way that scientists are taught to write for journal articles is not usually appropriate when communicating with a general audience. Learning the principles of journalistic nonfiction often requires scientist authors to step away from an academic writing style that has come to feel intuitive. Nevertheless, using these styles can make the scientist’s work more relatable, memorable, and trusted.

14 Advanced Excel Tips and Tricks for Basic to Intermediate Users Research Skills Tool

Whether you’re an Excel power user or just reasonably experienced with spreadsheets, there are generally still things you can learn about Microsoft’s program, and points which can be refreshed in your memory. So, we’ve put together this compilation of 14 tips for those of you using Excel 2010, going over some important features – and making sure you’re making the most of them. Also, some of these tips cover essential Intermediate to Advanced-level skills that you should know no matter what version of Excel you use.

14 Tips for Better Presentation Slides Knowledge Translation Tool

Your slides will make or break your presentation. An effective slide deck not only makes your talk easier to follow and comprehend, but it can also boost your credibility and leave your audience with a big smile on its face.

I saw dozens of dozens of presentations last week at PubCon Las Vegas, a web marketing conference focusing on search and social media. In addition to all the amazing insights I picked up, I also learned a lot about what makes a good (and bad!) set of presentation slides.

2015 Poster Presentations - American Nursing Informatics Association Knowledge Translation Article

To view the poster presentations in Adobe Acrobat, click on the title of the poster you wish to view. Poster presentations will remain available online for 1 year after the conference.

2845 ways to spin the Risk Knowledge Translation Tool

In the animation below we show how risks can be ‘spun’ to look bigger or smaller, how medical treatments can be made to seem useless or to be wonder cures, and how lifestyle changes might look worthwhile or not worth bothering with. All by changing the words used, the way the numbers are expressed, and the particular graphics chosen.

3 Rules of Academic Blogging Knowledge Translation Article

A long, long time ago (in Internet years), maybe as far back as 2004, I began to think about starting a blog. I was angry at how the media consistently failed to engage with history in news stories, and I thought I could write lively commentaries on the historical contexts of modern issues. My friend Karen said I should call it "How Did We Get Into This Mess?"

Alas, I was busy. Instead of blogging, I wrote a dissertation. Then I lucked into two peak years of job openings for medieval historians. I landed a position, became a father, chased tenure, and totally missed the Golden Age of Blogging. Social media and Tumblr gradually eroded the ubiquity of blogs, and many Internet writers either drifted away to focus on their Twitter accounts, stopped doing informal self-published public writing, or began to find homes on one of the proliferating number of online media sites. I thought I’d missed my blogging window.

4 Simple Ways to Make Your Reports Better Knowledge Translation Article

With a large push for better evaluation and reporting in international aid and development, more data is being collected and reported than ever. But so what? What’s the point of creating reports, and publishing data if no-one engages with the information.

5As of Healthy Pregnancy Weight Gain (Online Module) Professional Development

This is a short online continuing medical education course designed for family physicians, midwives, nurse practitioners and obstetricians offering antenatal care in Canada.

This course will introduce you to an office-based framework to help you discuss and manage gestational weight gain with your patients.

7 Characteristics of Critical Thinking Research Skills Article

In the past week or so, I have received two different continuing education unit (CEU) offers focused on critical thinking in nursing. This got me thinking (critically), "what's going on here?" So, I surfed the Internet using critical thinking as my search term, and I was overwhelmed. I found images and graphs and a You Tube video and websites and studies; clearly critical thinking is the latest trend.

For nurses, this is not a new trend. Without even being aware of it, half the time, nurses critically think their way through every day. The thinking process that guides nursing practice must be organized, purposeful and disciplined because nursing decisions often profoundly affect their patients' lives.

85% of Health Research is Wasted: How to do great research, get it published, and improve health outcomes Knowledge Translation Article

Trish Groves reflects on the scandal of waste, error, and misconduct in clinical and public health research and describes a new effort to tackle research and publication integrity from both ends. This challenge matters everywhere, but it’s specially urgent in low and middle income countries. The University of California, San Francisco and BMJ have teamed up to develop an eLearning programme for clinical and public health researchers called Research to Publication.

9 Tips for Effective Meetings Quality Improvement Tool

Meetings can be one of the biggest time drains for you as an individual and for a business. A meeting with 7 people all making $20 per hour costs a business $140 per hour. If it is a once-per-week meeting and there are 15 minutes wasted at each meeting, the total yearly waste comes to over $1,800. I don’t know about you, but a one hour meeting with only 15 minutes wasted is actually a pretty good meeting, in my experience. Half of a meeting being wasted is more par for the course, and entire meetings that are unproductive is fairly common.

A basic breakdown of the logic model outline with resources Program Evaluation Tool

A logic model is a great way to document the programming process—from the reasoning behind and the intended goals (theory of change) to the inputs, outputs and outcomes you expect. By using a logic model template for your programs, you can think about what you really want to put into, and get out of, your program. When your program event has ended, you can use a logic model to evaluate it—did the inputs you put into planning the event produce the outputs you expected? And did those outputs develop into longer lasting impacts?

A Brief Introduction to Probability & Statistics Research Skills Website

I’ve studied probability and statistics without experiencing them. What’s the difference? What are they trying to do?

This analogy helped:

  • Probability is starting with an animal, and figuring out what footprints it will make
  • Statistics is seeing a footprint, and guessing the animal

Probability is straightforward: you have the bear. Measure the foot size, the leg length, and you can deduce the footprints. “Oh, Mr. Bubbles weighs 400lbs and has 3-foot legs, and will make tracks like this.” More academically: “We have a fair coin. After 10 flips, here are the possible outcomes.”

Statistics is harder. We measure the footprints and have to guess what animal it could be. A bear? A human? If we get 6 heads and 4 tails, what’re the chances of a fair coin?

A Checklist for Communicating Science and Health Research to the Public Knowledge Translation Article

As science and health communicators, our main goal is to share our institutions’ wealth of science and health knowledge. We strive to make the information accessible to a broad range of people—from scientists and health professionals to health educators to patients and the general public. By pooling the experience and advice from experts in our community, we’ve started a list of strategies for communicating science and health research to the public.

A Framework to Focus Website Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

Hello! I am Carey Tisdal, Director of Tisdal Consulting in St. Louis, Missouri. I work with people who develop informal learning experiences for museum exhibitions, museum programs, documentary films, and media-based projects. Many of my projects include websites as one element of a learning system. I used the Building Informal Science Education (BISE) project as an opportunity to develop a framework to focus studies involving websites. This experience helped me improve my own practice by analyzing other evaluators’ work as well as connecting to key concepts in the website evaluation literature. I hope you find it useful, too!

I developed my website evaluation framework by analyzing 22 reports from the BISE database that were coded as “website” evaluands (i.e. the entity being evaluated). The overarching method I used to analyze the reports was Glaser & Strauss’ Grounded Theory. I then connected concepts in the program theory to literature about website evaluation. The resulting website evaluation framework uses high-level program theory to guide the identification of focus areas and questions to structure website evaluations. As illustrated in the graphic below, I organized seven of the major areas of consideration as a set of sequential, necessary steps influencing User Impacts and System Effectiveness. Read my whitepaper, “Websites: A guiding framework for focusing website evaluations,” to learn more!


A guide for using statistics for evidence based policy, 2010 Evidence-based Practice Tool

This guide provides an overview of how statistical information can be used to make well informed policy decisions. Throughout the guide references are made to other resources, relevant training courses and associated frameworks that provide more detail.

A Guide to Statistical Methods for Program Impact Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

This manual provides an overview of core statistical and econometric methods for program impact evaluation (and, more generally, causal modelling). More detailed and advanced than typical brief reviews of the subject, it also strives to be more approachable to a wider range of readers than the advanced theoretical literature on program impact evaluation estimators. It thus forms a bridge between more basic treatments of the essentials of impact evaluation methods and the more advanced discussions. It seeks to discuss impact evaluation estimators in a thorough manner that does justice to their complexity, but in a fashion that is approachable.

A nurses’ guide to the critical reading of research Knowledge Translation Tool

A sound theoretical foundation to guide practice is enhanced by the ability of nurses to critique research.  This article provides a structured route to questioning the methodology of nursing research.

Primary Argument
Nurses may find critiquing a research paper a particularly daunting experience when faced with their
first paper. Knowing what questions the nurse should be asking is perhaps difficult to determine when there may be unfamiliar research terms to grasp. Nurses may benefit from a structured approach which helps them understand the sequence of the text and the subsequent value of a research paper.

A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking Evidence-based Practice Resource

This paper presents a concise introduction to critical thinking.  It is intended as a handy tool to help anyone evaluate or develop sound reasoning and arguments.

A Tip-a-Day by and for Evaluators Program Evaluation Tool

AEA365 is sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) and is dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. Beginning on January 1, 2010, our goal is to feature a post a day from and for evaluators around the globe. - See more at: http://aea365.org/blog/about/#sthash.92Z6GTWL.dpuf

Academic and Scholar Search Engines and Sources Research Skills Website

This compilation is dedicated to the latest and most competent academic and scholar search engines and sources.

AcademyHealth's Health Services Research Methods Research Skills Website

Website dedicated to HSR includes:

Glossary, Data sources, Ethics, Privacy, Readings, and other links.

Acting as though statistical significance implies truth isn’t even approximately correct Research Skills Article

Is a P-value of 0.05 sacrosanct?

As I asked trusted sources about statistical significance, one road led clearly to Dr. Donald Berry of MD Anderson Cancer Center. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association.  If you’ve heard his name, it may have been in the context of breast cancer.  Since 1990 he has served as a faculty statistician on the Breast Cancer Committee of the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB), a national oncology group. In this role he has designed and supervised the conduct of many large U.S. intergroup trials in breast cancer.

“…statistical significance is an arcane concept. Few researchers can even repeat the definition of P value. People usually convert it to something they do understand, but the conversion—almost always an inversion—is essentially always wrong. For example: “The P value is the probability that the results could have occurred by chance alone.” This interpretation is ambiguous at best. When pressed for the meaning of “chance” and “could have occurred,” the response is usually circular or otherwise incoherent. Such incoherence is more than academic. Much of the world acts as though statistical significance implies truth, which is not even approximately correct.

Statistical significance is widely regarded to be difficult to understand, perhaps even impossible to understand. Some educators go so far as to recommend not teaching it at all.”

Administrative Data 101 Research Skills Online course

This on-line workshop explains the basics of what administrative data are, where they come from, how they can be used for research, what the data produced for a research project actually looks like and what skills are needed to work with them. It also provides an overview of the access policy/application process at Population Data BC.

Participants will gain detailed information about: working with administrative data, associated opportunities and challenges, and the resources available to help them understand and analyze the data.

Audience: Workshop content is designed for graduate students, investigators and research analysts who are currently using, or would like to use, administrative data for their research.


Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality: What Is Comparative Effectiveness Research Evidence-based Practice Resource

Comparative effectiveness research is designed to inform health-care decisions by providing evidence on the effectiveness, benefits, and harms of different treatment options. The evidence is generated from research studies that compare drugs, medical devices, tests, surgeries, or ways to deliver health care.

There are two ways that this evidence is found:

  • Researchers look at all of the available evidence about the benefits and harms of each choice for different groups of people from existing clinical trials, clinical studies, and other research. These are called research reviews, because they are systematic reviews of existing evidence.
  • Researchers conduct studies that generate new evidence of effectiveness or comparative effectiveness of a test, treatment, procedure, or health-care service.
AHRQ Training Modules for the Systematic Reviews Methods Guide Quality Improvement Tool

The EHC Program Slide Library

This collection of 27 presentations was developed for instructors needing materials to teach clinical researchers and students about the science of systematic reviews, or for EPC directors to use in mentoring and teaching new investigators to the team. The presentations and quizzes are based on the Methods Guide for Effectiveness and Comparative Effectiveness Reviews and other resources.

American Journal of Nursing Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step Evidence-based Practice Online Course

This collection of articles is from the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation's Center for the Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice. Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates the best evidence from studies and patient care data with clinician expertise and patient preferences and values. When delivered in a context of caring and in a supportive organizational culture, the highest quality of care and best patient outcomes can be achieved. The purpose of this series is to give nurses the knowledge and skills they need to implement EBP consistently, one step at a time.

This series has received the Nursing Media Award for Print from Sigma Theta Tau International Awards for Nursing Excellence.

An Introduction to Evidence-Based Public Health and A Compendium of Critical Appraisal Tools for Public Health Practice Research Skills Tool

This background paper defines and summarizes the concept of Evidence-Informed Public Health
(EIPH) recognizing that, to use evidence in public health practice and policy development, one must
first critically appraise the available research that provides the basis for that evidence. This paper addresses the need for critical appraisal of primary research studies and systematic reviews to inform effective public health practice. It also outlines a hierarchy of quality of research evidence that can be used to inform public health policy and program delivery. For that reason, this paper presents some of the more commonly used critical appraisal tools. These tools provide basic guidelines and checklists for public health professionals to evaluate the quality of research when reading the literature. Web links in the compendium that accompanies this paper will direct users to some of the most current and usable tools.

Analyse and present numerical data Research Skills Tool

This is where you'll find all our numeracy skills resources.

Analyzing Data: Functions or Pivot Tables Research Skills Tool

Today’s author, Monica Poinescu, a Software Developer in Test on the Excel team, discusses two different approaches to analyzing data in Excel.

Edit: I've attached a file at the bottom of this blog that contains spreadsheets of the examples discussed in this post.

My earlier blog on the new Excel 2007 function SUMIFS spawned a very interesting discussion (thanks to everyone who posted comments there): when trying to analyze/aggregate data in a table, how do we decide whether to use functions versus PivotTables?

This blog outlines reasons to use one option or another. 

Anatomy of a Systematic Review Research Skill

How do you know if a systematic review has been done well? First you need to know the parts that make up a systematic review; then you need to know where to focus your attention to assess the quality. This tool describes the anatomy of a systematic review so you can quickly and easily find the information you need to complete the critical appraisal process.

Appraisal of Guidelines Research & Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument Quality Improvement Tool

The purpose of the Appraisal of Guidelines Research & Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument is to provide a framework for assessing the quality of clinical practice guidelines.

The AGREE Instrument is intended to be used by the following groups:

By policy makers to help them decide which guidelines could be recommended for use in practice. In such instances, the instrument should be part of a formal assessment process.
By guideline developers to follow a structured and rigorous development methodology and as a self-assessment tool to ensure that their guidelines are sound.
By health care providers who wish to undertake their own assessment before adopting the recommendations
By educators or teachers to help enhance critical appraisal skills amongst health professionals.

Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing: A nurses’ guide to the critical reading of research Research Skills Article


A sound theoretical foundation to guide practice is enhanced by the ability of nurses to critique research.  This article provides a structured route to questioning the methodology of nursing research.

Primary Argument

Nurses may find critiquing a research paper a particularly daunting experience when faced with their
first paper. Knowing what questions the nurse should be asking is perhaps difficult to determine when there may be unfamiliar research terms to grasp. Nurses may benefit from a structured approach which helps them understand the sequence of the text and the subsequent value of a research paper.


A framework is provided within this article to assist in the analysis of a research paper in a systematic, logical order. The questions presented in the framework may lead the nurse to conclusions about the strengths and weaknesses of the research methods presented in
a research article. The framework does not intend to separate quantitative or qualitative paradigms but to assist the nurse in making broad observations about the nature of the research.

Australian National University Academic Skills & Learning Centre: Research Proposals Research Skills Article

There are various situations in which a research proposal is produced: 1) prior to enrolment (perhaps as part of an application for a scholarship and/or as an application for entry to study at a particular institution); 2) prior to beginning the research component of a degree that includes both coursework and research; 3) not long after enrolment in a research degree; and 4) at various stages in the first year or so of a research degree.

There are also various synonyms for a ‘research proposal’ produced during the course of a research degree, eg ‘position statement,’ ‘statement of intent’ or even ‘progress report.’

Automatic data tables in Excel using =countifs() and drop-down menus Research Skills Tool

Excel demonstration: Automatic data tables using =countifs() and drop-down menus

Basic Excel Business Analytics #02: Good Spreadsheet Model Design, Fixed Variable Cost Example Research Skills Online course

Learn the rules for Good Spreadsheet Model Design and see an example of how to create a good Spreadsheet Model for Fixed Cost Variable Cost Analysis

Basic Inferential Statistics: Theory and Application Research Skills Guide

The heart of statistics is inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics are typically straightforward and easy to interpret. Unlike descriptive statistics, inferential statistics are often complex and may have several different interpretations.

The goal of inferential statistics is to discover some property or general pattern about a large group by studying a smaller group of people in the hopes that the results will generalize to the larger group. For example, we may ask residents of New York City their opinion about their mayor. We would probably poll a few thousand individuals in New York City in an attempt to find out how the city as a whole views their mayor. The following section examines how this is done.

Basic Statistical Concepts for Nurses Research Skills Website

As the context of health care is changing due to the pharmaceutical services and technological advances, nurses and other health care professionals need to be prepared to respond in knowledgeable and practical ways. Health information is very often explained in statistical terms for making it concise and understandable. Statistics plays a vitally important role in the research. Statistics help to answer important research questions and it is the answers to such questions that further our understanding of the field and provide for academic study. It is required the researcher to have an understanding of what tools are suitable for a particular research study. It is essential for healthcare professionals to have a basic understanding of basic concepts of statistics as it enables them to read and evaluate reports and other literature and to take independent research investigations by selecting the most appropriate statistical test for their problems. The purpose of analyzing data in a study is to describe the data in meaningful terms.

BC Moodle Users Webinar Series:Advanced Grading Methods Knowledge Translation Tool

Rubrics have been a long-requested feature and we're pleased to be able to say that now you can design and use rubrics to grade things in Moodle. Rubrics are actually the first plugin of a new 'Advanced Grading' plugin type which provides users to come up with all kinds of similar advanced grading interfaces and integrations programmatically. Currently the rubrics only work for Assignments but will be extended soon across all modules.

Beautiful knowledge: Complicated numbers made simple Knowledge Translation Article

When will men become extinct? Which times table sums do children find most difficult? What are the most common computer passwords?

We are bombarded daily with information, and it can be difficult for our brains to process facts and figures in bulk. But author, designer and data-journalist David McCandless has set out to make things a little easier to understand.

Take a look at some of the elegant and colourful infographics from his book Knowledge is Beautiful - and see how much you are able to absorb.

Beginner's Guide to Google Drive for Windows Tutorial 2014 Research Skills Tool

Learn how and why to use Google Drive, either online or by installing it on your Windows computer.

Benefits Evaluation Toolkit Program Evaluation Tool

Infoway works closely with our partners to assess the value of digital health projects. The evaluation allows us to understand the impact of our investments, best practices and how to improve digital health tools to improve care for Canadians.

Beyond Boring Bar Charts: How to Fool Excel into Making (Pretty Much) Any Type of Chart You Want Research Skills Online course

Tired of using the same old pie charts, bar charts, and line charts to tell your nonprofit’s story? Don’t have expensive data visualization software? Can’t afford to hire a graphic designer to transform your default Excel charts into polished masterpieces? In this 5-minute Ignite presentation at the Nonprofit Technology Conference, I showed nonprofit leaders how to transform their default Excel charts by simply leveraging a little Excel elbow grease.

Beyond Scientific Publication: Strategies for Disseminating Research Findings Knowledge Translation Tool

To be most effective, dissemination strategies must be incorporated into the earliest planning stages of a research study. In fact, the most successful dissemination processes are typically designed prior to the start of a project. In creating a dissemination plan, researchers should consider several key questions:

  • Goal: What are the goals and objectives of the dissemination effort? What impact do you hope to have?
  • Audience: Who is affected most by this research? Who would be interested in learning about the study findings? Is this of interest to a broader community?
  • Medium: What is the most effective way to reach each audience? What resources does each group typically access?
  • Execution: When should each aspect of the dissemination plan occur (e.g. at which points during the study and afterwards)? Who will be responsible for dissemination activities?
Biomedical Research Ethics and Ethics Review: Observatory on Health Research Systems Research Skills Article

This thematic report provides an overview of ethics and ethical reviews in biomedical research. The purpose of the document is to brief non-specialists on the key aspects of the evolution and current debate of biomedical research ethics and assessment of proposed research by ethics committees or review boards. The briefing highlights principle areas of consensus and tension, and outlines different approaches to the formal ethical scrutiny of proposed research. Its overarching theme and international scope complements other country-specific briefings within RAND Europe’s Health Research System Observatory. The report will be of interest to government officials dealing with biomedical research policy, medical research councils, biomedical research charities, institutions hosting biomedical research projects, researchers, and patients.

Blogging, Mobile Phones, and Public Health Podcast

In this podcast, Erin Edgerton, CDC, and Craig Lefebvre, George Washington University discuss social media, blogs, and mobile technologies and how they can be used for public health. Created: 5/15/2009 by National Center for Health Marketing (NCHM), Division of eHealth Marketing (DeHM). Date Released: 6/30/2009. Series Name: Health Marketing and Interactive Media.

British Journal of Nursing: Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research Research Skills Article

When caring for patients it is essential that nurses are using the current best practice. To determine what this is, nurses must be able to read research critically. But for many qualified and student nurses
the terminology used in research can be difficult to understand thus making critical reading even more daunting. It is imperative in nursing that care has its foundations in sound research and it is
essential that all nurses have the ability to critically appraise research to identify what is best practice. This article is a step-by step-approach to critiquing quantitative research to help nurses demystify the
process and decode the terminology.

Building Good Paragraphs Research Skills Guide

Have you ever considered why we write in paragraphs?  Understanding the point of having paragraphs will help you write better ones. 

Paragraphs form the superstructure for narrative explanations; each paragraph contains one key point that informs or persuades the reader of the central concept being conveyed in that chunk of text.

In this lecture, we’ll look at how to construct effective paragraphs to support the internal logical arguments of your scientific articles.

Building Research Competence in Nursing Through Mentoring Research Skills Online course

The purpose of this course is to explore how mentoring can be used to build research competence in nursing in various professional and geographic settings. Discrete projects, multiple mentor sources, and mutually beneficial peer relationships can enable mentoring across ones career. Psychosocial dimensions of mentoring support creative work. When scholarly productivity with funded research is the desired outcome, intense involvement of a protg with an expert researcher is essential. 

Building the foundations for improvement Quality Improvement Tool

This report looks at how five UK trusts built quality improvement capability at scale in their organisations.

The report provides an insight into how and why the trusts embarked on their improvement journeys, the impact they achieved and the challenges they encountered.

The report draws out some key lessons from the trusts’ improvement journeys which will be useful for organisations that are considering building improvement capability at scale. It also provides a useful checklist of points for organisations to consider before planning, designing and delivering an improvement capability building programme.

Canadian Common CV Tips and Tricks for CIHR Applicants Research Skills Tool

Review the tips and tricks for creating and submitting applicant CVs using the Canadian Common CV.

Webcast:  6:20 minutes

Case Mix in Action - Canadian Institute for Health Information Evidence-based Practice Resource

This video explains how CIHI’s Case Mix methodologies are used by hospitals, health regions and ministries of health to help monitor and improve the care and services provided.

Causal Loop Diagrams - Design and Applications Research Skills Article

What are Causal Loop Diagrams?

  • An important tool for representing the feedback structure of systems

They are useful for

  • Quickly capturing hypotheses about the causes of dynamics
  • Eliciting and capturing the mental models of individuals or teams
  • Communicating important feedbacks you think might be responsible for a problem
Centre for Writing - Writing Guides Research Skills Guide

The Revision Project - Students Talk About Revision addresses some of the most frequently asked questions about the revision process. Through videos and accompanying text, see the process of revision in all of its challenge, excitement, frustration, and satisfaction through the eyes of undergraduates at the University of Michigan.

Centres for Evidence-Based Health Care- Critical Appraisal Research Skills Tool

These checklists will help you work through the process of critically appraising a research paper. 

Chat live to PopData experts Research Skills Tool

New! Chat live to PopData experts

Researchers are now able to chat live, via instant messaging, to experts for answers to questions about data access and for help with methodological and project related questions.

PopData Researcher Liaisons are available from 10am to 11am, Monday to Thursday, to help with a range of issues related to data access and the request process.

The Doctor Is In! Administrative data expert, Dr Kimberlyn McGrail, of UBC's School of Population and Public Health, is available via instant messaging on Mondays from 1pm to 2pm, to assist with research project-related issues.

If you can’t connect live during IM hours, you can log in and leave a message. 

Choosing a Research Question Research Skills Tool

Following this lecture, the participants will be able to
1.  List the basic criteria in selecting the clinical research question
2.  Describe methods for developingthe question
3.  List potential sources for research questions
4.  List the categoriesof clinical research questions
5.  Outline the advantagesand disadvantages of different clinical research methods

Choosing which statistical test to use - statistics help Research Skills Article

This video summarizes seven different statistical tests and gives a process by which you can decide which test to use in different circumstances. The tests are: Test for a mean, test for a proportion, difference of proportions, difference of two means - independent samples, difference of two means - paired, chi-squared test for independence and regression

CIHR Learning Module Critical Appraisal of Intervention Studies Research Skills Online course

Estimated total time: about 5 hours

Objective: To be able to decide if an intervention study is of sufficient quality that it can be applied to your own situation. In order to do this, you will understand and be able to apply the criteria for critical appraisal of an intervention study.

Process: This module is built on a scenario that will allow you to understand and apply each criterion for critical appraisal. After having read the scenario, you will be able to follow sequentially through the questions that allow you to critique and make a decision about the use of the study.

CIHR: A Guide to Evaluation in Health Research Program Evaluation Tool

Purpose and objectives of module
The purpose of this learning module, therefore, is to build knowledge and skill in the area of evaluation of health and health research initiatives (including knowledge translation initiatives).

Objectives of the module are to:

  1. Build knowledge among both researchers and reviewers of the potential for evaluation to support evidence-informed action;
  2. Support development of appropriate evaluation plans required and/or appropriate for research funding proposals, and;
  3. Facilitate assessment of evaluation plans by peer and merit reviewers
CINAHL Research Skills Tool

CINAHL®, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, is the most comprehensive resource for nursing and allied health literature. While starting out as a single bibliographic database, CINAHL has expanded to offer four databases including two full-text versions. CINAHL is owned and operated by EBSCO Publishing, with the Cinahl editorial team continuing to work out of the offices in Glendale, California. The CINAHL databases are available on EBSCOhost®, one of the most-used research platforms available.

Cite This For Me Research Skills Tool

Automated bibliography site

CiteULike Research Skills Tool

What is CiteULike?

CiteULike is a free service to help you to store, organise and share the scholarly papers you are reading. When you see a paper on the web that interests you, you can click one button and have it added to your personal library. CiteULike automatically extracts the citation details, so there's no need to type them in yourself. It all works from within your web browser so there's no need to install any software. Because your library is stored on the server, you can access it from any computer with an Internet connection.

Why is it "social"?

You can share your library with others, and find out who is reading the same papers as you. In turn, this can help you discover literature which is relevant to your field but you may not have known about. The more people who use CiteULike, and the more they use it, the better it becomes as a resource. You can help with this process just by using CiteULike and through the invite a friend feature.

Check out InspireNet's CiteULike Library: http://www.citeulike.org/user/inspirenet

Clinical Practice Guidelines Handbook Clinical Practice Guidelines Tool

The objective of this handbook is to provide up-to-date, evidence-based, experience-driven guidance on how to use clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) most effectively to improve the care of patients.

Cochrane Centre: Understanding Evidence-based Healthcare: A Foundation for Action Evidence-based Practice Online Course

This web course has been created by the United States Cochrane Center as part of a project undertaken by Consumers United for Evidence-based Healthcare (CUE), and is designed to help consumer advocates understand the fundamentals of evidence-based healthcare concepts and skills. Registration is open and free of charge. Participants are encouraged to finish the course in three months. We recommend that participants complete only 1-2 modules at a time. Participants must commit to filling out evaluation forms upon completion of each module.

Coding in Qualitative Data Analysis Research Skills Online course

Research Methods in the Social Sciences with a particular focus on qualitative research.

Coding Part 1: Alan Bryman's 4 Stages of qualitative analysis

Coding Part 2: Thematic coding

Coding Part 3: What can codes be about

Coding Part 4: What is coding for?

Coding Part 5: The code list or code hierarchy

College Course Advice–Five Things You Should Know Before Taking Statistics 101 Research Skills Article

Of the over two million college degrees that are granted in the U.S. every year, including those earned at accredited online colleges nationwide, probably two-thirds require completion of a statistics class. That’s over a million and a half students taking Statistics 101, even more when you consider that some don’t complete the course.

Everybody who has completed high school has learned some statistics. There are good reasons for that. Your class grades were averages of scores you received for tests and other efforts. Most of your classes were graded on a curve, requiring the concepts of the Normal distribution, standard deviations, and confidence limits. Your scores on standardized tests, like the SAT, were presented in percentiles. You learned about pie and bar charts, scatter plots, and maybe other ways to display data. You might even have learned about equations for lines and some elementary curves. So by the time you got to prom, you were exposed to at least enough statistics to read USA Today.

Colorado State University: Poster Design Tips and Techniques Research Skills Article

We’ve all seen posters filled with tiny print, blurry images, and disorganized text. Does anybody read them? A good poster is a well-positioned display of text and images that communicates just the highlights of your program to a mobile audience. The primary goal of a poster is to inform, but it can also advertise or stimulate conversation about ideas and concepts. It always markets your image and the image of your colleagues and institution. Whether you are creating a poster for a scientific conference or putting one together for a community event, the basics are still the same.

A good poster:

  • Tells a story.
  • Can be read from more than 5 feet away.
  • Is interesting and eye-catching.
  • Has a simple, uncluttered design.
  • Uses clear language and images in a logical sequence.
  • Summarizes key points without excess detail.
Communication Research Methods Knowledge Translation Article

Research into intended audiences’ culture, lifestyle, behaviors and motivations, interests, and needs is a key component to a health communication program’s success. This section describes communication research methods commonly used throughout program planning. See the chart Types of Research and Evaluation for more detail about research conducted in each of the stages of health communication program planning.

Conducting a Two-Way ANOVA in SPSS Research Skills Guide

This video demonstrates how to conduct a two-way ANOVA in SPSS. Concepts such as main effects, interaction effects, post hoc tests, pairwise comparisons, Levene’s test, effect size, and statistical significance are described.

Conducting Rural Health Research, Needs Assessment, and Program Evaluation Program Evaluation Website

Rural communities and healthcare facilities have limited resources to address many health-related needs. Research and needs assessments can help determine where and how resources may best be targeted, and program evaluations can indicate whether a particular intervention or approach works well in a rural context.

Rural stakeholders who understand the purposes of conducting research, needs assessments, and program evaluations, and who have the tools to undertake such activities, will be better positioned to focus their efforts where they will have the best result.

Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research: An Introductory Look at Statistical Text Mining for Health Services Researchers Research Skills Website

Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research (CHIR) - The Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research (CHIR) is a multi-disciplinary group of collaborating investigators affiliated with VA sites from across the US. The mission of CHIR is to improve the health of Veterans through foundational and applied informatics research. The primary purpose of CHIR is to advance the effective use of unstructured text and other types of clinical data in the electronic health record using natural language processing and other cutting edge technology. This series of cyber seminars highlights the tools, methods, and results of multiple CHIR research projects. The investigators and core research staff present their work in a format suitable for researchers ranging from informatics experts to traditional clinicians

Contribution Analysis Program Evaluation Tool

Contribution Analysis is an approach for assessing causal questions and inferring causality in real-life program evaluations. It offers a step-by-step approach designed to help managers, researchers, and policymakers arrive at conclusions about the contribution their program has made (or is currently making) to particular outcomes. The essential value of contribution analysis is that it offers an approach designed to reduce uncertainty about the contribution the intervention is making to the observed results through an increased understanding of why the observed results have occurred (or not!) and the roles played by the intervention and other internal and external factors.

Crash Course in Infographics Knowledge Translation Online course

What Are Infographics?
An infographic uses visuals—sometimes supported by text—to represent information or data, often with the aim of educating or informing an audience. 

Creating Effective Online Surveys Research Skills Online course

Webcast:  Recorded presentation on Creating Effective Online Surveys 

56 minutes

Creating Filled-in Bar Charts Knowledge Translation Tool

Hello, friends! My name is Yuqi Wang, and I work at Innovation Network. I love figuring out different ways to visualize data, and I want to show you how simple it is to create one of my favorite graphs in Excel—what I like to call the “filled-in bar chart.” - See more at: http://aea365.org/blog/yuqi-wang-on-creating-filled-in-bar-charts/#sthas...

Critical Appraisal - Notes and Checklists Clinical Practice Guidelines Tool

Healthcare Improvement Scotland

Critical Appraisal of Research Evidence 101 Program Evaluation Tool

The purpose of this guide is to provide a brief overview of the critical appraisal process.  Assessing the validity of research studies can be a complex and time-consuming undertaking. If  you are conducting a lengthy evaluation, you may wish to consult more exhaustive critical appraisal resources (a list of suggested further reading has been appended to this guide).  Participation in the Skills Enhancement for Public Health program offered by the Public Health Agency of Canada is recommended prior to attempting in-depth critical appraisal.

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme Research Skills Website

Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context. CASP provides resources and learning and development opportunities to support critical appraisal skills development in the UK.

Critical Appraisal Tools Research Skills Tool

Critical appraisal is an integral process in Evidence Based Practice. Critical appraisal aims to identify methodological flaws in the literature and provide consumers of research evidence the opportunity to make informed decisions about the quality of research evidence. 

Critical appraisal: assessing research quality Research Skills Tool

One you have selected a range of journal papers and other evidence to guide your work, it is important to read through the material carefully to check that it is not only relevant to your research focus, but also trustworthy in its procedures and findings. As Rutter et al. (2010: 50) point out:

"The relevance of a study to the review topic, and the appropriateness of design to address the review question, are two aspects of quality; the integrity of the methods used in the study, and the confidence we can have in its findings, are others."

Critical Thinking and Nursing Research Skills Article

To become a professional nurse requires that you learn to think like a nurse. What makes the thinking of a nurse different from a doctor, a dentist or an engineer? It is how we view the client and the type of problems we deal with in practice when we engage in client care. To think like a nurse requires that we learn the content of nursing; the ideas, concepts and theories of nursing and develop our intellectual capacities and skills so that we become disciplined, self-directed, critical thinkers.

Critical thinking is the disciplined, intellectual process of applying skilful reasoning as a guide to belief or action (Paul, Ennis & Norris). In nursing, critical thinking for clinical decision-making is the ability to think in a systematic and logical manner with openness to question and reflect on the reasoning process used to ensure safe nursing practice and quality care (Heaslip). Critical thinking when developed in the practitioner includes adherence to intellectual standards, proficiency in using reasoning, a commitment to develop and maintain intellectual traits of the mind and habits of thought and the competent use of thinking skills and abilities for sound clinical judgments and safe decision-making.

Critical Thinking in Nurse Managers Knowledge Translation Article

THE FRONT-LINE NURSE manager plays a key role in achieving organizational goals of delivering highquality care to satisfied patients.  Creating a positive work environment that fosters staff satisfaction is required of nurse managers (McGuire & Kennerly, 2006). The nurse manager must be a transformational leader capable of influencing staff to align with organizational goals (Robbins & Davidhizar, 2007). Critical thinking skills and the inclination to engage in critical thinking are essential for the nurse manager to function as a transformational leader.

Critiquing Research Articles Research Skills Article

A critique is a systematic way of objectively reviewing a piece of resarch to highlight both its strengths and weaknesses, and its applicability to practice.  Professionals often need to be able to identify best current practice, and the ability to evaluate and use published resrach is critical in achieving this.

Data Analysis with Excel Research Skills Tool

Analyze data using Excel. Use standard deviation, make a graph with a trendline, include error bars, determine the uncertainty in the slope and y-intercept using LINEST.

8 min YouTube video

Data Visualisation Knowledge Translation Tool

A practical guide to producing effective visualisations for research communication.

Data Visualization 101: How to Design Charts and Graphs Knowledge Translation Article

Information can be visualized in a number of ways, each of which can provide a specific insight. When you start to work with your data, it’s important to identify and understand the story you are trying to tell and the relationship you are looking to show. Knowing this information will help you select the proper visualization to best deliver your message.

David Roberts on Scaling Survey Responses Knowledge Translation Tool

My name is David Roberts and I’m an independent consultant in evaluation and market research working out of Canberra, Australia. We recently had a discussion on AEA’s LinkedIn group focusing on using scales in surveys. While I am not an expert in analyzing scales here are some things I have found useful:

Rad Resource – Research from Jon Krosnick: Scroll down on the bio page from this Stanford professor to review summaries of his research on scales and to access study reports.

Hot Tip – Scaling Approach 1: One option for scaling responses is to analyze each individual’s responses and then score each response against the range of that individual’s responses. The simplest way to do so, is to treat each individual’s normal responses as varying around 0 and score accordingly. So if one person consistently rates between 4 and 5, a 4 is re-scored as -1 and a 5 is scored +1. Other responses are re-scored in terms of their distance from that individual’s median score. You can then analyze the scores for each question rather than the raw responses. It works better if you use at least a 7 point scale (Krosnik’s work suggests you should do that anyway). You can also use more sophisticated scoring methods based on range and standard deviation of the individual’s responses, but the utility of such an analysis is marginal for most applications.

Demystifying Research: Simplifying Critical Appraisal Research Skills Article


At the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • Describe the definition of evidencebased practice and the steps to integrate evidence into practice
  • Identify why evidence-based practice is important in healthcare today
  • Identify the steps to critically appraise the research evidence
Designing conference posters Knowledge Translation Tool

A large-format poster is a document that can communicate your research at a conference, and is composed of a short title, an introduction to your burning question, an overview of your novel approach, your amazing results in graphical form, some insightful discussion of aforementioned results, a listing of previously published articles that are important to your research, and some brief acknowledgement of the tremendous assistance and financial support conned from others — if all text is kept to a minimum, a person could fully read your poster in under 5 minutes (really).

Designing Qualitative Research Research Skills Article

Offering practical answers to complex questions in qualitative research design.

Providing students in applied social and behavioral science disciplines with invaluable guidance on developing and successfully defending qualitative research proposals, the Fifth Edition of this bestselling text offers expanded coverage of ethics, data analysis, and research design techniques. Authors Catherine Marshall and Gretchen B. Rossman cover distance-based research (such as email interviews); the implications of postmodern turns; integrating archival material; and creative ways of presenting the research. The authors include updates to popular features, such as vignettes that illustrate the methodological challenges today's qualitative researcher face.

New to this EditionAn entire chapter devoted to ethical issues (as well as continuous coverage throughout the book) Expanded discussions of internet ethnography, cultural studies, critical race theory, and queer theory A greatly enhanced chapter on data analysis

This book is appropriate for all graduate-level Introduction to Qualitative Methods courses in education, nursing, sociology, human services, and other related fields.

Designing Surveys Using Construct Mapping - Handout Research Skills Guide

The purpose of this session will be to review best practices in designing surveys, to introduce participants to the concept of construct mapping, and then to engage participants with applying construct mapping to their own surveys. Construct mapping provides a 1) coherent and substantive definition for the construct's content and 2) involves designing items based on an underlying, hierarchical continuum. This facilitates more precise measurement of the latent variable of interest (e.g., attitudes, beliefs). We will also provide a brief introduction to Rasch modeling and its application to developing measures.

Develop Programme Theory/Logic Model Knowledge Translation Tool

A logic model demonstrates how an intervention (a project, a programme, a policy, a strategy) is understood to contribute to possible or actual impacts.  It can include positive impacts (which are beneficial) and negative impacts (which are detrimental).

A logic model shows how programme activities are understood to contribute to a series of intermediate outcomes that then produce the intended long-term impacts. Logic models can also identify other influences on these outcomes and impacts, and can also be drawn to show possible negative outcomes.

Although different labels are used— including logic model, programme logic, programme theory, theory of change, causal model, results chain, and intervention logic  -  and there are differences in how logic models are developed and drawn, they all aim to show the logic between activities and expected results.

Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research: A User's Guide Research Skills Website

Researchers from the Effective Health Care Program’s DEcIDE Network authored this 11-chapter guide that aims to serve as a resource for researchers when developing observational comparative effectiveness research (CER) studies. The user's guide identifies best practices for designing observational CER studies and standardizes the review of study protocols with checklists in each chapter. Topics in this user's guide include developing study objectives and questions, study design, data sources, and analysis.

Developing a Research or Evaluation Question Research Skills Website

Perhaps one of the most important first steps in undertaking research is to determine a well-defined and concise research question. This document outlines a step by step approach to articulating a research question.

Developing and Testing a Tool for the Classification of Study Designs in Systematic Reviews of Interventions and Exposures Evidence-based Practice Resource

Background:  Classification of study design can help provide a common language for researchers. Within a systematic review, definition of specific study designs can help guide inclusion, assess the risk of bias, pool studies, interpret results, and grade the body of evidence. However, recent research demonstrated poor reliability for an existing classification scheme.

Objectives: To review tools used to classify study designs; to select a tool for evaluation; to develop instructions for application of the tool to intervention/exposure studies; and to test the
tool for accuracy and interrater reliability.

Development of a Framework for Knowledge Translation: Understanding User Context Research Skills Article

Key Messages
• Effective knowledge translation is not a one-way transfer of information but a dynamic process of interaction and exchange.
• Knowing how to influence knowledge users is the objective behind a framework devised by Jacobson et al. to increase the use of research.
• Understanding how to target information to this all-important audience is central to the framework and critical to the strategy of researchers and knowledge brokers hoping to effect evidence-informed decisions.

Disseminating research: Translators needed Knowledge Translation Article

The motivation to study health services is to discover things that will help improve health care. Yet most research papers are rarely read, few are cited, and very few directly influence the policy decisions that they are meant to inform. How can we — the discipline of health services research — get our data out of the journals and into the public square?

Articles in specialist journals are largely inaccessible to non-specialists, even other scientists. The field needs translators, great researcher/writers like Atul Gawande, who can take research findings and restate them in a way that connect the data to the concerns of the educated lay reader.

Distinguish between QA and research studies Research Skills Website

The REB recognizes that it is difficult to determine the difference between an internal quality assurance (QA) project versus a research project requiring ethics approval because often the methodology is the same.

DIY Media Guides Knowledge Translation Tool

Welcome to the DIY Media resource site. We hope you’ll find what you need. The resources will change, evolve and get streamlined as we develop and iterate together. Contributors to the content on this site are DIYers like you: students, staff and faculty. We create things on the UBC Wiki and pull them in here when we have something to share

Doing quicker literature reviews Knowledge Translation Article

Four ways to better exploit digital era capabilities
An elaborate literature review is an important stage in the development of almost all PhDs, and it is also a normal first step also in launching any new research project. There are two main versions.

E-Valuation: Logic Models Program Evaluation Website

Logic models (similar to program theory) are popular in evaluation. The presumption is that programs or interventions can be depicted in a linear input output schema.

This simple example can be illustrated by using this model to evaluate how an information fair on reproductive health contributes to the prevention of unwanted pregnancies.

  • The inputs are the money, labour, and facilities needed to produce the information fair.
  • The activity is organizing and presenting the information fair.
  • The output is that some people attend the info fair.
  • The outcome is that some of those who attend the info act on the information provided.
  • The impact is that unwanted pregnancies are reduced.

​The idea is that each step in this causal chain can be evaluated.

Easy-to-understand research communications for the real world Knowledge Translation Article

The Program for Readability In Science & Medicine (PRISM) was inspired by health literacy concerns in health care and health research. PRISM’s goal is to bring readability awareness and plain language training and tools to researchers nationwide. Using plain language is a proven way to help make scientific and medical information easier for study participants, patients, and the public to understand.

Providing easy-to-understand health information is a fundamental part of patient-centered research and an important ethical, compliance, and safety concern. Most institutional review boards (IRBs) now recommend or require that research consent forms and other participant materials meet a reading level target of sixth to eighth grade. 

Effective and Creative Evaluation Report Writing Program Evaluation Tool

This course focuses on the key product of an evaluation; the evaluation report. In this course, students will learn best practices for effective and creative report writing specific to evaluation reports. Learning points and practical exercises are combined to develop skills in putting together an effective and engaging evaluation report. The course is self-paced with no fixed start or finish date. Enrolments are now open and will remain open all around the year 2015 - 2016.

Eight Strategies for Research to Practice Knowledge Translation Article

An important goal of human development research is to generate evidence to guide improvements in policies and practices. Increasingly pressed to use proven approaches and to terminate strategies that do not work, development agencies look to research to better understand problems, to inform decision making and to identify effective solutions. Despite the critical role of research, a large gap often exists between the evidence and its widespread use in development programs.

eLearning for Quality Improvement: Leading Quality Improvement Quality Improvement Tool

This module is intended to help you to implement leadership for improvement. Within this module you will discover what leadership for improvement is, the differences between leading, managing and sponsoring, as well as the key attributes of leadership for improvement.

EPC Methods: An Exploration of Methods and Context for the Production of Rapid Reviews Research Skill

Objectives:  To characterize rapid reviews and similar products, to understand the context in which rapid products are produced (e.g., end-users and purposes for rapid products), to understand methodological guidance and strategies used to make products rapid and describe how these differ from systematic review (SR) procedures, and to identify empiric evidence on the impact of methodological approaches on their reliability and validity

Eval12 Session 667: The "3Rs" of Evaluation Policy Program Evaluation Tool

Efforts are currently underway in the US federal government to improve and strengthen evaluation practice and increase the use of evaluation results to inform policies and programs. However, these efforts remain unrealized, due partly to the lack of a comprehensive framework identifying the main types of evaluation policy an organization should consider. To generate a set of relevant types of evaluation policy for the US context, this study surveyed 600 members of the American Evaluation Association in 2009. Participants were asked to brainstorm examples of evaluation policy and then sort and rate them. Results were analyzed using a concept mapping technique. The end product is a "3Rs" evaluation policy inventory instrument, including step-by-step instructions for its use in organizations and a discussion of its applications in research on evaluation (policy).

Evaluating and Critiquing Nursing Research Research Skills Article


  • Research refers to a systematic inquiry that uses disciplined methods to answer questions or solve problems.
  • Research critique is careful, critical appraisal of the strength and limitations of a research study.
  • Most studies have limitations and weakness.
  • The authenticity of the research findings, need to be assessed by careful critical analysis as to broaden the understanding, determine evidence for use in practice and provide a background for conducting further study.
  • No studies are without some imperfections.
  • Research critiquing is not about finding faults in a study.
  • Research critique is a mechanism to provide feedback for improvement. (Boswell & Cannon, 2010)
Evaluating Complexity: Propositions for Improving Practice Program Evaluation Tool

This practice brief is intended to bring together knowledge about systems change, complexity, and evaluation in a way that clarifies and describes how the practice of evaluation needs to evolve to better serve the social sector.

Evaluating Impact Program Evaluation Website
A recurring theme throughout the discussions about a New Narrative for our sector is the need to highlight impact. When Canadians evaluate charities and nonprofits they often focus on financial details — which of course are important — but sometimes do so at the expense of considering an organization’s impact. During our consultations we learned that while some in the sector are expert at evaluating impact, others struggle to find the time, expertise and resources to do it well.
Evaluating Websites Research Skills Online course

Online tutorial discussing website content evaluation when performing research activities.

Evaluation Glossary Program Evaluation Tool

Have you ever found yourself confused by inconsistent or overlapping terms in evaluation? Does one funder ask for an Outcomes Measurement Framework while another wants an Evaluation Plan? What’s the difference between Outcomes and Impacts? Or would you simply like a handy reference to over 600 evaluation, program planning, and research terms and definitions?

Evaluation Glossary Program Evaluation Tool

The Evaluation Glossary App was developed by Kylie Hutchinson of Community Solutions Planning & Evaluation. It combines over 600 terms related to evaluation, program planning, and research derived from various sources. All terms are used with the permission of the publishers. Special thanks to Chris Lovato, Jessica Dunkley, Khang Tran, Michael Chung, Mark Batin, and Anderson Phan for their support. 

Evaluation Plans, Some Suggestions and Resources Program Evaluation Tool

There is no one right way to do an evaluation plan, but there are some fairly standard components to an evaluation plan. Like,

  • the purpose of the evaluation
  • program description
  • a stakeholder assessment
  • evaluation questions
  • how those questions will be answered
  • criteria and standards
  • a communication plan
  • how the evaluation will be managed ~ personnel, budget and timeline

This template from CDC is a good place to start: evaluation plan outline. And the Evaluation Toolkit created by the Pell Institute provides direction as well. But also consider whether alternative formats for evaluation plans might be more effective, like this visual evaluation plan strategy using DoView described by Paul Duigan.

Evaluation Questions Checklist for Program Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

Evaluation questions identify what aspects of a program will be investigated. They focus on the merit, worth, or significance of a program or particular aspects of a program. Unlike survey questions, they are not intended to derive single data points. Evaluation questions help to define the boundaries of an evaluation that are consistent with evaluation users’ information needs, opportunities and constraints related to data collection, and available resources.

The purpose of this checklist is to aid in developing effective and appropriate evaluation questions and in assessing the quality of existing questions. It identifies characteristics of good evaluation questions, based on the relevant literature and our own experience with evaluation design, implementation, and use. 

Evidence Based Medicine Education Center of Excellence Evidence-based Practice Resource

This site provides a collection of resources that support teaching and learning in Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) for faculty, librarians, students, and other health care professionals.

Evidence Based Medicine Toolkit Evidence-based Practice Tool

This is a collection of tools for identifying, assessing and applying relevant evidence for better health care decision-making. The appraisal tools are adapted from the Users' Guides series prepared by the Evidence Based Medicine Working Group and originally published in JAMA.

Evidence Based Nursing Evidence-based Practice Resource

Evidence based nursing, or EBN, is a form of clinical practice that relies on research findings to manage the health problems of a patient. It involves several processes that can contribute to a better understanding of a patient’s condition as well as the effectiveness of a certain treatment method. Evidence based nursing usually begins with the formulation of a question concerning a patient’s medical condition, and then, research is performed to find answers to the question. The relevancy of the research has to be proven and alternative forms of medical care have to be considered before evidence based practice is implemented.

In evidence based nursing, nurses play a more important role in the management of patients’ problems. Here is a list of websites that provide valuable information about evidence based nursing.

Evidence-Based Medicine Tutorials Evidence-based Practice Online Course

After completing these exercises you should be able to:

  1. Define a Clinical Question
  2. Translate a Clinical Question into a Searchable Question
  3. Decide on the Best Type of Study to Address the Question
  4. Perform a Literature Search in PubMed
Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing - A Guide to Successful Implementation Evidence-based Practice Resource

What to do, how to do it, and why

This guide explains everything you need to know to successfully implement evidence-based practice (EBP). Carefully progressing from the fundamental facts to full application, the book tells you exactly what EBP is, and describes how to:

  • Create a culture of EBP
  • Use journal clubs
  • Answer questions with nursing research
  • Relate EBP and nursing research to your journey to designation

Build your confidence as you increase your knowledge

Making the transition to EBP requires learning new skills and using a different process for clinical decision making. To smooth and speed your progress, this extremely practical reference includes:

  • Case studies that reveal the real-life consequences, so you can learn from the successes of your colleagues
  • Exercises to familiarize you with EBP and give you a preview of practice
  • Helpful checklists to reinforce the text
  • Examples from practice to help you implement EBP in your own facility

Improve outcomes, patient care, and satisfaction

A successful EBP program brings benefits for you, your patients, and your facility. Whether you are new to nursing or an experienced clinician who just needs to master EBP, this guide will give you the answers to all your questions.

Evidence-Based Practice Lecture Evidence-based Practice Online Course

Learning Objectives:

- To understand the concept of Evidence-based practice
- To understand the importance of evidence-based practice in the clinical setting

Performance Objectives:

- Differentiate between the concepts of quality improvement, performance improvement, research utilization, and evidence-based practice.
- Describe how Evidence-based practice can be used to improve clinical practice.
- Identify process for implementation of evidence-based practice within a clinical setting.

Evidence-Informed Public Health: Search: Efficiently search for research evidence Evidence-based Practice Tool

A clearly defined question or problem is the starting point for an effective literature search. This step of the EIPH process helps you answer the question:

“Where should I look to find the best available research evidence to address the issue?”

Your search strategy should aim to locate the strongest quality and most relevant evidence first. When searching for quantitative evidence (e.g., effectiveness of an intervention, health effects, cost effectiveness, etc.) some study designs are considered stronger than others. It is important that the research design is the most appropriate to answer the question being asked.

Excel 2013 PivotTables & Charts for Descriptive Statistics From Raw Data Sets Research Skills Online course

Using Excel 2013 see how to create tabular and graphical summaries of Categorical and Quantitative data For Highline Math 146 Statistics Class:

Excel 2013 Statistical Analysis #72: Chi-Square Test For 2 or More Population Proportions (Formulas) Research Skills Online course

Topics in this video:

  1. Introduction to “Hypothesis Test to check Equality of 2 or more Population Proportions using Chi-Square” with Example of check the error rates between 4 populations.
  2. Introduction to Chi-Square Distribution
  3. Continue example of using Chi-Square Hypothesis Test to check the error rates between 4 populations, where each population is a different year and each proportion represents error rate for data entry.
  4. 5 Steps for Chi-Square Hypothesis Test to check Equality of four Population Proportions, including examples of all formulas and Excel functions in the hand drawn pdf file.
  5. Excel Example of Chi-Square Hypothesis Test to check the error rates between 4 populations, where each population is a different year and each proportion represents error rate for data entry. Examples of all formulas and Built-in Functions
  6. Formula for Cross Tabulated “Observed Frequencies” Table using COUNTIFS function, Column References and Mixed Cell References with the Column Locked (Absolute).
  7. Calculate Sample Proportions (Pbar1, Pbar2, Pbar3, Pbar4) in a cross tabulated table using Mixed Cell References with the Row Locked (Absolute).
  8. Formula for Cross Tabulated “Expected Frequencies” using Relative, Absolute, and Mixed Cell references.
  9. Long Method with Step by Step Cross Tabulated Tables for calculating Chi-Square Test Statistic.
  10. Short method to calculated Final Chi-Square Test Statistic using array calculations and the SUMPRODUCT function.
  11. Calculate p-value using CHISQ.INV.RT Function
  12. Calculate Critical Value (Hurdle) using CHISQ.INV.RT
  13. Calculate p-value from Observed Frequency Table and Expected Frequency Table using CHISQ.TEST function
Excel Magic Trick 1149: Dynamically Sum by Category without VLOOKUP Helper Column Research Skills Tool

Dynamically Sum Costs by Category without VLOOKUP Helper Column:

Excel Magic Trick 1153: Unique Count For Name & Date: Array Formula, 2013 PivotTable, More… Research Skills Tool

Excel Magic Trick 1153: Unique Count For Name & Date: Array Formula, 2013 PivotTable, More…

Webcast:  10 minute

Excel Magic Trick 1200: Conditional Format Grades To Assign Icons To 1 of 3 Groups (3 Methods) Research Skills Online course

See how to use Conditional Format Grades to assign Stop Light Icons to one of three groups: Green Icons, Yellow Icons and Red Icons. See three methods:

  1. Problem Setup
  2. Conditional Formatting with Icons using built in percentages
  3. Conditional Formatting with Icons using assigned numbers as dividing points to split the numbers into three groups.
  4. Conditional Formatting with Icons in cells next to grades, which will only show up after a grade in entered. See formula with IF and ISNUMBER functions.
  5. Explain Icon Three Set Percentage Algorithm
Excel Magic Trick 1212: What To Do If You Filter Data Set & Chart Disappears Research Skills Tool

See how to:

  1. Problem Setup
  2. Keyboard to highlight Columns NOT next to Each Other (Noncontiguous data)
  3. Make Line Chart for Historical Stock Price Data
  4. Filter Data Set and Chart will update to show only the filtered data
  5. What to do If Chart Disappears when you filter your data set
Excel Magic Trick 1226: Compare 2 Lists, Extract Items In List 2 That are NOT in List 1 Research Skills Online course

Learn how to Compare 2 Lists, Extract Items In List 2 That are NOT in List 1

Webcast:  22 minutes

Excel Magic Trick 1254: Lookup Item Where 2 Values Are Closest: Helper Column or Array Formula? Research Skills Tool

Learn how to create solution to lookup an item where two values are closets in value:

  1. (00:10) Problem Introduction
  2. (00:36) Helper Column Solution and two cell formulas using ABS, MIN and INDEX & MATCH functions.
  3. (03:15) Single Cell Formula using ABS, MIN and INDEX & MATCH functions, and two array operations. Learn about what an array operation and array formula is, and learn how to enter an array formula into a cell using Ctrl + Shift + Enter.
  4. (08:13) Look at list of functions that can handle array operations without any special keystrokes.
Excel VBA Introduction Research Skills Online course

Excel VBA is a powerful (and fun!) tool which allows you to automate your Excel workbooks. These videos will help you through your first steps on the way to becoming a programmer in Excel. You don't need any prior programming knowledge as we'll take things from first principles and hopefully give you a flavour of the cool things you can do with a little bit of effort! 

Excel with The Ultimate Microsoft Excel Course Research Skills Online course

This is the Ultimate Microsoft Excel Course which has over 190 short and precise tutorials. This course was created by a hand-pick of Udemy's best Excel instructors, so you are sure to benefit from their unique Excel skills.

The course covers all of Excel´s must-know features which include the Excel Ribbon, Formatting, Formulas & Functions, Excel Tables, Charts, Pivot Tables, Conditional Formatting, Macros, VBA (Visual Basic for Applications), Data Validation, Excel 2016 new features and keyboard shortcuts!

Exploring Online Research Methods Research Skills Online course

This website includes modules for self-study

  • Online questionnaires
  • Online interviews
  • Online research ethics
  • Technical guide
  • Online methodological futures


Find the right reference manager Research Skills Tool

Anyone who has worked with a lengthy document knows how essential a reference manager can be in your research and writing process.

Finding and Using Health Statistics Research Skills Online course

Health Statistics provide information for understanding, monitoring, improving and planning the use of resources to improve the lives of people, provide services and promote their well being.

This course describes the range of available health statistics, identifies their sources and helps you understand how to use information about their structure as you search.

This course links to numerous examples. Each example opens in a separate page of your browser. To return to the course close the new window -- the course window remains open and you can proceed.

Finding Qualitative Research Articles Research Skills Website

Qualitative research is defined as research that derives data from observation, interviews, or verbal interactions and focuses on the meanings and interpretations of the participants. (Holloway and Wheeler, 1995)

Strategies for Finding Qualitative Research Articles
Strategy 1: Use thesaurus terms

Databases use controlled keywords (known as thesaurus terms or subject headings) to categorize each record stored. PubMed, for example, uses Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), a highly structured thesaurus. The thesaurus terms vary for each database according to their indexing system. For example, qualitative research is indexed in PubMed as "Qualitative Research" or "Nursing Methodology Research", while in CINAHL their subject heading "Qualitative Studies" is complemented by more detailed terms, including "Phenomenological Research" and "Grounded Theory".

Strategy 2: Use Text Words

This strategy uses Text Word terms that might specifically identify qualitative research and searches the titles, abstracts and keywords of records held in the databases. Some Text Words (or keywords) include: qualitative, ethnograph*, phenomenol*, ethnonurs*, grounded theor*, purposive sample, hermeneutic*, heuristic*, semiotics, lived experience*, narrative*, life experiences, cluster sample, action research, observational method, content analysis, thematic analysis, constant comparative method, field stud*, theoretical sample, discourse analysis, focus group*, ethnological research, ethnomethodolog*, interview*.

Strategy 3: Use Qualitative Research Filters

Qualitative Research Filters are pre-formulated search strategies that have been constructed by librarians to help you retrieve articles in databases that deal with qualitative research. You can use the filter and then combine the results with your subject.


Five Steps to Research Impact Knowledge Translation Article

At York’s Knowledge Mobilization Unit we feel it is important to not only develop effective knowledge mobilization methods but to document those methods so that other knowledge mobilizers can adopt and adapt them to their own contexts. While we present these methods on our SlideShare and YouTube accounts and on our blog, we also feel it is important to document these in the peer reviewed literature for two reasons: 1) peer review is the gold standard in an academic context like ours; and 2) peer review provides an independent validation of the method.

We published our “recipe book” in Scholarly & Research Communications in 2011. This paper presented our seven institutional knowledge mobilization services. We also published our clear language writing in Scholarly & Research Communications in 2012. We published on graduate student interns in Education & Training in 2011 and on social media in a book chapter in 2012.

Focus Groups Tips for Beginners Research Skills Tool

Texas Center for Adult Literacy & Learning

In the social sciences, focus groups are a more recent development than methods of collecting data such as surveys, questionnaires, and one-on-one interviews. The aim of this paper is to provide a very brief overview of focus group method.

From research to practice: a knowledge transfer planning guide Research Skills Guide

Key Messages
• A new guide for knowledge transfer practitioners shows them how to get research into the hands of people who use it.
• The guide is organized around five key principles: determining the message; the target audience; the messenger; the transfer method; and the expected impact.
• Results are best when researchers and decision makers already have existing relationships built on ongoing exchanges of information and ideas.

Get More Out of Google Research Skills Tool

Here are some crucial tips for refining your Googling, as well as some other places to hunt down that last study you need for your thesis.

Get to Know Your Evaluation Stakeholders Program Evaluation Website

You've identified your potential stakeholders, now what?  Get their input by asking some of the following questions....

Getting Started on Your Research Research Skills Guide

When you search for information on a topic, save time and avoid frustration by planning a research strategy.

Getting started with SPSS Research Skills Article

The aim of this tutorial is to help students new to statistics and new to SPSS to learn how to get started with studying statistics using the software package SPSS. For many students statistics represent an area that they are concerned about, either because they have had little experience of statistics before, or due to concerns over the mathematics that might be involved.The aim of this tutorial is to help students new to statistics and new to SPSS to learn how to get started with studying statistics using the software package SPSS. For many students statistics represent an area that they are concerned about, either because they have had little experience of statistics before, or due to concerns over the mathematics that might be involved.

GIS and Epidemiology Research Skills Online course

This on-line workshop provides an introduction to geographic information systems (GIS) and its strengths for research into health and well-being. Participants will learn the fundamental design and construction techniques used to create linkages between tabular health databases with geographic identifiers. Valuable information pertaining to the access and availability of data for health-related research in British Columbia is also included.

Audience: Workshop content is designed for individuals working with health data that have no experience using GIS but would like to learn how it can be applied in their research.


Glossary of knowledge exchange terms as used by the Foundation Knowledge Translation Tool

The definitions presented here indicate the way in which the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation uses these terms in its work. Other organizations and individuals may define them differently.

Good science vs. bad science Knowledge Translation Article

What has been the real driver of violent crime in America? Not unemployment, or guns, or wealth disparities, or lack of access to education. According to a fascinating new Mother Jones article, it’s exposure to lead.

The piece builds a case around this thesis: “Gasoline lead is responsible for a good share of the rise and fall of violent crime over the past half century.” This isn’t totally crazy, since we know that lead is a destructive neurotoxin. But any skeptic out there would immediately wonder about the evidence behind such an encompassing claim, mainly because it rests mostly on population-level observational studies, which look at links between lead exposure in the environment and crime rates. As Dr. David Juurlink, a physician and researcher at the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, told Science-ish, while lead could be the missing element in violent crime, “Many, many other factors also could, particularly in concert. Perhaps lead is one contributing factor, but it’s an abuse of the basic tenets of epidemiology to ascribe so much of the blame to lead.”

Good science vs. bad science Evidence-based Practice Resource

What has been the real driver of violent crime in America? Not unemployment, or guns, or wealth disparities, or lack of access to education. According to a fascinating new Mother Jones article, it’s exposure to lead.

The piece builds a case around this thesis: “Gasoline lead is responsible for a good share of the rise and fall of violent crime over the past half century.” This isn’t totally crazy, since we know that lead is a destructive neurotoxin. But any skeptic out there would immediately wonder about the evidence behind such an encompassing claim, mainly because it rests mostly on population-level observational studies, which look at links between lead exposure in the environment and crime rates. As Dr. David Juurlink, a physician and researcher at the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, told Science-ish, while lead could be the missing element in violent crime, “Many, many other factors also could, particularly in concert. Perhaps lead is one contributing factor, but it’s an abuse of the basic tenets of epidemiology to ascribe so much of the blame to lead.”

Google Forms - Google Drive's Hidden Gem Research Skills Tool

Google Forms are just an amazing tool!
Free and powerful, it is ideal for anyone who needs to gather information about almost anything.
Google Forms is buried within Google Drive right beneath the word processor, spreadsheet and presentation apps.
Ideal for marketers, organizers, teachers, administrators co-ordinators and more.

Google Scholar Research Skills Tool

What is Google Scholar?
Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites. Google Scholar helps you find relevant work across the world of scholarly research.

Features of Google Scholar

  • Search diverse sources from one convenient place
  • Find articles, theses, books, abstracts or court opinions
  • Locate the complete document through your library or on the web
  • Learn about key scholarly literature in any area of research

How are documents ranked?
Google Scholar aims to rank documents the way researchers do, weighing the full text of each document, where it was published, who it was written by, as well as how often and how recently it has been cited in other scholarly literature.

Google Scholar Citations Open To All Knowledge Translation Tool

A few months ago, we introduced a limited release of Google Scholar Citations, a simple way for authors to compute their citation metrics and track them over time. Today, we’re delighted to make this service available to everyone! Click here and follow the instructions to get started.

Here’s how it works. You can quickly identify which articles are yours, by selecting one or more groups of articles that are computed statistically. Then, we collect citations to your articles, graph them over time, and compute your citation metrics - the widely used h-index; the i-10 index, which is simply the number of articles with at least ten citations; and, of course, the total number of citations to your articles. Each metric is computed over all citations and also over citations in articles published in the last five years.

Your citation metrics will update automatically as we find new citations to your articles on the web. You can also set up automated updates for the list of your articles, or you can choose to review the suggested updates. And you can, of course, manually update your profile by adding missing articles, fixing bibliographic errors, and merging duplicate entries.

Grammarly - Better Writing Made Easy Knowledge Translation Tool

Grammarly makes you a better writer by finding and correcting up to 10 times more mistakes than your word processor.

Grey Literature Web Conference Series Research Skills Online course

This three-part Web conference series provided an overview of grey literature and approaches to searching the grey literature for health services research; a consumer's guide to conducting advanced searches of grey literature; and a producer's perspective on the "searchability" of grey literature and how to effectively produce and distribute research.

Grounded Theory Research Methodology: Getting Results Research Skills Guide

Slide for a seminar on Grounded Theory Research Methodology presented by Dan Remenyi

Guide to Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Work Injuries Health & Safety Tool

If you want to find out if your workplace safety intervention program is hitting its mark, this guide is for you. Aimed at safety professionals, the guide shows how to evaluate a program’s effectiveness and presents real-life examples. The guide was produced by the Institute for Work & Health and the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating Health Information Products and Services Program Evaluation Tool

The Guide offers guidance and indicators to measure how information products and services contribute to improving health programs.

Guide to Planning and Conducting Program Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

This user-friendly guide includes checklists and templates and links to other evaluation resources. The Guide will help you to:

  • Complete a useful and credible evaluation;
  • Develop a sound description of the program, including a program logic model;
  • Develop a feasible evaluation methodology;
  • Disseminate evaluation findings;
  • Develop recommendations;
  • Follow evaluation standards upheld by the Canadian Evaluation Society.
Happy (Evaluation) Places Program Evaluation Website

Happy (Evaluation) Places is devoted to organizing my favorite evaluation websites that offer both content and resources for evaluation learning and practice.

Has Twitter transformed the PhD experience? Knowledge Translation Article

Just a few weeks after Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey sent the platform’s first tweet in March 2006, the social media network gained its first PhD student.

Indiana University computer science student Andrew Keep (@andykeep), now a software engineer at Cisco, is listed among the first 100 people to have signed up to the fledgling site, which now has 320 million monthly users.

Dr Keep is still an occasional tweeter, broadcasting his thoughts on everything from home baking and everyday irritations to computer coding formulas, much like the hundreds of thousands of PhD students to have embraced the medium since then.

But some advocates of Twitter, which celebrates its 10th anniversary on 21 March, believe its influence on PhD candidates has been more profound than just providing a way for them to let off steam or catch up with friends. For many, Twitter has transformed the PhD experience altogether, they claim.

Health Care System Evidence-based Practice Resource

In this section, you will find an overview of Canada's health care system. More detailed information is also available on specific elements of the health care system, including health human resources, primary health care, home and community care and pharmaceuticals coverage. There is also information on studies examining the health care system and links to further information.

Health Evidence - Glossary of Research Terms Research Skills Website

health-evidence.org aims to support evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) in public health organizations across Canada by providing:

  • easy access to current review-level research evidence through a searchable online registry
  • organizational assessments of readiness for using research to guide decision making
  • customized knowledge broker consultation and support for individuals, teams, and organizations to incorporate EIDM into routine organizational practices
  • professional development and education related to EIDM
  • tools to guide and support all stages of the EIDM process
Health literacy 101: The science of how to read the science Knowledge Translation Article

We’re inundated with declarations about the latest thing that’s good for us. But behind some claims are studies based on rodents, small sample sizes and shoddy science. How do we get off the wheel? Adriana Barton offers a crash course in health literacy

Health Professional Student Journal Research Skills Article

Want to get your work published? Or gain experience in the peer review process?

Supported by the College of Health Disciplines at the University of British Columbia, the Health Professional Student Journal (ISSN 2368-8645) is an online student-run journal created to foster improved teamwork, collaboration, and communication between health and human service disciplines.

Our vision is to advance the practice of healthcare in a changing world.

Our mission is to advance interprofessional education, research and knowledge exchange by engaging students to learn and work together in a non-intimidating and suppporting environment.

Health Systems Learning Finding and Using Research Evidence Evidence-based Practice Tool

Summary sheet to facilitate:  Clarifying a Problem, Framing Options, and Identifying Implementation Considerations

Health Systems Learning Finding and Using Research Evidence Evidence-based Practice Resource

Summary sheet to Clarify a problem, frame options, and identifying implementation considerations.

How Articles Get Noticed and Advance the Scientific Conversation Knowledge Translation Article

The good news is you’ve published your manuscript! The bad news? With two million other new research articles likely to be published this year, you face steep competition for readers, downloads, citations and media attention — even if only 10% of those two million papers are in your discipline.

So, how can you get your paper noticed and advance the scientific conversation? 

How Blogging Helped Me Write My Dissertation Knowledge Translation Article

Blogging and academic writing are often perceived as water and oil: They just don't go together. At least that's the perception I have encountered since I started pursuing my Ph.D. and writing blog posts.

In Steven Soderbergh's movie Contagion, one protagonist declares that blogging is like graffiti but with commas and periods. There is some truth to that, as many blogs are uninteresting and poorly written. And I am well aware that blogging does not always produce the highest quality of source material, as you might find in an article published in a peer-reviewed journal.

How can social media be used to increase article citation? Knowledge Translation Article

In early June, Adrian J. Ebsary, the online community specialist at the University of Ottawa, presented “Social Media for Citation Driving” at the 2015 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences in Ottawa, Canada. These tips, drawn from his larger talk, explain how academics and researchers can—and should—increase citations using social media.

How can your research have more impact? Five key principles and practical tips for effective knowledge exchange. Knowledge Translation Article

Generating new knowledge is a relatively straightforward concept compared with the more unknown territory of getting knowledge to those that might need it. To ensure knowledge is useful, relationships must be built: two-way, long-term, trusting relationships between researchers and the people who need the new knowledge we are generating. Mark Reed and Anna Evely share their top five principles for effective knowledge exchange.

How Do We Know if a Program Made a Difference? A Guide to Statistical Methods for Program Impact Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

This manual provides an overview of core statistical and econometric methods for program impact evaluation (and, more generally, causal modelling). More detailed and advanced than typical brief reviews of the subject, it also strives to be more approachable to a wider range of readers than the advanced theoretical literature on program impact evaluation estimators. It thus forms a bridge between more basic treatments of the essentials of impact evaluation methods and the more advanced discussions. It seeks to discuss impact evaluation estimators in a thorough manner that does justice to their complexity, but in a fashion that is approachable.

How to apply for research funding: 10 tips for academics Research Skills Guide

Winning funding for your research ideas is tough, and there is growing pressure in all disciplines to get grants. While there’s no easy way to write a successful application, there are some steps you can take to make the process less stressful. We asked reviewers and researchers to share their advice.

How to be better at searching online? Research Skills Article

Do you want to become better at searching online? The advice I give to my students is that it works just like with other skills: You need to practice more and more. The best way is to do this in an organized manner and that’s what “A Google A Day“, a new game on Google+ provides.

It asks you special questions in many topics and you have to find the solution through online search. It will give you hints or even show you the right search terms.

How to build a presence on Twitter Knowledge Translation Article

It may not be as difficult as you think to attract followers on Twitter. However, you will have to put some effort into making your Twitter account attractive to other users. They will only follow you if you appear interesting and relevant to them. 

How to Cite Research Skills Tool

Whenever you use someone else's words or ideas in your paper or presentation, you must indicate that this information is borrowed by citing your source. This applies to written sources you've used, such as books, articles and web pages, as well as other formats, such as images, sounds, TV/film clips, and DVDs. Failure to cite such sources may be considered plagiarism. Avoid distress and embarrassment by following a few simple rules.

The most common citation styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian, but there are many others, some of which are included under the Other Styles tab below. Different disciplines use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use.

How to conduct a successful focus group Research Skill

While focus group methodology is often discussed in the context of market research, it is also used in a variety of research fields.  Focus groups have been used to gather data on a wide range of research topics including: attitudes towards tobacco, meat quality, farming, electronic resources, patient quality, solar technology, health and safety, property management, and many more.

If you’re thinking about conducting a focus group for your own research, below are some fundamental things you’ll need to do to prepare for this type of study. 

How to Create Presentations that Don’t Suck Knowledge Translation Tool

Bad presentations are painful—for both the presenter dying a slow death in front of a crowd and the bored audience members who have to sit through it. If your task is to create or deliver presentations that don't suck, here are five common presentation pitfalls to avoid and tips on making presentations that can instead inspire and inform.

How to give a good academic conference paper Knowledge Translation Article

Tricks of presenting a successful academic conference paper are revealed by co-author of a popular public speaking guide

How to Lower the Work of Your Information Searches Research Skills Website

Information must have three attributes to make it useful in daily clinical practice: it must be relevant to everyday practice, it must be correct, and it should require little work to obtain it. Your goal while Navigating the Maze of evidence-based information sources is to remember the "Usefulness of Medical Information Equation" that conceptually relates these three attributes in this manner:

Relevance x Validity / Work

How to Make a Great Poster Knowledge Translation Tool

Making a great poster can be fun and is certainly a challenge!



Readability is a measure of how easily the ideas flow from one item to the next. Text that has lots of grammatical problems, complex or passive sentence structure, and misspellings is "hard to read".


If a text is legible, it can be deciphered. For example, an old book may not be legible if the paper has corroded or the lettering has faded. A common error in poster presentations is use of fonts that are too small to be read from 6-10 feet away, a typical distance for reading a poster.

well organized, and

Spatial organization makes the difference between reaching 95% rather than just 5% of your audience: time spent hunting for the next idea or piece of data is time taken away from thinking about the science.


Studies show that you have only 11 seconds to grab and retain your audience's attention so make the punchline prominant and brief. Most of your audience is going to absorb only the punchline. Those who are directly involved in related research will seek you out anyway and chat with you at length so you can afford to leave out all the details and tell those who are really interested the "nitty gritty" later.

Here are some ideas about how to get the most attention for your efforts.

How to Make Dumbbell Dot Plots in Excel Knowledge Translation Tool

This is a great example of choosing a graph type that is appropriate to the data. Dot plots are awesome for showing comparisons between two (or sometimes more) points. This would score a 2 on the Data Visualization Checklist item “The type of graph is appropriate for data.” 

How to make infographics: a beginner’s guide to data visualisation Knowledge Translation Tool

As a growing number of international NGOs are using infographics, charts and interactive maps to share success and highlight disaster, how can organisations with less resources create high quality visualisations without having to pay to outsource them?

We’ve put together a beginner’s guide for visualising development data.

How to Make Your Research Open: Erin McKiernan & Ross Mounce @ OpenCon 2014 Knowledge Translation Article

OpenCon 2014 is the student and early career researcher conference on Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data. OpenCon is organized by the Right to Research Coalition, SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), and an Organizing Committee of students and early career researchers from around the world.

How to read and understand a scientific paper: a guide for non-scientists Research Skills Article

Last week’s post (The truth about vaccinations: Your physician knows more than the University of Google) sparked a very lively discussion, with comments from several people trying to persuade me (and the other readers) that their paper disproved everything that I’d been saying. While I encourage you to go read the comments and contribute your own, here I want to focus on the much larger issue that this debate raised: what constitutes scientific authority?

It’s not just a fun academic problem. Getting the science wrong has very real consequences. For example, when a community doesn’t vaccinate children because they’re afraid of “toxins” and think that prayer (or diet, exercise, and “clean living”) is enough to prevent infection, outbreaks happen.

How to spot a statistical problem: advice for a non-statistical reviewer Research Skills Article

Statistical analyses presented in general medical journals are becoming increasingly sophisticated. BMC Medicine relies on subject reviewers to indicate when a statistical review is required. We consider this policy and provide guidance on when to recommend a manuscript for statistical evaluation. Indicators for statistical review include insufficient detail in methods or results, some common statistical issues and interpretation not based on the presented evidence. Reviewers are required to ensure that the manuscript is methodologically sound and clearly written. Within that context, they are expected to provide constructive feedback and opinion on the statistical design, analysis, presentation and interpretation. If reviewers lack the appropriate background to positively confirm the appropriateness of any of the manuscript’s statistical aspects, they are encouraged to recommend it for expert statistical review.

How to start on Twitter: A Nephrologist’s Perfect Tutorial! Knowledge Translation Tool

Twitter is my favorite tool serving as a channel between my mind and the minds of several thousands of like-minded people every day. It takes time to learn how to use it properly but it is absolutely worth the effort.

Now, Joel Topf, nephrologists created a fantastic tutorial about how and where to start! Don’t miss it!

How to Think Like an Evaluator Program Evaluation Tool

A while back I was asked to speak at the orientation session for new extension educators. The staff development leader explained that I was invited to talk because I might add variety to the training program. She said that she had observed my behavior and that of other evaluators at staff meetings and found that evaluators often "thought differently" about programs. She didn't explain how we thought differently, but I took it as a compliment and agreed to share some thoughts about how evaluators think.

Here are my notes from the presentation. I had intended it to be conversational with a touch of humor-sort of tongue in cheek. But nobody laughed. Indeed, they seemed to take it too seriously. There is a little humor here and I hope you can find it.

How To Think Visually Using Visual Analogies Knowledge Translation Tool

Most research in cognitive science explores how we see things but little research is done on how we understand what we see.

Understanding is the ultimate test of how good your visualization is. So how can you make people understand? Show something familiar and analogize. If you know nothing else about visualization but pick the right analogy you are more than half way there. This is what a professional designer does - and there is no substitute for analogies.

How do you choose the right analogy? In this grid I organized analogies from the abstract down to the more detailed. I grouped them by similarity in shape. The goal is to enable you to quickly see the possibilities and “try them on” your information. With time you’ll be able to do all of this in your head. But for now this is a shortcut. 

How to write a blogpost from your journal article Research Skills Article

One of the oddest things that people in academic life regularly say to me is: ‘I’m not paid to write blogposts, only research articles. If my department or the grant-funder wants to start paying me for doing posts, then that would be a different matter’. Or alternatively, the argument goes: ‘I just don’t have the time to do blogging’. Or finally, the clinching rebuttal is: ‘Your blogpost just won’t get cited, and in today’s research environment, only citations count’

How to Write a Good Scientific Paper? Knowledge Translation Tool

Common Steps of Scientific Research Methods

  1. Defining a Question(a phenomenon)
  2. Literature Review
  3. Formulating a Hypothesis
  4. Testing the Hypothesis
  5. Interpreting the Results
  6. Communicating the Results
How to Write a Research Paper as a Team Research Skills Article

More so than ever before, science has become an international endeavor. A huge proportion of scientific research is conducted collaboratively, sometimes with researchers from all parts of the world.

If you’ve only ever worked on solo projects, getting organized enough to write a research paper as a team is tricky. This article will share some best practices, tips, and tools to accomplish this task.

Be aware that different teams work in different ways. Some research papers consist of writing that is completed almost entirely by one or two people, but that include other contributing authors who took part in the research. Other papers will be more active collaborations between members of a group. This article will provide tips and tricks for both of these collaboration styles.

How Twitter Can Enhance Your Research Impact Research Skills Guide

Outline of Workshop:

Twitter as part of being a networked scholar:  working on your online identity

Communication:  proactive interactions & story-telling

Choosing your online tool

Full disclosure

Part of your research toolkit


How-to guide to using web automation tools to collate impact evidence from social media Program Evaluation Tool

Previously on this blog I have described how to use Twitter to track the real-time impact of a media dissemination event. As I discussed there, one problem with Twitter is that it does not maintain an easily searchable archive of tweets, meaning that any engagement activity may be lost if not captured more or less as it happens.

Whilst it is possible to collect such information for a one-off event, any researcher or department that develops impact or dissemination activities will be generating feedback from the public and other external bodies all of the time, via numerous channels such as Facebook, Twitter, blog comments, social bookmarks, newspaper columns and comments, and many more. How best, then, to capture this ongoing torrent of data, which will need to be collected over the next five years ahead of REF 2020? Collating feedback can be a very time consuming process, and whilst there are professional social media and marketing companies who will happily take on the work, there are cheaper alternatives – especially for smaller departments or individual researchers.

HyperStat Online Statistics Textbook Research Skills Website
  1. Introduction to Statistics
  2. Describing Univariate Data
  3. Describing Bivariate Data
  4. Introduction to Probability (elementary)
  5. Normal Distribution
  6. Sampling Distributions
  7. Point Estimation
  8. Confidence Intervals
  9. The Logic of Hypothesis Testing
  10. Testing Hypotheses with Standard Errors
  11. Power
  12. Introduction to Between-Subjects ANOVA
  13. Factorial Between-Subjects ANOVA
  14. Within-Subjects/Repeated Measures ANOVA
  15. Prediction
  16. Chi Square
  17. Distribution-Free Tests
  18. Measuring Effect Size
IBM SPSS Statistics: Getting Started Research Skills Online course

Description: IBM SPSS Statistics addresses the entire analytical process, from planning to data collection to analysis, to reporting and deployment. Analysts typically use SPSS Statistics to analyze data by testing hypotheses and then reporting the results.

If stakeholders matter which ones do we listen to first Program Evaluation Tool

AEA 2011 - Presentation by Jane Whynot and Mary Kay Lamarche as part of a panel that also included Lisa O'Reilly and Sanjeev Sridharan

Implementation of clinical practice guidelines toolkit Clinical Practice Guidelines Tool

This Toolkit was designed to assist health care settings in maximizing the potential of Clinical Practice Guidelines through systematic and well-planned implementation. It was also designed to accompany the Nursing Best Practice Guidelines (NBPGs) developed by the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) in order to facilitate their implementation.

Infographics for Knowledge Translation Knowledge Translation Article

The word infographic is an abbreviation of the term “Information Graphic”. Increasingly, these forms of data visualization have used in knowledge translation as a tool for disseminating research and sharing the findings of evaluations. The overall goal of NeuroDevNet’s KT Core is to influence policy and practice using network generated knowledge. Infographics provide a quick visual representation of the main messages in research. This makes them accessible to busy; decision makers/policy makers, practitioners, researchers, students, parents and families.

The rising application of infographics has been accompanied by conversations about incorporating visualization into post-secondary learning environments. Thompson (2015) discusses the concept of allowing students to create a ‘visual legacy’ through infographics. This meant bringing research projects to broader audiences by incorporating infographics.  Incorporating critical analysis of infographics also allows students to analyze the information that they are receiving, and practice creating a good visualization.

Information Literacy Interactive Tutorial Tutorial

Information literacy is about how to find the information you need quickly and use it effectively.

By becoming information literate, you will know where to look for information, how to find it, judge whether it is reliable and useful, and then apply it to your work.


This tutorial will provide you with an understanding of information literacy in six simple steps. Each step includes activities that will help you develop your information literacy skills.


You can work through the tutorial in your own time and don't have to complete it all in one session.

Information Literacy: A Neglected Core Competency Research Skills Article

The ability to find, use, and communicate information effectively and ethically is commonly known as information literacy. It is the umbrella term for emerging literacies such as technology literacy, media literacy, and health literacy. Information literacy is the domain of all educators:

  • The Association of American Colleges and Universities identified information literacy as one of the essential learning outcomes that prepare students for 21st century challenges.
  • The"2010 Horizon Report," a collaboration between the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative and the New Media Consortium, indicated that the need for training in the related digital media literacy is a critical challenge in education for the next five years.
  • The Council for Independent Colleges offers annual workshops for chief academic officers, librarians, and faculty on integrating information literacy at their campuses.
Informed Decisions Toolbox Evidence-based Practice Tool

Using research evidence when making decisions about the organization and financing of health care has great appeal, yet decision-makers do not always use this information. The Informed Decisions Toolbox addresses this issue in six steps and aims to help the health care decision-maker:

1. Acquire the best available evidence when making management decisions;
2. Assess whether evidence is useful, defined as accurate, applicable, actionable, and accessible;
3. Improve the process by which evidence is used in decision-making.

Institute for Work & Health: randomized controlled trial Research Skills Website

In a researcher’s toolkit, the randomized controlled trial (RCT) is one of the best ways to produce valid evidence on the effectiveness of interventions, from prevention programs to treatment options. According to the established hierarchy of evidence, the most valid evidence from original research comes from RCTs, followed by cohort studies and then case control studies (see At Work, Fall 2005: www.iwh.on.ca/wrmb/cohort-studies-case-control-studies-and-rcts).

Here’s how RCTs work. Study participants are deemed eligible through a recruitment process that involves specific criteria for inclusion and an informed consent process.

Those eligible are randomly assigned, in a process that’s not unlike flipping a coin, into one of two groups or ‘arms’ of the study: (1) the intervention group, or (2) the control group. The first group receives the intervention being studied, which could be a new treatment or procedure. The second does not, and instead receives an inactive placebo, conventional treatment or nothing at all.

The cornerstone of RCTs is this: Because the allocation process is random, it minimizes the chance that people who received treatment and those who did not had different characteristics. In other words, with random allocation, any differences in outcomes between the intervention group and the control group can be attributed to the intervention, as opposed to any of the participants’ attributes like age or disease.

Institute for Work & Health: Research 101 Research Skills Website

In this series, Research 101, we are taking you behind the scenes of a research project at the Institute for Work & Health (IWH), from start to finish.

Look behind every safety product invention, government occupational health and safety regulation or process improvement, and you will likely find research.

Research provides the facts about an occupational health and safety issue. It can help decision-makers with background information on a specific topic or help to fill in the gaps around an important health and safety question.

Although conducting research can be a time-consuming process, its rewards are endless: lives are saved, costs are decreased and productivity is enhanced.

Yet, how is research done? In particular, how do Institute for Work & Health (IWH) scientists carry out research?

Institute for Work & Health: What Researchers Mean By... Research Skills Tool

Since 2005, the Institute has published a regular column called, "What researchers mean by..." in our newsletter, At Work. The column is designed to help readers better understand what researchers do and the language they use when reporting their findings.

Internet Skills 1: How to Evaluate a Website Knowledge Translation Article

This video is part of the UBC Learning Commons three-minute tutorials series. The tutorial will introduce the internet skills series and provide a framework for assessing websites.

Internet Skills 2: Using the Internet to Jumpstart Research Research Skills Article

This video is part of the UBC Learning Commons three-minute tutorials series. The tutorial will continue the internet skills series and show you how to use non-scholarly sources such as Wikipedia and news outlets to jumpstart your research.

Internet Skills 3: How to Use the Internet to Find Scholarly Material Research Skills Article

This video is part of the UBC Learning Commons three-minute tutorials series. The tutorial will conclude the internet skills series and show you how to use Google Scholar and introduce library databases.

Intro to Hypothesis Testing in Statistics Research Skills Online course

The student will learn the big picture of what a hypothesis test is in statistics. We will discuss terms such as the null hypothesis, the alternate hypothesis, statistical significance of a hypothesis test, and more.

Introduction to Evidence-Based Medicine Tutorial Evidence-based Practice Online Course

This tutorial is intended for any health care practitioner or student who needs a basic introduction to the principles of Evidence-Based Medicine.

Upon completion of this self-paced tutorial, you will be able to:

  • define Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)

  • identify the parts of a well-built clinical question

  • identify EBM searching strategies that could improve MEDLINE retrieval

  • identify key issues that help determine the validity of the results of a study

Introduction to Evidence-Informed Decision Making Evidence-based Practice Online Course

This module is designed to be done sequentially, but does not have to be completed at one go! Take a break and come back to the next section.

As you work through this module some of the language and concepts that are discussed may be new to you. Take your time to become familiar with new terminology; each key term is hyperlinked to a glossary.

Estimated total time: 3.5-5 hours

Introduction to Health Services Research : A Self-Study Course Research Skills Online course

This e-learning course is presented for your use by the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) of the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

The course is made up of seven modules and provides a description of several research scenarios for you to use to enlarge your health services research skills (case studies). The modules offer information on the content and history of health services issues, describe an introduction to the NLM health services research databases, and to literature analysis and study design.

Slides from the MLA CE class Introduction to HSR taught by NICHSR staff on May 23, 1998 are also available upon request for you to examine.

Introduction to Methods for Health Services Research and Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

Introduction to Methods for Health Services Research and Evaluation provides an introduction to basic methods for undertaking research and program evaluation within health services organizations and systems. In addition to basic methods, the course also provides "the state of the art" in research and evaluation through the review of major completed studies. This course is recommended for students who will be carrying out policy research, social science research, or program impact evaluation within health delivery systems. It is also relevant to those who will apply the results of Health Services Research (HSR) done by others.

Introduction to Nursing Research Research Skills Online course

A Nursing Research study tool.

Introduction to Nursing Research - A University of Sweden Presentation Research Skills Article

Dr. Aidah Abu ElSoud Alkaissi Division of Intensive Care & Anaesthesiology University of Linköping- Sweden

Nursing research in perspective In today´s world:

Nurses must become lifelong learners capable of reflecting on, evaluating, and modifying their clinical practice based on new knowledge

Introduction to SPSS & NVivo: Elluminate recordings Research Skills Online course

Introduction to SPSS (Version 18)

There is a single recording made with Elluminate (requires Java) that makes up the online "Introduction to SPSS".

The recording features three parts: Data entry and basic functions; Tables and Figures; Inferential statistics (chi-square, correlation, regression, t test, recoding and computing new variables). As part of the recording, the fully illustrated handouts are offered as a PDF download as well as another PDF showing an example questionnaire and two SPSS data files.  

Introduction to NVivo (Version 9)

Session 1: General introduction to NVivo at IOE and coding.

Session 2: Using NVivo -Loading data and preparing data for analysis.

Session 3: Using NVivo - Coding and searching.

Introduction to Statistics Research Skills Online course

Statistics is about extracting meaning from data. In this class, we will introduce techniques for visualizing relationships in data and systematic techniques for understanding the relationships using mathematics.

Involving Stakeholders in Comparative Effectiveness Research and Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Approaches and Lessons Learned Knowledge Translation Article

The Center for Medical Technology Policy (CMTP) is an independent ,non-profit 501(c) (3) organization that seeks to advance health care innovation and effectiveness by improving the quality, relevance, and efficiency of health care research. CMTP works on methods, infrastructure and policy to support the conduct of comparative effectiveness research that generates information to assist patients, clinicians, and payers in making informed clinical and health policy decisions.

It’s time to put our impact data to work to get a better understanding of the value, use and re-use of research. Knowledge Translation Article

If published articles and research data are subject to open access and sharing mandates, why not also the data on impact-related activity of research outputs? Liz Allen argues that the curation of an open ‘impact genome project’ could go a long way in remedying our limited understanding of impact. Of course there would be lots of variants in the type of impact ‘sequenced’, but the analysis of ‘big data’ on impact, could facilitate the development of meaningful indicators of the value, use and re-use of research.

Journal of Health, Social and Environmental Issues: Developing a framework for critiquing health research Research Skills Article

A new framework for critiquing health-related research is presented in this article. More commonly used existing frameworks tend to have been formulated within the quantitative research paradigm. While frameworks for critiquing qualitative research exist, they are often complex and more suited to the needs of students engaged in advanced levels of study. The framework presented in this article addresses both quantitative and qualitative research within one list of questions. It is argued that this assists the ‘novice’ student of nursing and health-related research with learning about the two approaches to research by giving consideration to aspects of the research process that are common to both
approaches and also that differ between quantitative and qualitative research.

Journal of Health, Social, & Environmental Issues: Developing a framework for critiquing health research Research Skills Article

A new framework for critiquing health-related research is presented in this article. More commonly used existing frameworks tend to have been formulated within the quantitative research paradigm. While frameworks for critiquing qualitative research exist, they are often complex and more suited to the needs of students engaged in advanced levels of study. The framework presented in this article addresses both quantitative and qualitative research within one list of questions. It is argued that this assists the ‘novice’ student of nursing and health-related research with learning about the two approaches to research by giving consideration to aspects of the research process that are common to both approaches and also that differ between quantitative and qualitative research.

Justice Institute of BC: Evaluating Websites Program Evaluation Website

Because anyone can publish anything on the internet, it is very important to determine that the information you have found on a website comes from a reliable and authoritative source. So, how DO you evaluate a website?

Some hints are listed below. Ask yourself these questions when you are evaluating a website. Your answers will help you decide if the site appears to be a reliable source of information. In addition, we have provided a number of links to excellent guides for website evaluation.

Knowledge Sharing and Public Policies: Method and Preliminary Results of a Literature Review Knowledge Translation Article

This briefing note is part of a series of documents focused on sharing knowledge in the context of public policy development.

One of the pervasive questions in health promotion is: how can we put forward public health knowledge to support public policy development? Yet public health actors find little information about how to proceed.

Knowledge Translation Modules Knowledge Translation Online course

At CIHR, knowledge translation (KT) is defined as a dynamic and iterative process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically-sound application of knowledge to improve the health of Canadians, provide more effective health services and products and strengthen the health care system.

This process takes place within a complex system of interactions between researchers and knowledge users which may vary in intensity, complexity and level of engagement depending on the nature of the research and the findings as well as the needs of the particular knowledge user.

We are pleased to announce that three knowledge translation learning modules are now freely available.

A Guide to Researcher and Knowledge-User Collaboration in Health Research

This learning module will lead those engaged in collaborative health research – both researchers and knowledge users – through many of the key issues that should be considered and addressed when taking an integrated approach to creating knowledge and translating it into action. The module includes many real-life examples and case studies to illustrate learning points discussed in each section.

Introduction to Evidence-Informed Decision Making

This module has been developed to increase understanding about the components of evidence-informed decision making. It is built on a scenario that allows the learner to understand and apply each stage of the evidence-informed decision making process.

Critical Appraisal of Intervention Studies

The objective of this module is to increase the learner's ability to decide if an intervention study is of sufficient quality that it can be applied to a particular situation. The module is built on a scenario that allows the learner to understand and apply each criterion for critical appraisal of an intervention study.

Knowledge Translation Toolkit Knowledge Translation Tool

Fraser Health Department of Evaluation and Research Services (DERS) has developed a Knowledge Transfer and Exchange (KTE) Toolkit that will enable you to acquire, assess, adapt and apply evidence!

The Fraser Health KTE Toolkit is organized, user-friendly and includes:

  • A glossary of KTE terms
  • Evidence-based links relating to a wide variety of topic areas
  • Resources to enable you to find and implement evidence into practice and decision-making

Learn Excel Online – Free Online Excel Training Course Research Skills Online course

This free online Excel class was created with the goal of helping you learn Microsoft Excel. In these video tutorials I teach how to use Microsoft Excel 2010 specifically, but most of the information is applicable to previous versions as well.

Learning How to Learn: Powerful mental tools to help you master tough subjects Research Skills Online course

This course gives you easy access to the invaluable learning techniques used by experts in art, music, literature, math, science, sports, and many other disciplines. We’ll learn about the how the brain uses two very different learning modes and how it encapsulates (“chunks”) information. We’ll also cover illusions of learning, memory techniques, dealing with procrastination, and best practices shown by research to be most effective in helping you master tough subjects.  

Learning Lab Professional Development

These resources cover some of the study and writing requirements at postgraduate level.

Learning Support for Higher Degree Research Students Professional Development

A guide for research degree students.

Climb the thesis mountain:

  • Set up for success
  • Design your project
  • Build thinking and writing skills
  • Develop oral communication skills
  • Write the thesis
Library for health research reporting Research Skills Website

The EQUATOR Network library currently contains:

  • An introduction to reporting guidelines
  • Comprehensive lists of the available reporting guidelines, listed by study type:
    • Experimental studies
    • Observational studies
    • Diagnostic accuracy studies
    • Reliability and agreement studies
    • Systematic reviews
    • Qualitative research
    • Mixed methods studies
    • Economic evaluations
    • Quality improvement studies
    • Other reporting guidelines
    • Reporting data
    • Statistical methods and analyses
    • Sections of research reports
    • Specific conditions or procedures.
  • Reporting guidelines under development
  • Reporting guidelines in other research fields
  • Guidance on scientific writing
  • Guidance developed by editorial groups
  • Medical writers - additional resources
  • Research ethics, publication ethics and good practice guidelines
  • Resources related to development and maintenance of reporting guidelines
  • Editorials introducing reporting guidelines
  • Guidelines for peer reviewers
  • Case studies: How journals implement reporting guidelines
  • Examples of good research reporting
  • Useful and interesting presentations
  • EQUATOR 'pick' - comments, discussion and other thought provoking articles and interesting quotes
Library:Building Your Academic Profile Professional Development

The scholarly information life cycle has traditionally focused on the published article or book as the key output of the process but with the growth of social media and networked technologies the cycle has expanded the reach of a scholar's ideas in new and interactive ways. This guide focuses on skills and tools for discussing, interacting, presenting, writing, commenting, and finally publishing your research in the "new" scholarly communication environment.

Literature Review

A literature review is an evaluative comparison of various pieces of research.  It is not just a set of summaries or a descriptive list of material.  It shows the reader what previous research has been done in your field, critiques previous methodology, and evaluates prior studies to show an information gap which your own research will fill.  The information which follows is particularly relevant to a thesis literature review, but can be applied to shorter reviews and thesis proposals.


Logic Model Workbook Knowledge Translation Tool

Welcome to Innovation Network’s Logic Model Workbook. A logic model is a commonly-used tool to clarify and depict a program within an organization. You may have heard it described as a logical framework, theory of change, or program matrix—but the purpose is usually the same: to graphically depict your program, initiative, project or even the sum total of all of your organization’s work. It also serves as a foundation for program planning and evaluation.

This workbook is a do-it-yourself guide to the concepts and use of the logic model. It describes the steps necessary for you to create logic models for your own programs. This process may take anywhere from an hour to several hours or even days, depending on the complexity of the program.

Logic Modeling Program Evaluation Tool

An effective logic model makes an explicit, often visual, statement of the activities that will bring about change and the results you expect to see for the community and its people. Take this course to learn about the purpose and components of a logic model, as well as basic steps for building and reviewing your model.

Making sense of statistical power Research Skills Article

If you want to interpret nursing research outcomes, you need to understand statistical power. Few nurses are familiar with the concepts of statistical power and power analysis. Learning about statistical power and related concepts will help you more accurately interpret research findings and determine what influence, if any, these findings should have on nursing practice.

Making Virtual Meetings Come Alive: It’s Everyone’s Job! Knowledge Translation Article

Some topics are just way too important to relegate to a virtual meeting. You can’t have critical conversations if you’re not eye-to-eye. If you need to make real progress, you’ve got to sit down together, roll up your sleeves and just get it done.

If any of these statements ring true, then this edition of Communiqué is for you. Joining me to write this edition is my colleague Richard Richards, an Independent Leadership and Communications Consultant based in the UK.

Why do so many people see virtual meetings as a time they can catch up on email? Why are participants often so ill-prepared to jump into a productive conversation? We suspect that many people simply don’t see virtual meetings as real meetings. To them, the phrase “virtual meetings” means not only that people are conversing from a distance. It also means that the meeting is just not real.

Map, Measure & Improve: 3 Types of Flowcharts for Process Mapping Program Evaluation Tool

Trying to map the flow of your process before improving it? Here's a primer on the 3 different kinds of flowcharts you can use. Includes step by step instructions on creating Top-Down, Deployment and Detailed flowcharts.

A flowchart is an outline or schematic drawing of the process your team is trying to measure or improve. It can also be a picture of an ideal process that you would like to use. Process mapping with flowcharts can help people:

  • Agree on the steps of a process and the order in which they occur
  • See some of the duplicated effort and other non-value-added steps that might be lurking in a process
  • Clarify working relationships between people and organizations
  • Target specific steps in the process for improvement.

Process mapping is especially useful in the measure and analyze phases of Lean Six Sigma methodology. There are several kinds of flowcharts. In this article we will look at Top-down flowcharts, Deployment flowcharts, and detailed flowcharts.

Master the concepts of survey and questionnaire design Research Skills Tool

This tutorial will teach you how to conduct a survey and design a questionnaire. You'll learn the latest survey research techniques...what works and what doesn't. You'll discover the secrets used to maximize survey response rates, and how to design a questionnaire that gets at the true opinions of your sample. The tutorial is packed with information! It tells everything you need to begin writing your own market research surveys right now.

McMaster University Evidence Informed Decision Making Workshop Evidence-based Practice Resource

Evidence Informed Decision Making Workshop
May 3, 2011

  • An overview of the resources available to you to find the research evidence
  • An understanding of the different levels of “pre-appraised” sources of evidence
  • An introduction to some new tools
  • A feeling of excitement to explore them
McMaster University Evidence-Based Practice Resources Evidence-based Practice Resource

An Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice for Nursing Students

Evidence-Based Practice is a five-step process:

  1. Construct a relevant, answerable question from a clinical case.
  2. Plan and carry out a search of the literature for the best external evidence
  3. Critically appraise the literature for validity and applicability
  4. Apply the evidence to your clinical practice
  5. .Evaluate your performance


  • Measuring impact in health improvement: An accessible guide for health practitioners Program Evaluation Tool

    This guide has been produced for Local Government Improvement and Development (formerly the IDeA) by Valerie Garrow, Associate Director at the Institute for Employment Studies. It has been developed for practitioners working for councils and public health organisations who have been given the task of evaluating the impact of a project or initiative. It will take you through the process of designing, implementing and disseminating an impact assessment and will also provide information on the range of tools and help that is available. It aims to be a practical guide, helping you to design and conduct effective and appropriate impact assessment.

    Measuring the impact of research: how can we show return on investments in health research? (Part II) Research Skills Article

    Key Messages
    • The Canadian Academy of Health Sciences recently proposed an evaluation framework designed to address specific impact evaluation questions about the value of health research and health research funding.
    • Among the greatest challenges in assessing impact is the definition of “impact” itself, which can be different for every funding program. Defining the impact of health services research poses its own challenges — for example, it is often not feasible to define ideal policy- or decision-making impacts, since the research rarely yields unambiguous conclusions with obvious application.
    • Case studies are emerging as a popular method for measuring the impact of health research, since they help to identify the factors that lead to research success.

    Measuring The Impact Of Research: What Do We Know? (Part I) Research Skills Article

    Key Messages
    • A common reason for measuring the impact of research is to demonstrate accountability, but results of measuring can also be used to guide improvements in research and programming.
    • Health research impacts generally include: knowledge production; research capacity-building; informed decision-making; health and health sector benefits; and economic benefits.
    • Among some of the widely used methods for measuring the benefits from research are bibliometric analysis, economic rate of return, peer review, case studies, logic modelling, and benchmarking. Taking a multi-indicator, multi-method approach is advised.

    Menu of Indicators on Management and Leadership Capacity Development Professional Development

    The purpose of the Menu of Indicators is to serve as a reference tool to guide the selection of indicators in the areas of management and leadership capacity development.

    The Menu of Indicators is organized into four sections:

    • Indicators of Organizational Management Capacity–The indicators in this section focus on several management systems as defined by Management Sciences for Health (MSH) as essential systems for effective organizational performance. These management systems include planning, human resource management, management information system, quality assurance, financial and resource management, logistics, and monitoring and evaluation. The indicators in this section cover both the immediate outcome of a given intervention and its use.
    • Indicators of Work Group and Organizational Leadership Capacity–The indicators in this section cover both immediate and intermediate results of leadership capacity development at the work group and organizational level. At the work group level, the indicators are designed as a simple self-assessment tool that a team can apply periodically to monitor its use of the leading practices which include scan, focus, align and mobilize, and inspire. At the organizational level, the indicators measure the extent to which an organization routinely address and supports ongoing leadership capacity building.
    • Indicators of Organizational Sustainability–The indicators in this section measure beyond organizational and work group capacity at the operational level to organizational performance in the face of change.
    • Program Specific Indicators–This section provides indicators for specific programs offered by the Leadership, Management and Sustainability (LMS) Program or MSH such as the various virtual projects and networks.
    Methods in Biostatistics I Research Skills Online course

    Presents fundamental concepts in applied probability, exploratory data analysis, and statistical inference, focusing on probability and analysis of one and two samples. Topics include discrete and continuous probability models; expectation and variance; central limit theorem; inference, including hypothesis testing and confidence for means, proportions, and counts; maximum likelihood estimation; sample size determinations; elementary non-parametric methods; graphical displays; and data transformations.

    Microsoft Excel Full Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    You will learn full various functions of excel in this microsoft excel full tutorial video.


    Microsoft Excel Pivot Table Tutorial for Beginners Research Skills Online course

    This is an introduction to using Pivot Tables (or PivotTables) in Microsoft Excel. It works in Excel 2003, 2007, 2010, and 2013.

    Microsoft Office Online Tutorials Research Skills Online course

    These online tutorials are designed to offer quick tips and online resources to help you get the most out of using Microsoft® Office tools.

    Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Fundamentals Online Tool Program Evaluation Tool

    Monitoring of a program or intervention involves the collection of routine data that measure progress toward achieving program objectives. It is used to track changes in program performance over time. Its purpose is to permit stakeholders to make informed decisions regarding the effectiveness of programs and the efficient use of resources.

    Evaluation measures how well the program activities have met expected objectives and/or the extent to which changes
    in outcomes can be attributed to the program or intervention. The difference in the outcome of interest between having or not having the program or intervention is known as its "impact" and is commonly referred to as "impact evaluation."

    MOOC: Behavioral Economics in Action Knowledge Translation Online course

    How can we get people to save more money, eat healthy foods, engage in healthy behaviors, and make better choices in general? There has been a lot written about the fact that human beings do not process information and make decisions in an optimal fashion. This course builds on much of the fascinating work in the area of behavioral economics and allows learners to develop a hands-on approach by understanding its methods and more importantly, how it can be harnessed by suitably designing contexts to “nudge” choice.

    MOOCs: A massive open online course (MOOC) is a type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web. MOOC participants do not need to be a registered student in a school to "take" a MOOC, and are not required to pay a fee. Though the design of and participation in a MOOC may be similar to college or university courses, MOOCs typically do not offer credits awarded to paying students at schools. However, assessment of learning may be done for certification.

    More information about MOOCs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course

    MOOC catalogue: http://www.mooctivity.com/catalog/courses/?starting_within=all&category=...

    MOOC: Elementary Statistics Research Skills Online course

    We live in a time of unprecedented access to information...data. Whether researching the best school, job, or relationship, the Internet has thrown open the doors to vast pools of data. Statistics are simply objective and systematic methods for describing and interpreting information so that you may make the most informed decisions about life. 


    MOOCs: A massive open online course (MOOC) is a type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web. MOOC participants do not need to be a registered student in a school to "take" a MOOC, and are not required to pay a fee. Though the design of and participation in a MOOC may be similar to college or university courses, MOOCs typically do not offer credits awarded to paying students at schools. However, assessment of learning may be done for certification.

    More information about MOOCs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course

    MOOC: Epidemiology: The Basic Science of Public Health Research Skills Online course

    Often called “the cornerstone” of public health, epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases, health conditions, or events among populations and the application of that study to control health problems. By applying the concepts learned in this course to current public health problems and issues, students will understand the practice of epidemiology as it relates to real life and makes for a better appreciation of public health programs and policies. This course explores public health issues like cardiovascular and infectious diseases – both locally and globally – through the lens of epidemiology.

    MOOC: Introduction to R for Data Science Research Skills Online course

    R is rapidly becoming the leading language in data science and statistics. Today, the R programming language is the tool of choice for data scientists in every industry and field. Whether you are a full-time number cruncher, or just the occasional data analyst, R will suit your needs. 

    4 weeks, self-paced

    MOOCs: A massive open online course (MOOC) is a type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web. MOOC participants do not need to be a registered student in a school to "take" a MOOC, and are not required to pay a fee. Though the design of and participation in a MOOC may be similar to college or university courses, MOOCs typically do not offer credits awarded to paying students at schools. However, assessment of learning may be done for certification.

    More information about MOOCs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course

    MOOC catalogue: http://www.mooctivity.com/catalog/courses/?starting_within=all&category=...

    Multivariate Statistical Analysis - Old School Research Skills Article

    The goal of this text is to give the reader a thorough grounding in old-school multivariate statistical analysis. The emphasis is on multivariate normal modeling and inference, both theory and implementation. Linear models form a central theme of the book. Several chapters are devoted to developing the basic models, including multivariate regression and analysis of variance, and especially the “both-sides models” (i.e., generalized multivariate analysis of variance models), which allow modeling relationships among individuals as well as variables. Growth curve and repeated
    measure models are special cases.

    The linear models are concerned with means. Inference on covariance matrices covers testing equality of several covariance matrices, testing independence and conditional independence of (blocks of) variables, factor analysis, and some symmetry models. Principal components, though mainly a graphical/exploratory technique, also lends itself to some modeling.

    National Centre for Research Methods (UK): Transcribing your own qualitative data Research Skills Tool

    The toolkit includes advice on project planning for transcribing, tips for good quality recordings, advice on equipment and software and suggestions to help you save time while transcribing. Plus you can also use our spreadsheet to work out how long your transcribing will take and watch our mini-tutorial to show you how to add line numbers to your transcript.

    National Centre for Research Methods (UK): Using Email Interviews Research Skills Tool

    This toolkit draws on experiences of using email interviews in a qualitative, mixed method study of older music fans in three popular music ‘scenes’. This toolkit concentrates on my experiences of using email interviews, reflecting on how this method affected data collection and analysis, and discussing how the method works in practice.

    National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools Research Skills Website

    We are pleased to announce the creation of our new NCCMT Learning Centre where you can easily track your progress through our online learning modules.

    Log in. Track your progress. Check out the additional opportunities available from NCCMT.

    National Collaboration Centre for Methods & Tools: Evidence Informed Practice Evidence-based Practice Resource


    To understand the process of evidence-informed practice.

    Networking for Career Advancement Professional Development

    The goal of this program is to enhance nurses’ skills in networking to keep their professional careers fit. After you study the information presented here, you will be able to –

    • Identify four potential resources to contact for networking.
    • Outline steps for face-to-face networking.
    • Describe three self-marketing sales props for use in effective networking.
    NHS: Critical appraisal: Is the information reliable? Program Evaluation Website

    Critical appraisal: what is it?

    Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining and evaluating research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context.

    Why do we need to evaluate information?

    If you thought that critical appraisal was just "trashing papers" or that all papers that make it to publication must be reliable, you probably need to take another look at critical appraisal.

    • Evaluating information is an integral part of Evidence-Based Practice because some of the information on the internet and some published articles in healthcare journals are examples of bad research that shouldn't be applied to current practice. We cannot take conclusions for granted.
    • As a healthcare professional it is important to question your information sources constantly. If you are basing decisions about patient care on research or using evidence to back up your theories in an assignment, then you need to make sure the research stands up to scrutiny.
    NHSScotland: QI e-Learning Quality Improvement Tool

    In this section you will find e-Learning resources to help you along your quality improvement learning journey.

    Quality Improvement Modules

    • Introduction to Our Purpose and Values
    • Introduction to Quality and Quality Improvement
    • Introduction to Person-centred Healthcare
    • Introduction to Healthcare Systems
    • Introduction to Quality Improvement Methods
    • Introduction to Measurement for Improvement
    • Lean in Healthcare
    • Knowledge into Practice in Healthcare
    • Building a Quality Culture
    • Leading Quality Improvement
    • Creativity and Innovation in Healthcare
    • Introduction to Data Analysis
    • Measurement for Improvement - Presenting Data
    • Evaluating Quality Improvement
    • Introduction to Statistical Process Control
    Not all literature ‘reviews’ are the same Knowledge Translation Article

    I was trying to explain to a doctoral researcher the other day that the literature work that you do at the beginning of the doctorate is not the same as the literature work for the actual, final thesis that is handed up. I was doing a Not Very Good Job of this explanation when I remembered the book Doing your literature review. Traditional and systematic techniques, by Jesson, Matheson and Lacey (Sage 2011).

    Jesson and her colleagues suggest that there are two basic types of literature review – they use the term review so I will too – the traditional and the systematic. I’ve adapted what they have to say in the following account and the argument I’m making is mine, not theirs. It’s the point I was trying unsuccessfully to make with the doctoral researcher.

    Numeracy and Quantitative Methods Research Skills Online course

    Module Aims

    1. To provide participants with the opportunity to learn and practice a range of quantitative techniques appropriate to their work context 
    2. To facilitate the development of a critical appreciation for the challenges and limitations of quantitative research 

    Module learning outcomes
    At the end of the module the learner will be expected to be able to:

    1. Discuss the key assumptions of quantitative research and the measurement of empirical phenomena 
    2. Describe and evaluate a range of quantitative techniques suitable utilised in applied research
    3. Construct variables and discuss their validity and reliability
    4. Select appropriate quantitative techniques for particular research questions
    Numeracy Skills Research Skills Online course

    All healthcare professionals require a reasonable level of numeracy for the safe administration of medicines and fluids, budgeting and the interpretation of statistics.

    This course is designed for you to work through on your own. You might like to have calculator, pencil and paper to hand. (There is a calculator available under Start->Programs->Accessories).

    The Course Material includes technique and application topics and forms the main part of the numeracy skills course. The sections can be worked through independently.The tasks can be completed as many, or as a few, times as wished.

    The Assignments section contains multiple-choice quizzes to practice your measurement skills. Feedback is available as soon as a quiz is completed.

    Please use the Discussion Board found under communication to make any suggestions or comments.

    Help explains various aspects of using the Numeracy Skills course. Within the course, click the Help button (at the top-right of each page) to bring up the help screen.

    Nurse Author & Editor Research Skills Website

    Each issue of Nurse Author & Editor consists of articles offering advice on writing quality manuscripts, avoiding rejection, finding publishing opportunities, editing and reviewing. Each issue also has a section containing short articles to update readers on new developments in nursing journals and journal publishing.

    Nursing 322 - Introduction to Nursing Research and Statistics for Evidence-Based Practice Research Skills Online course

    CINAHL Plus

    • Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Heatlh Literature
    • Citations from over 3,100 journals
    • Full text for more than 560 journals
    • Literature back to 1981
    • Citations in 18 languages
    Nursing and eHealth Course Education Course Health & Safety Tool

    This course has been designed to help you learn about eHealth and how it affects your daily practice as a nurse.

    It will also provide you with the necessary background information to appreciate how eHealth can enhance your nursing practice and client care, by covering such subjects as:

    • how eHealth can support nursing roles, client care, and client empowerment,
    • the historical development of eHealth, and
    • the linkages between nursing, quality care, and eHealth
    Nursing and Mobile Technology Health & Safety Tool

    This is a free course. This course has been designed to:

    • Provide an engaging, practical, "hands-on" curriculum for nurses to develop confidence in the use of mobile technology.
    • Demonstrate the value and effectiveness of integrating mobile technology into nurses' daily routine, in various practice settings.
    • Demonstrate ways to use mobile technology to facilitate patient / client-centred learning.
    Nursing Databases 101: From Inception to Analysis Research Skills Guide

    Leveraging Data to Make Better Decisions - An Overview of Databases Webinar Series

    Nursing Informatics - Leveraging Technology to Improve Patient Care Knowledge Translation Online course

    The goal of this program is to provide nurses with a better understanding of how informatics and information technology support quality patient care. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to —

    • Describe healthcare and nursing informatics.
    • Describe technologies available to support clinicians in providing patient care.
    • Discuss ways in which nurses can participate in the implementation of new technology.
    Nursing Journal Clubs: Getting Started: Overview Knowledge Translation Online course

    This guide is intended to help you get started in establishing a journal club. It includes a tab on 10 steps to guide you, as well as additional tabs on finding articles, critiquing the literature, helpful videos, collaboration tools and more about journal clubs.  Consider this guide a starting point for you and your colleagues as you collaborate in identifying and discussing the professional literature in your field.

    Nursing Literature Search & Review Research Skills Tool

    Nursing Literature Search & Review - Presentation Transcript (slides)

    Nursing Research at Northeastern University Libraries Research Skills Website

    A guide to online and print resources in nursing.

    Nursing Research Proposal Developmental Research Skills Tool

    Nurses and other healthcare professionals are constantly seeking tools as they gather, evaluate, and grade research and other evidence.

    Various individuals within the SCAL Nursing Research Program have developed the following documents over the past several years. These tools cover a variety of applications, such as the definition of terms, application of statistical methods, and the review of qualitative/quantitative research. Please take the time to examine these useful tools and other research/EBP resource links.

    Nursing Research Self–Directed Learning Package Research Skills Online course

    This learning material is a series of modules, exercises and research examples for the benefit of any nurse at Providence Health Care who may be interested in furthering their knowledge in the area of research. Each module has its own distinct content but all share the same features in that they are essentially "how to" guides.

    Course Outline

    1. To support nurses and allied health professionals in their learning of the principles of research design at an introductory level.
    2. To enable the learner to identify clinical and academic research issues from the nursing and broader health care community.

    Educational Methods:
    This is a 5 Module online course that includes the following content:
    • Required reading of research case material
    • Learning-centred exercises

    Learners may conduct self-evaluations by completing the evaluation requirements at the end of the course. Each module includes exercises that are to be completed to ensure complete learning facilitation. While the modules draw on specific research problem examples, these may be tailored to accommodate individual research issues and to allow for maximum capacity learning.

    NVIvo - Social Science Data and Statistics Resources Research Skills Tool

    NVivo is a qualitative data analysis package used particularly by those in the social sciences, to perform analyses of unstructured data, including open-ended survey responses, literature reviews, audio recordings, pictures and web pages. The software allows users to classify, sort and arrange thousands of pieces of information. It supports documents in many languages and can be used to support many different qualitative research methods. 

    Office of Healthcare Innovation and Quality shares tips for performance improvement projects Program Evaluation Website

    Members of the Office of Healthcare Innovation and Quality share some tips on a slower, thoughtful approach to solving problems for sustained performance improvement in a recent post for AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association.

    The post was written by Pamela Senesac, PhD, MS, senior director of performance improvement; Anita Morris, MSN, FNP-BC, director of quality improvement and transformation; Sai Cherala, MD, MPH, senior clinical analyst and an assistant professor of Family Medicine & Community Health; Joan Johnston, RN, CIH, CPE, PCMH, CCE, a practice/health systems transformation specialist; and Ruth Aboagye, MBA, project coordinator.

    In their post, the authors advised taking the time to gather all relevant data, chart and diagrams that will help determine the root cause of a problem and influence the different methods that can be employed to implement performance improvement. Tips included beginning with a strong plan that can be revised and not being afraid to fail.

    The Office of Healthcare Innovation and Quality, a unit within UMass Medical School’s Commonwealth Medicine division, is dedicated to individual and organizational performance improvement. The team provides training, technical assistance and shared learning for provider organizations that are implementing new care delivery models. 

    Online Statistics Education: An Interactive Multimedia Course of Study Research Skills Online course

    Online Statistics: An Interactive Multimedia Course of Study is a resource for learning and teaching introductory statistics. It contains material presented in textbook format and as video presentations. This resource features interactive demonstrations and simulations, case studies, and an analysis lab.

    Open Access Research Skills Guide

    The purpose of this guide is to provide resources and information to the UMass Medical School community about open access and new models of scholarly publishing.

    Opening Up Open Access: Moving beyond business models and towards cooperative, scholar-organized, open networks Knowledge Translation Article

    Discussions about open access are currently dominated by considerations of business models. Kathleen Fitzpatrick reflects on the wider OA movement and whether the singular focus on making publications freely available has prematurely foreclosed a set of larger discussions about the broader circulation of scholarship in general. What will be required in order to motivate scholars to take the lead in forming collective, cooperative, scholar-organized and -governed publications on open networks?

    OpenIntro Statistic - Textbook for introductory statistics Research Skills Article

    OpenIntro Statistics is a free textbook for introductory statistics. We know quality is key, and we've spent thousands of hours to make this textbook ready to compete on any stage. The book can be downloaded for free as a PDF or purchased on Amazon.com for $9.02.

    Oral Presentations and Writing for Powerpoint Knowledge Translation Online course

    PowerPoint:  Oral Presentations Workshop

    Preparing, Presenting, and Using PowerPoint as An Effective Aid

    Part 1: Preparing an Oral Presentation
    Part 2: Presenting an Oral Presentation
    Part 3: Using PowerPoint Effectively

    ORCID: what, why, how? Research Skills Article

    Chances are that over the past couple of years you have started to hear more about ORCID. In this guest blog, Alice Meadows explains what ORCID is and how this is important to researchers, and those that work in a research organization.

    Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper Research Skills Guide


    The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.

    The word qualitative implies an emphasis on the qualities of entities and on processes and meanings that are not experimentally examined or measured (if measured at all) in terms of quantity, amount, intensity, or frequency. Qualitative researchers stress the socially constructed nature of reality, the intimate relationship between the researcher and what is studied, and the situational constraints that shape inquiry. Such researchers emphasize the value-laden nature of inquiry. They seek answers to questions that stress how ocial experience is created and given meaning. In contrast, quantitative studies emphasize the measurement and analysis of causal relationships between variables, not processes. Proponents of such studies claim that their work is done from within a value-free framework.*

    Qualitative forms of inquiry are considered by many social and behavioral scientists to be as much a perspective on how to approach investigating a research problem as it is a method.

    Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper Research Skills Article

    Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study.

    The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data. Note that your research problem determines the type of design you can use, not the other way around!

    Outcome Harvesting Program Evaluation Tool

    Outcome Harvesting collects (“harvests”) evidence of what has changed (“outcomes”) and, then, working backwards, determines whether and how an intervention has contributed to these changes.

    Outcome Harvesting has proven to be especially useful in complex situations when it is not possible to define concretely most of what an intervention aims to achieve, or even, what specific actions will be taken over a multi-year period.

    Outputs are for programs. Outcomes are for people. Program Evaluation Website

    A recent experience reviewing a professional organization’s conference proposals for professional development sessions reminded me of the challenge program designers/facilitators encounter in identifying and articulating program outcomes. Time after time, I read “outcome” statements such as: participants will view video cases…, participants will hear how we approached…, participants will have hands-on opportunities to…, participants will experience/explore…and so on. What are these statements describing? Program activities. Program outputs. What are they not describing? Outcomes.

    Participation in Online Virtual Meetings – Value & Tips Professional Development

    What does this mean? How does one participate in Online Meetings? What does a meeting facilitator need to consider in getting attendees to participate in Online Meetings?

    There are three key pieces to creating strong participation in virtual sessions:

    1. Belief that everyone has wisdom to be included in the project to get the best possible outcome.

    2. Understanding that people share when they feel they are in a safe, respectful environment.

    3. Awareness that there are different learning styles and providing various ways to engage these learning styles.

    The client meeting for preparation and design of the online work determine the client needs and desired outcomes. Here you build client

    PDSA: Plan-Do-Study-Act Quality Improvement Tool

    PDSA, or Plan-Do-Study-Act, is an iterative, four-stage problem-solving model used for improving a process or carrying out change.

    When using the PDSA cycle, it's important to include internal and external customers; they can provide feedback about what works and what doesn't. The customer defines quality, so it would make sense to also involve them in the process when appropriate or feasible, to increase acceptance of the end result. (If you're unsure about, who your customers are, you may want to create a customer chain to assist in identification.)

    PDSA: Plan-Do-Study-Act Ontario Quality Improvement Tool

    PDSA is the action component of the Model for Improvement and is a fundamental tool in quality improvement work.

    PDSA allows the team to create new knowledge by conducting small tests of change with a minimum of risk, and builds confidence in the impact of the changes proposed. Ideas with positive impact can be continued on a larger scale (PDSA ramps) to implementation while ideas that do not have a positive impact are discontinued. PDSA can be used effectively to engage staff who may be reluctant to change.

    Pediatric Nursing Conference: Anatomy of a Research Article: How to Read One and Know What it Means Knowledge Translation Article


    • Identify the components of a research article
    • Use a systematic approach to evaluate a nursing research article
    Pediatric Nursing Conference: How to Get Published Research Skills Article


    • Identify a topic to develop into a manuscript for publication.
    • Identify at least one strategy for brainstorming potential content around a topic.
    • Discuss strategies for overcoming writer's block or fear of writing.
    • List the characteristics of a good manuscript.


    PhD Toolkit Research Skills Tool

    Free templates and planners available for you to download.

    The book Planning Your PhD describes a number of planners and forms you can use to help plan your PhD. You can download these planners and forms below.

    Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Worksheet Quality Improvement Tool

    The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Worksheet is a useful tool for documenting a test of change. The PDSA cycle is shorthand for testing a change by developing a plan to test the change (Plan), carrying out the test (Do), observing and learning from the consequences (Study), and determining what modifications should be made to the test (Act).

    Planning and conducting a dissertation research project Research Skills Online course

    Study guide

    This guide addresses the task of planning and conducting a small research project, such as for an undergraduate or masters’ level dissertation. It aims to help you develop a clear sense of direction early on in the project, and to support you in organising, planning, and monitoring your project.

    The companion guide Writing a dissertation focuses on the preparation of the written report or thesis.

    Planning and Managing Scientific Research: A guide for the beginning researcher Research Skills Guide

    This book has been developed and expanded from materials prepared for a course delivered to Masters students in Earth Science at the Australian National University. These students had a broad range of experience and discipline base, and so from the beginning the treatment was rather general. The aim is to build an understanding of the nature of scientific research, and the way in which it can be planned and managed. The emphasis is on broadly applicable principles that can be of value irrespective of discipline, derived from my extensive research, editorial and management experience. 

    This short work is aimed at beginning researchers, particularly in the later stages of Ph.D. work and Postdoctoral workers, but should also be of value for independent researchers. In the early days of research guidance is likely from research supervisors and advisors. But, all too soon, a researcher
    can confront the situation where they are expected to be able to develop their own projects and make them work. This book is intended to help this transition, and to provide a framework that should be of value into the future. Each researcher will establish their own style and mode of work, my aim is to aid them to make this process as effective as possible.

    Practical considerations for leading and working on a mixed methods project Research Skills Website

    The aim of this toolkit is to highlight key issues that might arise out of leading or working on a mixed methods research project. It will be useful for both Principal Investigators or project leaders and other team members alike, and will offer a practical guide to help prepare for, design and carry out a mixed methods project. The focus of this toolkit is in other words on the practical aspects of such work, covering some of the more common pitfalls that mixed methods projects might face: the importance of
    teamwork; the need to allow for extra time; issues around data analysis and integration; and publishing from mixed methods projects. By highlighting these potential challenges as something worth considering at the outset of a project, we by no means intend to put you off from embarking upon mixed methods research, but rather hope to make the experience even more enjoyable.

    Program Development & Evaluation Quick Tips Program Evaluation Tool

    Program Development & Evaluation Quick Tips provide the faculty and staff of Cooperative Extension with easy-to-use, practical suggestions for improving their program development and evaluation practices. They are generally one or two pages in length, free of confusing jargon and based on basic, solid principles of program development and evaluation. Each suggests sources for further reading for people who are interested in greater detail.

    Program Evaluation Guide Program Evaluation Tool

    What comes to mind when you think of evaluation? An invaluable tool to improve your program? Or do you find the idea of evaluation intimidating because you don’t know much about it?

    Evaluation is part of the critical learning and improvement process whose goal is to increase impact. When done well, it is thoroughly integrated into the cycle of strategy, planning, doing, learning and changing. 

    Program Evaluation Toolkit Program Evaluation Tool

    Doing More With What You Know
    Supports the planning of knowledge exchange activities beyond publication in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at conferences. The toolkit offers concrete tools including a checklist, emerging concepts, scenarios, vehicles, a glossary and suggested readings for further ideas and information.

    Program Manager's Guide to Program Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

    Good program evaluations assess program performance, measure impacts on families and communities, and document program successes. With this information, programs are able to direct limited resources to where they are most needed and most effective in their communities.

    To help programs fulfill these goals, the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF) has developed the Program Manager's Guide to Evaluation. The Guide explains program evaluation -what it is, how to understand it, and how to do it. It answers your questions about evaluation and explains how to use evaluation to improve programs and benefit staff and families.

    Program: Selecting Statistics Research Skills Tool

    Selecting Statistical Techniques for Social Science Data : A Guide for SAS.

    The development of this program was supported in part through NIMH Grant R01MH46712-01A1, William M.K. Trochim, Principal Investigator; and US Dept. of Education and NIMH Grant H133B00011, Judith A. Cook, Principal Investigator.

    Everyone who uses this program owes a great debt to the people who painstakingly put together the text document on which this is based.

    This program should not be viewed as a substitute for advanced study of statistics or consultation with a professional statistician. This program is best used as an exploratory tool when first thinking about statistical analyses, and as an aid to educating students on the selection of the correct statistical technique. The author of this program, the distributor, and the authors of the text on which it is based assume no liability for any errors contained herein.

    Programs to enhance your research, writing and presenting skills Research Skills Article

    Recently, I’ve been thinking about the digital tools I use in the process of researching and writing and whether others may find these programs useful. Here, I focus on tools I’ve worked with in various ways for academic and other research over the past year.

    Project Management for Evaluators Program Evaluation Tool

    Project Management is the discipline of organizing work to improve a team’s efficiency and effectiveness. To realize these benefits, good project managers have mastered a set of technical, interpersonal, and contextual skills that are applicable to most industries including Evaluation. This Evaluation Café presentation will define the project management discipline, showcase key concepts that will positively impact your evaluation practice, and recommend resources to develop your skills further.

    Project Management in the Research Environment Professional Development

    Research Project Management is proposed as a distinct sub-discipline within the profession. The elements that make research projects uniquely challenging for project managers who work on them as well as the skills and qualities they must possess to succeed are explored.

    Public-Friendly Open Science Knowledge Translation Article

    In the 21st century science is growing more technical and complex, as we gaze further and further while standing on the shoulders of many generations of giants. The public has often a hard time understanding research and its relevance to society. One of the reasons for this is that scientists do not spend enough time communicating their findings outside their own scientific community. Obviously there are some exceptions, but the rule is that scientists write content for scientists. Academia is often perceived as an ivory tower, and when new findings are shared with the outside world, this is not done by scientists, but by the media or even the political class. The problem is that these external agents do not have the necessary background to digest and properly communicate this knowledge with the rest of society. They often misunderstand, over-hype and in some case even distort the results and views of the scientific community. It’s ironic and somewhat frightening that the discoveries and recommendations for which society invests substantial economic and human capital, are not directly disseminated by the people who really understand them.

    Publishing Your Research 101 Impact of video on scientific articles Knowledge Translation Article

    American Chemical Society

    PubMed Research Skills Tool

    PubMed comprises approximately 20 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. PubMed citations and abstracts include the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences. PubMed also provides access to additional relevant Web sites and links to the other NCBI molecular biology resources. PubMed is a free resource that is developed and maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), located at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

    PubMed Clinical Queries Research Skills Tool

    This page provides the following specialized PubMed searches for clinicians:

    • Search by Clinical Study Category
      • This search finds citations that correspond to a specific clinical study category. The search may be either broad and sensitive or narrow and specific.
    • Find Systematic Reviews
      • For your topic(s) of interest, this search finds citations for systematic reviews, meta-analyses, reviews of clinical trials, evidence-based medicine, consensus development conferences, and guidelines.
    • Medical Genetics Searches

    After running one of these searches, you may further refine your results using PubMed's Limits feature.

    Results of searches on these pages are limited to specific clinical research areas.

    PubMed Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    Welcome to the "PubMed Tutorial", the Web-based learning program that will show you how to search PubMed®, the National Library of Medicine (NLM®) journal literature search system.

    This tutorial was updated in May 2010, and reflects PubMed changes through April 16, 2010. To see a list of recent PubMed changes, go to PubMed's New/Noteworthy.

    Goals and Objectives

    By the end of this course, you should be able to:

    • Understand PubMed's scope and content.
    • Understand how the MeSH vocabulary is used to describe and retrieve citations.
    • Build a search using MeSH and PubMed search tools
    • Manage your results using display, sort, the Clipboard, save, print, e-mail and order features and My NCBI filters.
    • Save your search strategies.
    • Link to full-text articles and other resources.
    • Use special queries and other PubMed/NCBI tools.
    QUAL Eval Week: Michael Quinn Patton on Practical Qualitative Analysis Program Evaluation Website

    My name is Michael Quinn Patton. I train evaluators in qualitative evaluation methods and analysis. Qualitative interviews, open-ended survey questions, and social media entries can yield massive amounts of raw data. Course participants ask: “How can qualitative data be analyzed quickly, efficiently, and credibly to provide timely feedback to stakeholders? How do every day program evaluators engaged in ongoing monitoring handle analyzing lots of qualitative responses?”

    Hot Tip: Focus on priority evaluation questions. Don’t think of qualitative analysis as including every single response. Many responses aren’t relevant to priority evaluation questions. Like email you delete immediately, skip irrelevant responses.


    Qualitative data analysis using NVivo Program Evaluation Tool

    Helen Dixon (13 SlideShares) , Analyst Trainer at Queen's University Belfast

    Introduction to qualitative data analysis using NVivo

    Qualitative Research Design: Selected Articles from Research Design Review Research Skills Article

    Research Design Review is an online blog that began in November 2009 with the intention of providing suppliers, end-users, and students of qualitative and/or quantitative research with a resource for thinking about and discussing research design issues. RDR addresses the basic question, “Is it good research?” - meaning, does the research design (regardless of method) adhere to common
    standards or principles that are generally agreed to support some degree of confidence in our research findings. RDR currently includes over 40 posts concerning quantitative and qualitative research design
    issues. This paper presents a selection of articles from RDR specific to qualitative research design. It is hoped that greater awareness and understanding of the factors impacting qualitative research design
    will lead to more useful, higher-quality outcomes.

    Qualitative Research Guidelines Project Research Skills Website

    The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has sponsored the Qualitative Research Guidelines Project to develop a website that will be useful for people developing, evaluating and engaging in qualitative research projects in healthcare settings.

    The goals of this project are to:

    • Identify and describe a wide range of qualitative research methods, interpretive and analytic approaches commonly used in healthcare research
    • Identify published criteria for designing high quality qualitative research projects that reflect the values of the healthcare community.
    • Provide links to publications that exemplify excellence in qualitative research.
    • Address issues around the integration of qualitative and quantitative research approaches in multi-method studies
    Qualitative Research in Nursing Research Skills Article


    • Qualitative research methods have become increasingly important as ways of developing nursing knowledge for evidence-based nursing practice. Qualitative research answers a wide variety of questions related to nursing's concern with human responses to actual or potential health problems. (Ploeg J, 1999)
    • Qualitative research is a type of scientific research which has its roots in philosophy and human sciences.
    • Qualitative research plays an important part in providing evidence for practice in nursing, and is gaining greater acceptance within medicine. (Bailey C, 2002)
    Quality Improvement: Getting Started Quality Improvement Tool

    To facilitate quality improvement initiatives in Ontario, Health Quality Ontario (HQO) has developed a comprehensive Quality Improvement Framework that brings together the strengths of several QI science models and methodologies, such as the Model for Improvement from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), and traditional manufacturing quality improvement methods like Lean and Six Sigma. HQO grounded their framework in Deming´s System of Profound Knowledge to ensure a system-wide view of improvement would be applied to any quality improvement initiative, in any healthcare sector.

    Quantitative Research Designs 101: Addressing Practice-Based Issues in Public Health Evidence-based Practice Online Course

    Welcome to the NCCMT Learning Centre, where you can track your progress and recieve certification for our online learning modules. Log in. Track your progress. Check out the additional opportunities available from NCCMT.

    Our new Learning Centre is designed to help you to easily track your progress through all our online learning opportunities.

    Our new Quantitative Research Designs 101 module is already housed in the new Learning Centre.

    Question Wording Research Skills Article

    The general principle of question wording is that every respondent should understand the question and be able to answer it with reliability – that is, if she were asked the same question again, she would give the same answer. So question wordings are evaluated in terms of whether they can provide reliable information. A number of common problems have been identified, as well as solutions for dealing with them.

    Rapid evidence-assessments (REAs) Evidence-based Practice Resource

    Rapid evidence-assessments (REAs) are reviews and assessments of health evidence on specific topics or in response to specific clinical questions. A rapid evidence assessment should provide a robust synthesis of the existing international evidence in as little as four to six weeks for specific research questions. In terms of methodology, REAs follow some of the principles of the systematic review but within a much shorter time frame; concessions are also always made in terms of methodological rigour. That said, REAs have their place in literature reviews and are starting to gain favour in Canada, the United States and the UK especially within the educational, government and policy sectors.

    What is their value in medicine?
    According to the research, REAs are (re)appraisals of evidence that fall between health technology assessments (HTAs) and fully-developed systematic reviews. They are, in that sense, similar to 'scoping studies or question scans but usually include much more detail. REAs order the research in a similar way to systematic reviews but meet shorter and much more urgent timelines - usually within two months or less. The prominence of evidence-based medicine and its principles have led some health organizations to develop more rapid methods for accessing, appraising and synthesizing evidence in health care. Typically this can be a slow and expensive process and should never be undertaken for issues that have been extensively written about or where the opposite is true: a lack of evidence. In any case, REAs may offer a suitable alternative to more systematic methods. One of the first steps is to find out what has been written and what is already known. Rigorous systematic review searching is needed for a range of academic and scientific disciplines. Health librarians and biomedical researchers should consider REA-type reviews to address the need to apply the evidence more quickly without the need to conduct a full systematic review.

    Rapid 'cumulation' is critical
    The knowledge economy has developed considerably in recent decades. However, the number of publishing outlets and ease of publishing in the digital era is responsible for a lot of the information overload we experience in health. The sheer amount of evidence that is available, coupled with the rapid growth of scholarly publishing and communication tools, makes it difficult and often extremely time-consuming to cumulate the literature in given areas. The problem of locating many separate and similar clinical studies has led to the creation of newer forms of knowledge management such as the rapid review. Despite the concerns expressed about its methodological shortcomings, the REA is widely-used in public policy and health technology assessment.

    Recommendations that Rock! Program Evaluation Tool

    Translate your evaluation findings into Action by crafting recommendations that reflect some or all of the following characteristics.... 

    Reconsidering Evaluation Criteria for Scientific Adequacy in Health Care Research: An Integrative Framework of Quantitative and Qualitative Criteria Research Skills Article

    It is important to reconsider evaluation criteria regarding scientific adequacy in health care research. In this article the authors review the four pairs of quantitative/qualitative paradigms. They discuss the use of evaluation criteria based on a pragmatic perspective after examining the epistemological issues behind the criteria. Validity/credibility is concerned with research framework, whereas reliability/dependability refers to the range of stability in observations, objectivity/confirmability reflects influences between observers and subjects, and generalizability/transferability has epistemological differences in the way findings are applied. Qualitative studies should not always choose qualitative paradigms, and
    vice versa. If stability can be assumed to some extent in a qualitative study, it is better to use a quantitative paradigm. Regardless of whether it is quantitative or qualitative research, it is important to recognize the four epistemological axes.

    Referencing for research writing Research Skills Guide

    This resource provides answers for frequently asked referencing questions. It does not cover basic referencing rules and conventions. For a summary of the conventions and principles underlining referencing and how to avoid plagiarism, please go to the Referencing resource.

    When thinking about referencing it is important to bear in mind that it is not simply a technical task that protects the intellectual property of others. Appropriate referencing is critical to our integrity as researchers and to the overall aims of scholarship.

    Refresh your research skills Research Skills Online course

    Settling into the new school year? Need a refresher on library research skills? If so, then make sure to check out UBC Library’s Basic Library Skills Tutorial, which introduces users to the core knowledge needed to complete quality research using UBC Library resources.

    The tutorial allows students to work through the information they need to succeed in their assignments. It includes five modules:

    • Module 1 – developing a research question
    • Module 2 – navigating the Library website
    • Module 3 – finding books (title/author and topic) using Summon and the catalogue
    • Module 4 – finding articles (title and topic) using Summon and the catalogue, finding subject-specific databases
    • Module 5 – evaluating information sources

    Each module should take no longer than 20 minutes to complete. The tutorial includes a self-test element that allows students to assess their skills and highlight areas where they may need help.

    RefWorks - Direct Export from CINAHL Research Skills Guide

    McMaster Health Sciences Library

    RefWorks - Direct Export from Ovid Research Skills Guide

    McMaster Health Sciences Library

    Representing Stakeholder Values Through Effective Communication of Findings Program Evaluation Tool

    Stakeholder involvement increases evaluation use and has become accepted practice within the evaluation profession, as evidenced by a survey conducted in 2006 which found 98% of American Evaluation Association members agreed that evaluators should take the responsibility for involving stakeholders in the evaluation process. Stakeholder values and involvement differs across organizations, causes, and the utilization of findings in their decision making processes. In order to fulfill the mission of the program evaluation, an evaluator must effectively communicate findings through identifying and understanding stakeholders' values. Attendees of this skill-building workshop will be provided with hands on experience necessary to articulate stakeholders' values, and to frame, document and disseminate findings based on these values. Attendees will also be provided with scenarios of program evaluations and directed through the process of communicating findings to specific stakeholder audiences. Additionally, attendees will receive a list of resources for further practice and learning.

    Research 101 Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    Research 101 is an interactive online tutorial for students wanting an introduction to research skills. The tutorial covers the basics, including how to select a topic and develop research questions, as well as how to select, search for, find, and evaluate information sources.

    Research 101: the ABC's of Research Research Skills Tool

    PowerPoint presentation of research basics.

    Research Basics Research Skills Article

    The research process deals with the ways and strategies used by researchers to understand the world around us. This is a guide to basic elements of scientific research.

    Read more: Research Basics - What is the Scientific Method? 

    Research Methods Research Skills Article

    There are two categories of research methods: qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative data collection usually involves numbers, graphs and charts, whereas, qualitative data collection methods deals with feelings and other non-quantifiable elements.

    The most popular qualitative methods of data collection and analysis in business studies are interviews, focus groups, observation, case studies, games and role playing etc.

    Research Proposal Research Skills Article

    The ultimate aim of research is to contribute in some way to the existing knowledge we have in a particular field.  A research project or thesis is a documented record of what that contribution is and how it was achieved.  You need to thoroughly research what is already known in your field, identify an area that needs further research, then make claims based on your findings.  The claim should be the most reasonable based on the available evidence.

    Research Sidebar in Google Docs Research Skills Tool

    Google Docs has a new feature that lets you find more information about some of the words from a document and also add content from the Web. The research sidebar can be enabled from the Tools menu or by using the shortcut Ctrl+Alt+R (Cmd +Opt+R for Mac). You can also select one or more words from the document, right click and select "Research" from the menu.

    Research Skills Research Skills Website

    A website designed for students learning new research skills:

    Step 1: Developing A Research Question
    Step 2: Developing A Research Thesis
    Step 3: Finding Sources
    Step 4: Evaluating Sources
    Step 5: Taking Notes
    Step 6: Working With Quotations
    Step 7: Writing Summaries And Paraphrases
    Step 8: Building The Essay Draft
    Step 9: Documenting Sources
    Step 10: Revising And Proofreading The Draft

    Resources to Search the Invisible Web Research Skills Tool

    This section covers finding sources for your writing in the World Wide Web. It includes information about search engines, Boolean operators, Web directories, and the invisible Web. It also includes an extensive, annotated links section.

    Review: Application of Qualitative Methods in Health Research: An Overview Research Skills Article

    Qualitative research is type of formative research that includes specialized techniques for obtaining in-depth responses about what people think and how they feel. It is seen as the research that seeks answer to the questions in the real world. Qualitative researchers gather what they see, hear, read from people and places, from events and activities, with the purpose to learn about the community and to generate new understanding that can be used by the social world. Qualitative research have
    often been conducted to answer the question “why” rather than “what”. A purpose of qualitative research is the construction of new understanding. Here, we present an overview of application
    of qualitative methods in health research. We have discussed here the different types of qualitative methods and how we and others have used them in different settings/scenarios; sample size and sampling techniques; analysis of qualitative data; validity in qualitative research; and ethical issues.

    Reviewing the Literature: A Short Guide for Research Students Research Skills Guide

    Reviews of previous literature in a thesis or research paper are not summaries of every article you have read, but rather an exposition of the existing knowledge and reasoning which led you to believe that what you did was worth doing in the way that you did it, written so as to convince the reader of these things. 

    Writing about the literature is not just part of “what you have to do”, it is a valuable way to learn the literature, to get it “off the page and into your head”. And that is essential if you are to be able to think critically about your field.

    Revisiting interaction in knowledge translation Research Skills Article

    Key Messages
    • For some studies – including those expected to receive significant news media attention – the most important time for researchers and decision makers to interact is near the end of the study, with interaction continuing when and after study findings are released.
    • When studies generate considerable public attention, stakeholders want knowledge translation efforts like forums and web conferences to take place close to the release date of the study’s findings.
    • Discussions between researchers and decision makers should continue after the findings become public, to look at what the findings mean and how they can be put into action.

    Sansom Institute for Health Research - Critical Appraisal Tools Evidence-based Practice Tool

    Critical appraisal is an integral process in Evidence Based Practice. Critical appraisal aims to identify methodological flaws in the literature and provide consumers of research evidence the opportunity to make informed decisions about the quality of research evidence.

    Below is a list of critical appraisal tools, linked to the websites where they were developed. iCAHE staff will update this webpage as new critical appraisal tools are published.

    Please choose a type of study:

    • Randomised Controlled Trials
    • Non-Randomised Controlled Trials
    • Other Quantitative Research
    • Case Studies
    • Qualitative Research
    • Mixed Methods Research
    • Systematic Reviews
    • Meta-Analysis
    • Outcome Measures
    • Clinical Guidelines - featuring iCAHE's Guideline CAT
    • Assessing Treatment Choices
    • Finding your own CATs
    • Constructing your own CATs
    Science Abstracts Do Not Always Tell Whole Story Research Skills Article

    Movie trailers capture the viewers’ attention, giving a general idea of what the film is about without giving away the entire plot and features. They do not however, tell the entire story and may give a false impression to some film-goers. This can be said about science abstracts of research papers that summarize the “plot” of a study, but that do not always tell the whole story accurately.

    A science abstract gives a summary of a study that provides clinicians and other readers a general idea of what the study is about. It helps readers decide whether they want to invest the time to read the entire research paper. Like a fiction story that presents the plot’s characters and setting, plot, climax, and resolution, an abstract provides an organ introduction of the study, the method of research, the results of the experiment, and the discussion and conclusion that describe what the researchers interpret of the results.


    Science and Modern Thought in Nursing: Pragmatism & Praxis for Evidence Based Practice Evidence-based Practice Resource

    This exciting new text presents a pragmatic approach to the philosophy of nursing science that underpins evidence-based practice (EBP), including an exploration of research methodologies. The author explains the foundational principles underpinning scientific enquiry. The text is written in a creative and accessible manner, and employs provocative arguments to challenge some of the approaches to nursing knowledge.  

    Sense About Science and Straight Statistics Research Skills Article

    Statistics are used to measure and make sense of the world. They are produced by the Government, political parties, the civil service, the Bank of England, opinion polls, campaign groups, social research, scientific papers, newspapers and more. But when confronted with stories such as “Crime rate rising again”, “Polls put Tories up to 7% ahead”, “Child heart surgery halted at hospital after four deaths” or “Swine flu ‘could kill up to 120m’”, how can we work out whether to believe them and what they really mean?

    Statistics can be hyped and sensationalised by the use of an extreme value to make a story more dramatic or by reporting a relative increase in risk without including the absolute change. Data may be analysed and presented in different ways to support contradictory arguments or to reach different conclusions, whether deliberately or by mistake.

    Six Steps to Effective Recommendations Research Skills Article


    A presentation by Mike Hendricks at Evaluation 2011 on six practical steps to offering effective recommendations

    Small trials in evidence synthesis Research Skills Article

    Bottom line: The inclusion of small studies introduces a whole host of problems with little obvious gain.  So, don’t waste time/money in trying to locate them all.  In most cases less can be more!

    A recent post in the Lancet [1] caused some controversy by suggesting that systematic reviews can sometimes increase waste by promoting underpowered trials. The authors report:

    “Efforts by Cochrane and others to locate all trials have meant that many low-quality, single-centre trials, often with inaccuracies, are easily accessible. Most meta-analyses are dominated by such trials. The median number of trials in Cochrane reviews is six to 16, and the median number of patients per trial is about 80. Inclusion of such trials in meta-analyses results in inflated treatment effects. Small trials are prone to publication and other selection biases, are often low quality, and, because single-centre trials have less oversight than multicentre trials, they are more susceptible to misconduct.”

    Smart Research Strategies Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    Tutorial outlining smart general research strategies.

    Smart Searching: Logical Steps to Building and Testing Your Literature Search Research Skills Guide

    Some tips and tricks to enhance literature search techniques, for librarians and researchers (especially in the health sector) who are interested in developing and testing their search strategies.

    Smart Searching: Logical Steps to Building and Testing Your Literature Search Research Skills Article

    Some tips and tricks to enhance literature search techniques, for librarians and researchers (especially in the health sector) who are interested in developing and testing their search strategies.

    Social Research Methods and Design Research Skills Article

    A series of lectures given to postgraduate (graduate) students at the University of Huddersfield about social research methods and research design. Topics covered include issues of the quality of both qualitative and quantitative research including reliability, validity, generalizability, trustworthiness credibility and consistency. The key designs of surveys, experiments and case studies are examined and then a range of forms of data collection, including, questionnaires, interviews, documents, ethnography, repertory grids, and diaries are discussed.

    Space-time Disease Surveillance Research Skills Online course

    This on-line workshop provides participants with an understanding of different methods and associated statistical concepts involved in space-time disease surveillance. Workshop content focuses on spatial analysis of disease data in a GIS environment, spatial statistics, and analysis scenarios for cluster analysis and cluster detection.

    Audience: Workshop content is designed for health geomatics professionals, public health workers, researchers, and epidemiologists.


    Spatial Epidemiology Research Skills Online course

    his on-line workshop provides an introduction to spatial epidemiology, focusing on assessing exposures in a geographical information system (GIS) for use in epidemiological studies. Participants will learn about spatial health data and area socio-economic data available in BC, spatial exposure assessment methods, analytical approaches, and limitations of spatial epidemiology.

    Audience: Workshop content is designed for health researchers, with some experience using GIS, who would like to expand their knowledge of spatial epidemiology.


    Spread Your Wings: RNs Have What It Takes to Be Effective Leaders Professional Development

    The purpose of this program is to educate nurses about trends in the healthcare industry, to discuss skills nurses can learn to influence change, and to challenge every nurse to become a strong leader and a supportive follower. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to —

    • Discuss how nurses can gain control of their own destinies in response to trends affecting the healthcare industry.
    • Identify five new skills that will help nurses positively influence change in healthcare organizations.
    • Discuss three key characteristics of effective leaders and supportive followers.
    SPSS Tutorial Crosstabs and Chi Square Research Skills Online course

    This tutorial examines crosstabs and the chi-square test using SPSS

    SPSS Tutorial Descriptive Statistics Research Skills Online course

    This tutorial shows you how to run some basic descriptive statistics using SPSS

    Statistical Process Control (SPC) Research Skills Tool

    SPC is a practical statistical approach to resolving problems. If you do any type of measurement to help gather information and find a solution, this is the tool you should use. 

    Statistical studies Research Skills Online course

    Khan Academy is an organization on a mission. We're a not-for-profit with the goal of changing education for the better by providing a free world-class education for anyone anywhere.

    All of the site's resources are available to anyone. It doesn't matter if you are a student, teacher, home-schooler, principal, adult returning to the classroom after 20 years, or a friendly alien just trying to get a leg up in earthly biology. Khan Academy's materials and resources are available to you completely free of charge.

    Statistically adjusted Research Skills Tool

    When determining the relationship between two factors, scientists need to take into account other factors that may affect that relationship. When they do, they statistically adjust their findings to reflect the impact of these other factors.

    Statistics Done Wrong - The woefully complete guide Research Skills Guide

    If you’re a practicing scientist, you probably use statistics to analyze your data. From basic t tests and standard error calculations to Cox proportional hazards models and geospatial kriging systems, we rely on statistics to give answers to scientific problems.

    This is unfortunate, because most of us don’t know how to do statistics.

    Statistics Done Wrong is a guide to the most popular statistical errors and slip-ups committed by scientists every day, in the lab and in peer-reviewed journals. Many of the errors are prevalent in vast swathes of the published literature, casting doubt on the findings of thousands of papers. Statistics Done Wrong assumes no prior knowledge of statistics, so you can read it before your first statistics course or after thirty years of scientific practice.

    Still Hesitating? Let's bust some myths around increasing stakeholder participation in evaluation Program Evaluation Website

    In the final blog in the 4-part series, Leslie Groves and Irene Guijt address some of the most common forms of resistance to increasing levels of participation in evaluation.

    Still hesitating about whether to increase stakeholder participation in your evaluation? Here is some myth busting that might just help.

    Strategic Evaluation Blog Knowledge Translation Article

    What is Evaluation, Really?

    Over the years, people have approached us with wonderings about what really counts as evaluation. For example, people have asked, “Is evaluation the same as research?” “What’s the difference between performance measurement and evaluation?” “Is assessment the same as evaluation?” “What is the difference between a process evaluation and outcome evaluation?”  We acknowledge that the field of evaluation (and related disciplines) has unleashed a torrent of definitions and concepts that have, unfortunately, created significant confusion over just what evaluation is and its value to strategic and programmatic decision making.

    Survey design - Knowledgebase and support blog Research Skills Tool

    Surveys take many different forms and styles. On one extreme there are Face-to-face Interviews when the researcher asks questions individually of each subject or respondent who answers verbally. At the other extreme is the Electronic Questionnaire when all the instructions and questions are on-line and the respondent replies on-line. In the middle we have Telephone Interviews, Group administered and Postal Questionnaires.

    Survey Design Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    Use this tutorial to master the concepts of survey design

    This tutorial will teach you how to design a survey. You'll learn the latest survey research techniques...what works and what doesn't. You'll discover the secrets used to maximize survey response rates, and how to design a questionnaire that gets at the true opinions of your sample. The tutorial is packed with information! It tells everything you need to begin writing your own market research surveys right now.

    Systematic Literature Review: What you Need to Know Research Skills Guide

    Webinar Series: Leveraging Data to Make Better Decisions - Part 2 

    Systematic Reviews Research Skills Online course

    This series of tutorials cover the fundamental concepts and general procedure of searching the health science literature in a systematic manner. They will mainly focus on systematic searches required by a "systematic review". The goal of these tutorials is to ensure that your search is comprehensive, methodical, transparent and reproducible, so that your conclusions are as unbiased and closer to truth as possible. This first video of the series introduces the concept of "systematic review" and makes a rough comparison between a search done for a systematic review and an ordinary literature search.

    Tapping into personal networks to share research and improve evidence uptake Knowledge Translation Article

    As an occupational therapist providing services on return-to-work issues to employers, Gabriele Wright strives as much as possible to base her processes and recommendations on research evidence. That’s why she values her involvement in the Institute for Work & Health (IWH)’s Educationally Influential Network for Occupational Therapists.

    Once a year, the network gets together to hear IWH research teams present findings and share lessons learned from their projects. Network members are then asked for their perspectives as practitioners on a range of issues—from how to convey study results to what research questions should be explored in future work. 

    TCPS 2—2nd edition of Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans Research Skills Article

    The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS or the Policy) is a joint policy of Canada’s three federal research agencies – the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), or “the Agencies.”

    This Policy expresses the Agencies’ continuing commitment to the people of Canada to promote the ethical conduct of research involving humans. It has been informed, in part, by leading international ethics norms, all of which may help, in some measure, to guide Canadian researchers, in Canada and abroad, in the conduct of research involving humans.

    This edition represents the first substantive change to the Policy since its adoption in 1998. It is a major revision, reflecting over a decade of experience in the application of the Policy by the research community to existing and emerging ethical issues and new areas of research. It also distils the experience of the Interagency Advisory Panel on Research Ethics (PRE or the Panel), which was created in 2001 primarily to steward the evolution and interpretation of this Policy, and to provide the Agencies with independent advice on issues related to the ethics of research involving humans. This edition, which replaces the original TCPS, draws on the advice provided to the Panel by its working groups and committees. As well, it reflects the significant and valuable input from the research community and all those who provided feedback on the drafts that the Panel circulated publicly in December 2008 and December 2009.

    Ten Proposal Writing Essentials Research Skills Article

    Consider the "Friday Evening Scenario": the research proposal evaluator is on his/her desk, it's Friday evening and the pile of proposals is huge. Read what makes a proposal readable, how to grab and keep the reviewers attention and how to increase your chances of getting funded.

    Ten Simple Rules for a Good Poster Presentation Research Skills Tool

    Posters are a key component of communicating your science and an important element in a successful scientific career. Posters, while delivering the same high-quality science, offer a different medium from either oral presentations [1] or published papers [2], and should be treated accordingly. Posters should be considered a snapshot of your work intended to engage colleagues in a dialog about the work, or, if you are not present, to be a summary that will encourage the reader to want to learn more. Many a lifelong collaboration [3] has begun in front of a poster board. Here are ten simple rules for maximizing the return on the time-consuming process of preparing and presenting an effective poster.

    Ten Simple Rules for Effective Online Outreach Knowledge Translation Article

    Online science outreach is paradoxically both easy and difficult. While anyone can start a blog and post updates to Twitter, it can be extremely challenging to establish a long-term following and demonstrate solid measures of success. A daunting number of online tools and platforms exist, and choosing where to start can be a difficult task in itself (for an explanation and guide to online tools, see [1]). As practicing scientists who have contributed to the highly visited marine science blog Deep-Sea News (DSN) for up to nine years, we provide guidance on how scientists, who often have minimal excess time and more pressing priorities, can maximally utilize new media tools. Here, we describe ten rules for conducting effective online outreach, so that other scientists can also enjoy the advantages of disseminating their knowledge and expertise through social media.

    Ten Simple Rules for Making Good Oral Presentations Knowledge Translation Tool

    Continuing our “Ten Simple Rules” series [1–5], we consider here what it takes to make a good oral presentation. While the rules apply broadly across disciplines, they are certainly important from the perspective of this readership. Clear and logical delivery of your ideas and scientific results is an important component of a successful scientific career. Presentations encourage broader dissemination of your work and highlight work that may not receive attention in written form.

    Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review Research Skills Tool

    Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields. Their need stems from the ever-increasing output of scientific publications [1]. For example, compared to 1991, in 2008 three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in Web of Science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively [2]. Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests [3]. Thus, it is both advantageous and necessary to rely on regular summaries of the recent literature. Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read [4]. For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way [5].

    Ten Steps to Better Web Research Research Skills Guide

    Dozens of studies conducted over the past decade has shown that most students cannot effectively find information online, evaluate it, and put it to use. Furthermore, recent studies show that many educators, overburdened by standardized testing, have not fully developed their own web research skills. Researchers now warn of a new digital divide, between students who do receive effective web research training and those who do not.

    Dulcinea Media, Inc. today announced that it is publishing Teaching Web Research Skills, a research-based, multimedia e-book that teaches educators how to teach students to conduct research on the Web effectively.

    Terminology in Canada: Foundation through Implementation Knowledge Translation Online course

    Course Summary
    Ideal for those involved in planning or implementing technology in health care and who want to better understand terminologies. This course covers foundational concepts for pan-Canadian reference terminologies like LOINC, SNOMED CT and UCUM. Learn strategies and lessons learned during implementation, and how to handle business processes such as change management and mapping.

    Course Features:

    • Six online modules with recorded presentations that can be viewed at your own leisure (Approximately 3.5 hours in total)
    • Presentation material and other helpful resources for ongoing reference
    • Online quizzes
    • Subject matter experts to answer course questions
    Testing Treatments interactive Evidence-based Practice Tool

    Welcome to Testing Treatments interactive

    • How do you know whether one treatment is better than another, or whether the evidence about a treatment’s benefits and harms is reliable?
    • Does current research address what you want to know? If not, what can you do to make treatment research more relevant to you?

    Testing Treatments interactive (TTi) is for patients, health professionals and anyone else who is interested in these questions.

    It will help you to understand the importance of having fair tests of the effects of treatments, and how you can help make them a reality.

    And if you tell us what you think via our User Survey, you might win a signed copy of the Second Edition of Testing Treatments.

    The Art of Writing a CIHR Application Research Skills Tool

    Summaries of Application-Writing Tips

    The following tips and insights are intended to assist applicants in writing a successful CIHR application, from the planning stages through writing and finalization.

    Empower Yourself: Be Prepared!

    • Assess your Readiness to Apply
    • Review the Funding Opportunity for Critical Information
    • Don’t Wait Until the Last Minute

    Application Content: Success is in the Details

    • Read the Instructions Carefully (and be prepared to follow them exactly!)
    • Address the Evaluation Criteria
    • Substantiate your Claims
    • Include Gender and Sex in your Research Design (when appropriate)
    • Justify your Team Composition
    • Address your Project’s Limitations
    • Justify your Budget Request
    • Address Previous Reviews with Respect

    Writing and Finalizing

    • Engage your Audience: Write with the Reviewer in Mind
    • Summaries are More Important than you Might Think
    • Have your Application Pre-Reviewed
    The Art of Writing Proposals Research Skills Tool

    Writing proposals for research funding is a peculiar facet of North American academic culture, and as with all things cultural, its attributes rise only partly into public consciousness. A proposal's overt function is to persuade a committee of scholars that the project shines with the three kinds of merit all disciplines value, namely, conceptual innovation, methodological rigor, and rich, substantive content. But to make these points stick, a proposal writer needs a feel for the unspoken customs, norms, and needs that govern the selection process itself. These are not really as arcane or ritualistic as one might suspect. For the most part, these customs arise from the committee's efforts to deal in good faith with its own problems: incomprehension among disciplines, work overload, and the problem of equitably judging proposals that reflect unlike social and academic circumstances.

    The Basics of Academic Writing Knowledge Translation Tool


    • Facing Fear and Puncturing Procrastination-Don't Know How to Start?
    • The Basics of Academic Writing
    • Principles of Organization
    • Overcoming Grammatical Errors and Punctuation Problems
    • Knocking the Research Topic Down to Size
    • Learning the Language of the Literature Review
    • Perfecting your Presentation for Class or Conference
    • Writing a Master's Thesis or Dissertation Proposal
    • Designing a Workable Plan for Your Thesis or Dissertation
    • Academic Writing: Balancing Objectivity and Persuasion
    • Reporting Your Own Research: Principles and Practice
    • The Ins and Outs of Revising
    • Tackling the Take-Home (or In-Class) Exam
    • About Footnote Formats and Bibliographies
    The Essay: A Primer Professional Development

    PowerPoint presentation on writing academic essays.

    The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project Research Skills Website

    Welcome to the companion website for The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project by Zina O'Leary.

    In this website you will find information for students and lecturers to help you use the book and get the most from your own research project or that of your students.

    This website contains:

    • Video blogs from the author herself offering insights and key tips into the research project process.
    • Chapter-by-chapter powerpoint slides to aid teaching and revision.
    • Lists of further reading to help you find out more about the research process and locate examples of research in action.
    • Timelines that summarise the typical unfolding of a research project.

    The focus group as a tool for health research: issues in design and analysis Research Skills Article

    The focus group is a technique for eliciting information from specific population subgroups.
    Issues addressed may be little known or relatively well known to the researcher. The method is most effectively used when the objective of the investigation is to elicit points of view of client or consumer groups which may differ from those of providers. Despite the frequency with which focus groups are used, few published materials describe the practical application of the method.

    This paper presents a detailed methodology for the conduct of focus groups and analysis of focus group data with the intention of improving its use among researchers and health-care professionals. Data from two studies, immunization compliance in West Africa, and barriers to use of prenatal-care services in Bolivia, are used as illustrative examples.

    The importance of meta-analysis and systematic review: How research legacy can be maximized through adequate reporting Knowledge Translation Article

    Systematic reviews are widely accepted as a ‘gold standard’ in evidence synthesis and the meta-analysis within provides a powerful means of looking across datasets. Neal Haddaway argues that while certain fields have embraced these reviews, there is a great opportunity for their growth in other fields. One way to encourage secondary synthesis is for researchers to ensure their data is reported in sufficient detail. Thinking carefully about legacy and future use of data is not only sensible, but should be an obligation.

    The Joy of Stats Research Skills Website

    A one-hour documentary broadcast by BBC, where Hans Rosling says there’s nothing boring about stats, and then goes on to prove it. 

    The Knowledge Mobilization Toolkit: Doing more with what you know Knowledge Translation Article

    When we say knowledge mobilization, what do we really mean? Knowledge and evidence can often get lost in a sea of jargon. Is it knowledge exchange, knowledge translation, integrated knowledge translation, knowledge mobilization? The terms can often slow us down and get in our way.

    The Ontario Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth Mental Health is excited to announce the launch of our latest online toolkit, The Knowledge Mobilization Toolkit: Doing more with what you know. Designed for child and youth mental health agencies in Ontario, this toolkit is a practical guide to sharing knowledge in your community and beyond. It combines the best available evidence with real-world examples to help you share what you know and put that knowledge into action. And most importantly, it de-mystifies all those complicated terms and helps support you in doing what matters most: making evidence accessible, understandable and useful for knowledge users.

    The Literature Review: A Few Tips On Conducting It Research Skills Tool

    What is a review of the literature?

    A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries

    The Logic Model – A Useful Tool or a Waste of Time? Program Evaluation Tool

    If you have ever asked evaluators or performance measurement professionals about logic models, you might have gotten the sense that they believe logic models to be the best thing to happen to the world since sliced bread. In fact, I wouldn’t be surprised if you came away from that conversation thinking that logic models are the reason sliced bread was invented in the first place!!

    Just imagine a baker, a knife-maker, and a frazzled parent sitting around a table with a whiteboard, post-it notes, and a bowl of carrots, coming to consensus on their shared vision of the world and creating this logic model together:

    The Model for Improvement: Your Engine for Change Quality Improvement Tool

    This course will teach you how to use the Model for Improvement to improve everything from your tennis game to your hospital’s infection rate. You’ll learn the basic steps in any improvement project: setting an aim, forming a team, selecting measures, developing ideas for changes, testing changes using Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, and measuring to determine if the changes you are testing are leading to improvement.

    The nature of evidence resources and knowledge translation for health promotion practitioners Research Skills Article

    Key Messages
    • Lack of time, research interpretation skills and patience for jargon stops practitioners from putting research into practice in their daily work.
    • Before putting research into use in their own practice, practitioners would ideally like to see pilot tests of new approaches that are straightforward and affordable to emulate.
    • Health promotion stakeholders suggest a central agency, such as a government health department, should become the main resource to fund, collect, summarize and promote promising research findings in a format that appeals to practitioners.

    The Number-Needed-to-Treat Explained Research Skills Article

    There is a way of understanding how much modern medicine has to offer individual patients. It is a simple statistical concept called the “Number-Needed-to-Treat”, or for short the ‘NNT’. The NNT offers a measurement of the impact of a medicine or therapy by estimating the number of patients that need to be treated in order to have an impact on one person. The concept is statistical, but intuitive, for we know that not everyone is helped by a medicine or intervention — some benefit, some are harmed, and some are unaffected. The NNT tells us how many of each.

    The NVivo Toolkit Research Skills Tool

    By applying the steps set out in this toolkit to your own research, you’ll be able to clearly demonstrate rigor in your data analysis to a level required in a higher degree study

    The Pitfalls and Promise of Focus Groups as a Data Collection Method Research Skills Article

    Abstract: Despite their long trajectory in the social sciences, few systematic works analyze how often and  for what purposes focus groups appear in published works. This paper fills this gap by undertaking a meta-analysis of focus group use over the last ten years. It provides three contributions to our understanding of when and why focus groups are used in the social sciences. First, the paper finds that there are few established norms regarding how researchers present their focus group data in articles. Second, it identifies three types of data that focus groups generate and uncovers remarkable affinities between how focus groups are used and the kinds of data that are drawn from them. Finally, it uses these affinities to establish a set of guidelines that future focus group practitioners can adopt. These guidelines foment research transparency – a goal that qualitative methods in general have struggled to achieve.

    The Research Interview Research Skills Article

    There are six videos in this playlist from a lecture by Graham R Gibbs on doing a research interview.

    The Review of Literature: What It Is and What It Does Knowledge Translation Article

    This blog series will help you write one of the essential and yet, for many, the most difficult piece of the academic writing project. With each entry of this blog series, you will better understand what a literature review is, what it does, and how to go about doing it.

    Purpose of a Literature Review

    In scholarly writing, the new ideas you present need to rest on your assessment of the previous and current literature on your topic. At its most basic, a literature review provides your readers with an overview of the ideas, theories, and significant literature currently published on your topic.

    Your task in writing the literature review is not simply to summarize the prior research but to critically review the research related to your topic then present your own perspective on the research in your field as a means for establishing your credibility as a scholar.

    The right tool for the job: Five collaborative writing tools for academics Research Skills Tool

    Research collaboration now involves significant online communication. But sending files back and forth between collaborators creates redundancy of effort, causes unnecessary delays and, many times, leaves people frustrated with the whole idea of collaboration. Luckily, there are many web-based collaborative writing tools aimed at the general public or specifically at academic writers to help. Christof Schöch looks at the different tools out there and presents some helpful tips on finding the right tool for the job.

    The TCPS 2 Tutorial Course on Research Ethics (CORE) Research Skills Online course

    CORE provides an applied approach to the guidance provided in TCPS 2. This self-paced course is a media-rich learning experience that features interactive exercises and multi-disciplinary examples. CORE consists of eight modules ranging from Core Principles to REB Review. It is designed primarily for the use of researchers and REB members – though anyone may take this course and print their own certificate of completion.

    The top 5 innovations in knowledge translation Knowledge Translation Article

    In this post, regular guest blogger Jay Shaw looks at 5 key innovations that are bringing the practice of knowledge translation into the future.

    The Unknown Unknowns: Crowdsourcing Research Through Social Media Evidence-based Practice Resource

    When I was asked to give a talk at the recent Cochrane UK and Ireland Symposium, I turned as I so often do, to my online community of patient experts. For whom better to guide me to the heart of the subject matter of my presentation – making research more accessible, understandable, and prioritized to patient needs – than those patients themselves. With the support of Colleen Young, founder of #HCSMCA – a weekly health-related Twitter chat whose participants span a diverse range from patients, to researchers, to healthcare professionals – I moderated a tweet chat which explored the issues that are most important to patients and those who care for them.

    Patients must be involved in research. We don’t know what we don’t know
    Assumptions are made every day about patients – assumptions which may lead to a failure to deliver optimum care. When these assumptions extend to research, quite often there is a mismatch between the questions that patients and their doctors want answers to – and the ones that researchers are investigating. As an example, the research priorities of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and the clinicians looking after them, were shown in a study 1 to favour more rigorous evaluation of physiotherapy and surgery, and assessment of educational and coping strategies. Only 9% of patients wanted more research on drugs, yet over 80% of randomised controlled trials in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee were drug evaluations.

    Theorists Can Have Great Slides Too Knowledge Translation Article

    I have the coolest gigs. Every year I get to work with the Eleanor Chelimsky Forum keynote speaker to develop a slidedeck that rocks the house. This year, the keynote speaker was Abe Wandersman. I’d seen Abe present in the past and… let’s just say I knew I would be in for some hard work. Smart guy, helpful info, subpar slides.


    Thesis Formatting Research Skills Guide

    Need help with formatting your thesis? The Research Commons, located on floor 2 of Koerner Library, provides a thesis template and guides plus support via appointment or in our weekly workshops to help make this process easier for you.

    Want to make an appointment? Follow the instructions under the "Consultations" tab on the main Research Commons page. Please note: In-person thesis formatting help is only available at certain times during the week (i.e., the times indicated in our consultations calendar). You can also contact us by email at research.commons@ubc.ca.

    Things to Consider when Reading Medical Research Research Skills Article

    How often do you see a news story announcing some sort of new scientific discovery and think, 'how can they have proved that it can't be true?'. This entry attempts to explain some things you should think about before deciding whether to believe a new medical discovery.

    Thinking Like a Nurse: A Research-Based Model of Clinical Judgment in Nursing Knowledge Translation Article

    This article reviews the growing body of research on clinical judgment in nursing and presents an alternative model of clinical judgment based on these studies. Based on a review of nearly 200 studies, five conclusions can be drawn: (1) Clinical judgments are more influenced by what nurses bring to the situation than the objective data about the situation at hand; (2) Sound clinical judgment
    rests to some degree on knowing the patient and his or her typical pattern of responses, as well as an engagement with the patient and his or her concerns; (3) Clinical judgments are influenced by the context in which the situation occurs and the culture of the nursing care unit; (4) Nurses use a variety of reasoning patterns alone or in combination; and (5) Reflection on practice is often triggered by a
    breakdown in clinical judgment and is critical for the development of clinical knowledge and improvement in clinical reasoning. A model based on these general conclusions emphasizes the role of nurses’ background, the context of the situation, and nurses’ relationship with their patients
    as central to what nurses notice and how they interpret findings, respond, and reflect on their response.

    Three cool tools for researchers Knowledge Translation Tool

    With so many online programs, apps and other tools available, and new ones being created everyday, it can be impossible to choose what to use or even to know what’s available. I thought it would be a good opportunity to walk you through three online tools that I am using frequently. There are many that I use, but these three I will show you are the most popular and are relevant to knowledge translation and researchers.

    Tips for Reading Scientific Research Reports Research Skills Article

    Not all science or research is created equal. Some research is likely to hold more weight than other research. Researchers and academics often recognize quality research readily, while others — even other professionals such as doctors and clinicians — may struggle with understanding the value of any given journal article.

    The intent of this article is to provide some basic tips on reading research reports. I will assume you already have at a least a basic understanding of different methods and statistical procedures used in analyzing research data. (In order to maximize the benefits of reading a research report it is important to have at least a basic understanding of research methods and statistics.)

    Tips on Applying for Scholarships & Fellowships Research Skills Article

    OUTLINE -------------------


    1. Top Tips (Dr. Allison Morehead)
    2. Backgrounder: OGS, SSHRC and CIHR
    3. Common Errors
    4. Grantsmanship – what’s important

  • Tools for Knowledge Mobilization Research Skills Article

    Creating Research Summaries

    This KMb Tool Kit describes the process undertaken to develop clear language research summaries.

    Using a common template, research summaries were developed by the KMb Unit at York University to capture the results and impacts of research. These summaries communicate the key messages of research findings in a simple and effective format. Summaries were written by York students and staff trained in clear language writing and design principles, and were approved by the researchers. Approved summaries were then posted onto www.researchimpact.ca into a searchable database.

    Tools to support evidence-informed decision making Evidence-based Practice Tool

    These tools are intended to:

    • Help you use research evidence in decision making
    • Help public health organizations document and share lessons learned
    • Be modified and adapted for use in your health unit

    These tools were developed and field tested in collaboration with Canadian public health units.

    Downloadable versions of the tools are available by clicking on the link(s) 'Download this tool'. You are welcome to adapt these tools for use in your health unit. Please acknowledge health-evidence.ca for developing the original version of any tool(s) that you adapt. You will find how to cite the tool at the bottom of each document.

    Top Tips for doing your literature review! Professional Development

    Many undergraduates and qualified nurses who have returned to study do a literature review as the final part of their degree. Helen Aveyard’s advice will ease the process and make it more enjoyable

    Transcription in Qualitative Research Research Skills Article

    Extracts from a lecture by Graham R Gibbs about the issues surrounding transcribing qualitative data such as interviews and a discussion of different ways to transcribe.

    Trap of trends to statistical significance: likelihood of near significant P value becoming more significant with extra data Research Skills Article

    When faced with a P value that has failed to reach some specific threshold (generally P<0.05), authors of scientific articles may imply a “trend towards statistical significance” or otherwise suggest that the failure to achieve statistical significance was due to insufficient data. This paper presents a quantitative analysis to show that such descriptions give a misleading impression and undermine the principle of accurate reporting.

    Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans - Course on Research Ethics Tutorial Research Skills Online course

    CORE provides an applied approach to the guidance provided in TCPS 2. This self-paced course is a media-rich learning experience that features interactive exercises and multi-disciplinary examples. CORE consists of eight modules ranging from Core Principles to REB Review. It is designed primarily for the use of researchers and REB members – though anyone may take this course and print their own certificate of completion.

    Tutorial: Demystifying citing and referencing Research Skills Online course

    This tutorial is designed to help you learn the principles of citing and referencing, and understand how to avoid plagiarising when integrating source material. This tutorial will take you approximately 20 minutes to complete.

    The information and activities in this tutorial are designed to introduce you to the “what, why and how” of acknowledging your sources. The tutorial is not intended to teach you how to use specific referencing styles, or to imply that any given style should be adopted. Always use the referencing style recommended by your own department – and if unsure, ask your lecturer. Throughout the tutorial author-date examples are given in APA style and footnote examples are given in Chicago style.

    Tutorial: Searching the CINAHL Database Research Skills Online course

    CINAHL is the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature database. This database provides authoritative coverage of the journal literature related to nursing and allied health, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, physician assistant, and other fields. Indexing is also provided for healthcare books (including the publications of the American Nurses Association and the National League for Nursing), nursing dissertations, selected conference proceedings, standards of professional practice, educational software, and audiovisual materials, along with selected journals in the areas of consumer health, biomedicine, and health sciences librarianship.

    Twitter fro Hesitant Researchers Knowledge Translation Article

    So your New Year’s resolution is to: A) stay more connected with your academic peers; B) get a better understanding of the conversations going on in your area of health research; and/or C) help influence evidence-based health policy change. Why not try Twitter on for size?

    I know, I know, you’re busy, you don’t have time to be Tweeting and Hashtaging and the like (by the way, what the heck is a hashtag?!!). But there are a lot of PROS for researchers when it comes to openly embracing the world of Twitter, including the opportunity to: connect with leaders in your field; engage with knowledge users (whether researchers, health care practitioners, health care consumers, or health policy makers); and building a scholarly network both quickly and dynamically. And did you know that research has shown that highly tweeted articles are 11 times more likely to be cited than less-tweeted articles? C’mon now, what are you waiting for?

    Understanding and critiquing qualitative research papers Research Skills Article

    The first article in this series on understanding research (Lee, 2006a) examined the basic terminology used by researchers and identified that qualitative research produced non-numerical (qualitative) data. This type of research aims to report a situation as it actually is in a natural rather than a laboratory setting.

    Qualitative researchers justify this approach by suggesting that it is not possible to separate the context or setting in which the phenomenon occurs from the phenomenon itself

    Understanding and Measuring Outcomes: the role of qualitative data Research Skills Article

    This guide was developed to support individuals and organisations collecting and using, or planning to collect and use, personal outcomes data. Personal outcomes data refers to information gathered from people supported by health and social services and their unpaid carers about what’s important to them in their lives and the ways in which they would like to be supported. An outcomes-focused approach
    represents a shift in the way services are designed and delivered by putting the person at the centre of the support they receive. The approach calls for a focus on gathering, using and integrating qualitative (eg narrative, personal stories) as well as quantitative (eg numbers, statistics) data which can be challenging.  

    Understanding Research Evidence Evidence-based Practice Resource

    Video Series:

    How to Calculate an Odds Ratio - 5:47

    Understanding a Confidence Interval - 5:13

    Forest Plots: Understanding a Meta-Analysis in 5 Minutes or Less - 5:31

    The Importance of Clinical Significance - 3:34

    Understanding Research Evidence Evidence-based Practice Resource

    Understanding and interpreting research evidence is an important part of practicing evidence-informed public health. You need to understand some basic concepts. This series of short videos explains some important terms that you are likely to encounter when looking at research evidence.

    Series of brief Webcasts

    Understanding Statistics Research Skills Website

    Knowing how to understand and use statistics is vital for informed decision-making. This is why the ABS is committed to increasing the level of statistical literacy in the community. This section contains a variety of tools and resources to assist you to understand, interpret and evaluate statistical information.

    Understanding the Latest Research Findings: How to Be a Critical Interpreter of Health Information Knowledge Translation Article

    We come across lots of health-related research findings reported in the news these days. Frankly, some of it is perplexing.

    You may have heard the CDC’s recent recommendations that any young woman not on birth control should refrain from consuming alcohol. Perhaps you also saw some of the outraged reactions from social commentators.

    Maybe you read about the classic psychology studies that weren’t replicated in recent research. Or the range of rumors flying around about Zika virus. And are you still hearing rumors online or from peers suggesting childhood vaccinations aren’t safe?

    How does an informed reader sift through this constant stream of health information? When we are puzzled ourselves, how can health providers and educators support patients and clients trying to make sense of conflicting or suspect reports? What references can we trust when we endeavor to inform ourselves or support and guide others? 

    Universal Design Checklist for Evaluators Program Evaluation Tool

    The purpose of this checklist is to provide support for program evaluators who design, develop, implement, and disseminate evaluations. This checklist is designed to assist you in including people of all ages and abilities in your evaluation process. It was adapted from the seven principles of Universal Design developed by North Carolina State University, The Center for Universal Design (http://www.ncsu.edu/www/ncsu/design/sod5/cud/index.htm).

    University of Alberta: How to Design a Research Poster to Engage & Communicate Research Skills Article

    Department of Art & Design:

    Plan, create and produce a poster to enage the viewer and communicate your knowledge
    and passion about your research

    • consider visual conventions of your field/discipline, but also consider viewer’s needs
    • consider graphic design principles
    University of New South Wales: Getting Started on your Literature Review Research Skills Website

    A General Guide for Postgraduate Research Students

    There is no one single correct method to writing a literature review. Therefore, this resource is a guide only. Check with your supervisor/lecturer/school to ascertain whether there are any specific requirements for your literature review before proceeding.

    What is a Literature Review?

    A literature review is an examination of the research that has been conducted in a particular field of study. Hart (1998) defines it as:

    • The selection of available documents (both published and unpublished) on the topic, which contain information, ideas, data and evidence. [This selection is] written from a particular standpoint to fulfil certain aims or express certain views on the nature of the topic and how it is to be investigated, and
    • The effective evaluation of these documents in relation to the research being proposed (p. 13).

    What is the Purpose of a Literature Review?

    • To demonstrate your scholarly ability to identify relevant information and to outline existing knowledge.
    • To identify the 'gap' in the research that your study is attempting to address, positioning your work in the context of previous research and creating a 'research space' for your work.
    • To evaluate and synthesise the information in line with the concepts that you have set yourself for the research.
    • To produce a rationale or justification for your study.
    Using Evidence Based Nursing in Practice Evidence-based Practice Tool

    The purpose of the EBN process is to help you as a professional make informed decisions by learning from what others in your field are researching and learning. Using these set steps makes it easier to apply current quality evidence from research in clinical and healthcare decisions.

    This website and the resources listed will help to guide you through the 5 steps of the EBN process.

    Using Excel for Qualitative Data Analysis Research Skills Tool

    Other researchers tell me I should patent my method for analyzing qualitative data. It’s simple to set up, easy to use, and allows one to manage a moderate amount of data (up to 10 focus groups) in one file. With a basic working knowledge of Excel, you can do it too.

    I’ve been using an Excel spreadsheet to organize focus group and interview data for analysis for several years. It’s a nice compromise between the manual “cut-and-paste” method and commercial software like Atlas or NUD*IST.

    To be clear, no system—Atlas, NUD*IST, or Excel—can analyze the data for you, no matter how expensive or sophisticated it is. It takes a human brain to do that. But, unless you’re conducting a large, multiple investigator research study that produces a ton of data, Excel does a fine job of organizing nonnumerical data for analysis.

    Using Excel in data analysis Research Skills Online course

    This resource has been authored by David Whigham, Senior Lecturer in Economics at Glasgow Caledonian University.

    The workbooks contain instructions and practical examples to help you make the most of using Excel in data analysis.

    Excel 1: Basic Excel Techniques
    Excel 2: Descriptive Statistics
    Excel 3: Contingency Tables (Cross Tabulation)
    Excel 4: Charting and Regression
    Excel 5: Inference (Statistical Significance)

    Using Focus Groups Research Skills Article

    Webinar presentation slides - The Open University - by Rosaline S Barbour

    Using Google Scholar and other Google resources for education Research Skills Article

    Learn how to use Google Scholar, your gateway to scholarly articles in peer-reviewed journals, patents, court opinions, etc.

    Using Microsoft Word 2010′s References Feature (for Students) Research Skills Online course

    Writing essays can be a very daunting task. Brainstorming, drafting, researching, and referencing can sometime be unmanageable. Microsoft Word 2010′s reference function is a good productivity tool to manage citations and bibliography.

    In this article we will show you how to create a reference list using Word 2010. We will also show you how to share you reference with your peers and how to create your own customized reference style.

    Using NVivo for qualitative research Research Skills Tool

    Qualitative researchers are interested in evaluating, interpreting and explaining social phenomena. They analyze unstructured or semi-structured data like interviews, surveys, field notes, web pages, audio visual material and journal articles—and they work in a range of sectors; from social science and education to healthcare and business.

    Researchers usually adopt a qualitative methodology to suit their research question.  For example, a social scientist wanting to develop new concepts or theories may take a ‘grounded theory’ approach. A researcher looking for ways to improve health policy or program design might use ‘evaluation methods’. NVivo doesn’t favor a particular methodology—it’s designed to facilitate common qualitative techniques no matter what method you use.

    Remember that NVivo can help you to manage, explore and find patterns in your data but it cannot replace your analytical expertise.

    Using Qualitative Methods in Healthcare Research Research Skills Website

    The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has sponsored the Qualitative Research Guidelines Project to develop a website that will be useful for people developing, evaluating and engaging in qualitative research projects in healthcare settings. 

    Using Rapid-Cycle Research to Reach Goals: Awareness, Assessment, Adaptation, Acceleration Research Skills Guide

    This document is designed as a practical guide to the uses of and methods for conducting rapid-cycle research. It was developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Practice-Based Research Network (PBRN) Resource Center to:

    • address a demand of researchers and implementers, including the primary care PBRN community to describe the process of identifying opportunities to pursue rapid-cycle research, and
    • provide in-depth exploration of some methodologies of interest. 
    Using Social Media for Research: Tips, Strategies and Opportunities Research Skills Article

    On November 15, 2013, my colleague Jackie Bender and I examined how social media can be effectively used at all stages of research, including integrated knowledge translation, determining the research question, developing the study design, analyzing data and disseminating and mobilizing knowledge.

    We offer tips, strategies and opportunities and examples from our respective experiences as a researcher and online community manager.  

    Using the Library to Do Health and Medical Research Research Skills Article

    Brief overview in using libraries for health research.

    Videos as Knowledge Translation products Knowledge Translation Article

    Videos are becoming a popular way to communicate information, especially research findings. But, not all videos can be considered “KT”. NeuroDevNet’s KT Core has produced several videos: common characteristics of that make them “KT videos” include:

    1. The researcher(s) talking about their research (findings) and intended or actual impact(s)
    2. The voices of partner(s) and/or participants and/or receptors who provide testimonials about the uptake, implementation and/or impact(s) of either i) participating in the research, or ii) new knowledge derived from the research
    3. References on-screen (where available and appropriate) of peer-reviewed publications from the research
    4. An overall narrative or ‘story’ that is knowledge-translation based, for example: explaining a technology that is under research and development (e.g. Exergame), research findings (such as gains in school performance as a result of using Caribbean Quest game), describing a process for maximizing the uptake of research into policy/practice (e.g. Jonathan Weiss’ annual stakeholder consultation events to inform his research). It is not a training video for the purpose of instructing trainees on how to conduct experiments.
    Visual Communication with a Poster Knowledge Translation Article

    Hello, we are William Faulkner (i2i Institute) and João Martinho (PlanPP), writing here on our own poster design process, which apparently worked well enough to impress some of the judges at AEA 2014. We were guided by a simple principle: understand what the target audience considers relevant and where this overlaps with that which we desire to communicate.

    vlookup: One Excel Function to Rule them all Research Skills Tool

    Vlookup is for merging and combining datasets, like when you’ve got program participants’ demographic data in one place and their scores or outcomes in another place. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve watched researchers and evaluators waste hours of their time by trying to merge these spreadsheets manually (e.g., by copying and pasting back and forth). You’ve got better things to do with your time, don’t you? Vlookup to the rescue!

    Want an impact? Tell a good story Knowledge Translation Article

    We’re yet to find a truly effective way of explaining the often complex and unpredictable routes by which research activity leads to real-world change. I wanted to tell you about one of our projects which drew on the traditional power of stories to illustrate the impact of UK development research (and in the process quadrupled the number of visits to our website).

    Webcast: Get Lit: The Literature Review Research Skills Article

    Comment:  This video explained and made clear on how to do a literature review in less than an hour, which took my lecturer an entire semester to do and still was unclear to me. Thanks for the post!

    Webcast:  45 minutes

    Webcast: How to write about quality and get published (improvement science webinar) Research Skills Guide

    Mary Dixon-Woods explores how to write up your research/improvement project for publication. Offering tips on academic writing and structuring papers, she shows how to make your manuscript interesting, engaging, and clear. She also looks at how to target specific journals, and how to respond to referees' 

    Webcast: Introduction to Statistics for the Social Sciences Research Skills Online course

    Kyle T. of Veritas Tutors in Cambridge, MA, discusses the more advanced versions of the basic analysis of variance (AnoVa) and introduces the Factorial AnoVa as the way to test groups with more than one categorial variable. He explains how this test expands upon the basic AnoVA and describes the three different types of Factorial AnoVa that can be conducted.

    Webcast:  6 minutes

    Webcast: Library Research Research Skills Tool

    This video will walk you through the steps of thinking through your research paper before you begin to help save you time in the long run.

    7 minutes

    What about N? A methodological study of sample-size reporting in focus group studies Research Skills Article

    Focus group studies are increasingly published in health related journals, but we know little about how researchers use this method, particularly how they determine the number of focus groups to conduct. The methodological literature commonly advises researchers to follow principles of data saturation, although practical advise on how to do this is lacking. Our objectives were firstly, to describe the current status of sample size in focus group studies reported in health journals. Secondly, to assess whether and how researchers explain the number of focus groups they carry out.

    What are online research methods? Research Skills Online course

    This video is from the 4th ESRC Research Methods Festival (5-8 July 2010, Oxford), organised by the National Centre for Research Methods.

    What are Qualitative Research Ethics? Research Skills Article

    There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade or so in the light of the increasing ethical regulation of social research. Enhancing 'ethical literacy' means encouraging researchers to understand and engage with ethical issues as they emerge throughout the process of research. This book offers a short, succinct and accessible overview of the field. Wiles clearly identifies the key issues that researchers are likely to face, and the everyday ethical dilemmas that researchers encounter in a range of different contexts. The book covers a broad range of methods with clear guidance for researchers on how to identify an approach that fits with their moral and intellectual framework. It explores ethical issues relating to 'traditional' research methods as well as those relating to new and emerging methods and approaches, particularly visual and online methods.

    What are systematic reviews? Evidence-based Practice Resource

    This video explains why systematic reviews are important and how they are done. This includes an explanation of how the effects of interventions are compared in order to provide evidence. 

    What are the main roles for health librarians in the systematic review (SR)? Knowledge Translation Article

    The range of roles available to health librarians in the systematic review has broadened considerably from 2000 to 2014.

    According to Beverley et al (2003), health librarians have assumed key roles in systematic review teams for many years but "...information professionals' [roles] have evolved from simply acting as 'evidence locators' and 'resource providers' to being quality literature filterers, critical appraisers, educators, disseminators and even change managers." Thus the health librarian's role as expert searcher in the SR is widely-recognized, and yet many health librarians are getting involved in formulating research questions, developing exclusion criteria, search strategies, documentation, record keeping, and refining study methodologies (Dudden & Protzko, 2011). Health librarians are viewed as essential to research teams (Janke, 2014), and some have started to become knowledgeable in data management.

    What happens when KT Planning and Project Management worlds collide? Knowledge Translation Article

    The answer: you get a hybrid tool for researchers to use for developing a KT plan with activities that are linked with the elements of a project charter.

    The dictionary defines “hybrid” as: “a thing made by combining two different elements; a mixture.”

    NeuroDevNet’s KT Core recently finalized the creation of a new innovative tool for combining KT Planning with principles from the field of project management. Indeed, it is a ‘mixture’ of elements from both. Someone asked me recently: why did you create the Hybrid KT Planning and Project Management tool (short form: ‘the Hybrid tool’). NeuroDevNet NCE was renewed for another 5 years of funding (Cycle II), and we needed a tool that could be used for any project, that would help us manage KT plans for projects in Cycle II and help keep them on track. We believe that doing this will position us well for applying for Cycle III.

    What impact does open access have on healthcare? Evidence-based Practice Resource

    Access to research evidence is essential for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) health staff to be able to make the best-informed decisions in field programmes. MSF has a central library service, but emailing requests for articles across timezones does not provide quick answers when these are needed. Open access publishing is the best solution to this predicament.

    What is Community Based Research? Research Skills Article

    The term community based research is increasingly being used across a variety of settings. But what does it mean? We at CCBR, together with our partners, have developed the following working definition.

    Community based research is research that strives to be:

    • Community situated -begins with a research topic of practical relevance to the community (as opposed to individual scholars) and is carried out in community settings.
    • Collaborative -community members and researchers equitably share control of the research agenda through active and reciprocal involvement in the research design, implementation and dissemination.
    • Action-oriented -the process and results are useful to community members in making positive social change and to promote social equity.
    What is eResearch? Research Skills Online course

    This video is from the 4th ESRC Research Methods Festival (5-8 July 2010, Oxford), organised by the National Centre for Research Methods

    What is program evaluation? Program Evaluation Website

    Program evaluation is the systematic assessment of the processes and/or outcomes of a program with the intent of furthering its development and improvement.

    What is Program Evaluation? Program Evaluation Tool
    • Program evaluation is the application of evaluation approaches, techniques and knowledge to systematically assess and improve the planning, implementation and effectiveness of programs (Chen, 2005)
    • Evaluation assesses the merit (program’s quality based on performance) or worth (the value a program’s performance has for society) of a program (Scriven, 1967)
    • Program evaluation is a systematic and scientific approach to

      • Plan and document program inputs
      • Plan and assess program activities
      • Identify gaps and challenges
      • Troubleshoot resolutions on an ongoing basis
      • Collect program data
      • Report program outputs 
    What is the Difference between a Response Rate and a Completion Rate? Research Skills Article

    As marketing and public opinion researchers, we throw around terms like response rate and completion rate all the time. If you have been in the online surveying business, you have probably heard both used frequently in articles and research reports and know that the higher the rate’s percentage the better. But what do they really mean? How are they different? Today we are going to look at the true definition of both completion and response rates and how they relate to your online survey’s sample group and statistical accuracy.

    What Makes a Quality Website? Knowledge Translation Article

    The Internet provides everyone with the opportunity to educate themselves and play an active role in their own health care. It is important to be aware that anyone can post on the Internet and the health information and advice posted online is not always credible, accurate, or safe. Be critical about online
    health information to ensure you are well-informed and empowered to work alongside your health provider.

    What Researchers Mean By... Knowledge Translation Article

    Since 2005, the Institute has published a regular column called, "What researchers mean by..." in our newsletter, At Work. The column is designed to help readers better understand what researchers do and the language they use when reporting their findings.

    What researchers mean by....cross-sectional vs. longitudinal studies Research Skills Article

    Study design depends greatly on the nature of the research question. In other words, knowing what kind of information the study should collect is a first step in determining how the study will be carried out (also known as the methodology).

    Let’s say we want to investigate the relationship between daily walking and cholesterol levels in the body. One of the first things we’d have to determine is the type of study that will tell us the most about that relationship. Do we want to compare cholesterol levels among different populations of walkers and non-walkers at the same point in time? Or, do we want to measure cholesterol levels in a single population of daily walkers over an extended period of time?

    What researchers mean by...primary data and secondary data Research Skills Article

    Primary data and secondary data are two types of data, each with pros and cons, each requiring different kinds of skills, resources

    What does each and every research project need to get results? Data – or information – to help answer questions, understand a specific issue or test a hypothesis.

    Researchers in the health and social sciences can obtain their data by getting it directly from the subjects they’re interested in. This data they collect is called primary data. Another type of data that may help researchers is the data that has already been gathered by someone else. This is called secondary data.

    What are the advantages of using these two types of data? Which tends to take longer to process and which is more expensive? This column will help to explain the differences between primary and secondary data.

    What's New in the Canadian Common CV for CIHR Applicants Research Skills Tool

    Review what's new in the Canadian Common CV application for previous CCV users.

    Webcast:  7:20 minutes

    What's the big deal about missing data? Research Skills Guide

    Missing data are ubiquitous in educational research and evaluation. Many times, though, researchers simply ignore their missing data issues or rely on a simplistic technique to fill in missing values. But, is this the best approach for your analysis? In this webinar, you will learn the logic behind missing data analysis in order to make informed decisions about how to proceed with statistical analysis when values are missing. The webinar will introduce you to common techniques for analyzing missing data and will demonstrate how to accomplish multiple imputation of missing values in common statistical software packages.

    Why Academic Writing Stinks and How to Fix it Research Skills Article

    Together with wearing earth tones, driving Priuses, and having a foreign policy, the most conspicuous trait of the American professoriate may be the prose style called academese. An editorial cartoon by Tom
    Toles shows a bearded academic at his desk offering the following explanation of why SAT verbal scores are at an all-time low: “Incomplete implementation of strategized programmatics designated to maximize acquisition of awareness and utilization of communications skills pursuant to standardized review and assessment of languaginal development.”  In a similar vein, Bill Watterson has the 6-year-old Calvin titling his homework assignment “The Dynamics of Interbeing and Monological Imperatives in Dick and Jane: A Study in Psychic Transrelational Gender Modes,” and exclaiming to Hobbes, his tiger companion, “Academia, here I come!”

    Why Case Studies are a bridge to influence: A super-quick guide Knowledge Translation Article

    In this post I look at the power of case studies as a tool for communicating with different audiences and stakeholders.

    The humble case study is often overlooked as a powerful tool for analysis even though it very often forms the backbone of many of the working papers, briefs, summaries and reviews that we encounter in our work. Increasingly practitioners and researchers are being asked to develop case studies that support project evaluation or, as in the case of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 (REF), provide traceable evidence of impact. There are many specific examples of case studies, but at the most basic level, what exactly is the function of a case study?

    The answer to that question will be different for every discipline. Case studies may describe a particularly interesting set of circumstances from which lessons can be learned; they may illustrate a particular theory or conceptual framework by reference to a specific example; or they may be used as a device for teaching purposes and publication of findings. In short, they are a dynamic and versatile means of storytelling for different purposes and audiences.

    Why Full Open Access Matters Knowledge Translation Article

    Scientific authors who pay to publish their articles in an open-access publication should be congratulated for doing so. They also should be aware that they may not be getting full open access from some publications that charge for publication under the “open access” label. Two features define an open-access publication: (1) the published contents are freely accessible through the Internet, and (2) readers are given copyright permission (see Box 1) to republish or reuse the content as they like so long as the author and publisher receive proper attribution [1]. Recently, some publications have begun offering an open-access option that charges for Internet publication without granting readers full reuse rights, such as Springer's Open Choice or Nature's Scientific Reports. These publishers have adopted a business model through which authors pay for immediate publication on the Internet but the publisher nonetheless keeps commercial reuse rights for itself. This is not full open access (see Box 2).

    Why Statistically Significant Studies Aren’t Necessarily Significant Research Skills Article

    Scientific results often defy common sense. Sometimes this is because science deals with phenomena that occur on scales we don’t experience directly, like evolution over billions of years or molecules that span billionths of meters. Even when it comes to things that happen on scales we’re familiar with, scientists often draw counter-intuitive conclusions from subtle patterns in the data. Because these patterns are not obvious, researchers rely on statistics to distinguish the signal from the noise. Without the aid of statistics, it would be difficult to convincingly show that smoking causes cancer, that drugged bees can still find their way home, that hurricanes with female names are deadlier than ones with male names, or that some people have a precognitive sense for porn.

    Why Your Audience Matters in Data Visualization Knowledge Translation Article

    Data visualization requires more than design skills. You need both technical and critical thinking skills to create the best visuals for your audience. It is important to match your visualization to your viewer’s information needs. You should always be asking yourself: “What are they looking for?”

    Winning Combinations: Putting Data and Design Together Research Skills Article

    Helping people find meaning in large, complex datasets is becoming an increasingly important consideration in UX design. While the need may be clear, the steps of transforming unprocessed data into effective visualizations are not always so apparent. Data are of various distinctive types, and different data types lend themselves more naturally to certain kinds of visual representation than to others. In addition, some visualization designs are more effective than others in summarizing and highlighting various characteristics of data. How do you assess and assemble all of the disparate elements in the most informative way? At least for me, the more familiar I become with different data types and their related depictions, the more confident I feel in applying and exploring visualization design ideas.

    Working Together: The Paloma-Wellesley Guide to Participatory Program Evaluation Program Evaluation Tool

    Evaluation and measurement are essential tools to respond to the growing demand for accountability
    and “proof of concept” in the non-profit sector. At the same time, non-profits are embracing the concept
    of evaluation as a tool that increases program effectiveness. In an effort to make evaluation tools more accessible, the Paloma Foundation and Wellesley Institute partnered to develop a participatory program evaluation guide for nonprofit organizations that describes how to undertake a program evaluation using a participatory process. 

    Workplace Violence Prevention for Nurses Health & Safety Tool

    The purpose of this course is to help healthcare workers better understand the scope and nature of violence in the healthcare workplace. Participants will learn how to recognize the key elements of a comprehensive workplace violence prevention program, how organizational systems impact workplace violence, how to apply individual strategies, and develop skills for preventing and responding to workplace violence. Content is derived from content experts and from the OSHA 2004 Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Health Care & Social Service Workers

    Writing a literature review: six steps to get you from start to finish Research Skills Article

    Writing a literature review is often the most daunting part of writing an article, book, thesis, or dissertation. “The literature” seems (and often is) massive. I have found it helpful to be as systematic as possible when completing this gargantuan task.

    Sonja Foss and William Walters* describe an efficient and effective way of writing a literature review. Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an M.A. thesis, or an article or book in any field of study. Below is a  summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review.

    Writing academic papers in plain text with Markdown and Jupyter notebook Research Skills Article


    My new workflow for writing academic papers involves Jupyter Notebook for data analysis and generating the figures, Markdown for writing the paper, and Pandoc for generating the final output. Works great !

    Long version

    As academics, writing is one of our core activity. Writing academic papers is not quite like writing blog posts or tweets. The text is structured, and include figures, lots of maths (usually), and many citations. Everyone has its own workflow, which usually involves Word or LaTex at some point, as well as some reference management solutions. I have been rethinking about my writing workflow recently, and come up with a new solutions solving a number of requirements I have..

    Writing Academic Proposals: Conferences, Articles, and Books Knowledge Translation Tool

    An important part of the work completed in academia is sharing our scholarship with others. This communication takes place when we present at scholarly conferences, publish in peer-reviewed journals, and publish in books. This OWL resource addresses the steps in writing that begin these projects that should, when working correctly, lead to scholarly inquiry and communication benefiting the individual researcher as well as her discipline.

    For samples of conference proposals, article abstracts and proposals, and book proposals, select the Sample Proposals file in the Media box above.

    Writing for an academic journal: 10 tips Research Skills Article

    What seems like common sense isn't common practice, says Rowena Murray who shares her top tips for getting published

    Writing in the Health Sciences: a comprehensive guide Professional Development


    Focus and Scope

    Writing in the Health Sciences: A Comprehensive Guide is based on the unique program of writing instruction conducted by the Health Sciences Writing Centre in the Health Sciences and Social Work Faculties at the University of Toronto, Canada’s largest university.

    The Guide is written for

    • students at universities and colleges who are studying in any discipline within the health professions, from the narrowly biomedical to the broadly sociocultural
    • graduate students who are conducting and reporting on research through thesis writing, conference papers or posters, and publication
    • faculty who are teaching in any Health Sciences and Social Work discipline in a university or college setting
    • health professionals and researchers seeking to improve their professional writing
    Writing Policy Briefs: A Guide to Translating Science and Engaging Stakeholders Knowledge Translation Online course

    Short policy briefs are useful tools for conveying the implications of scientific evidence for policy and practice. Writing effective policy briefs (and issue or research briefs) requires a specific set of communication skills.

    This distance education module is intended to help public health students and practicing professionals to:

    • Understand the basic elements of a policy brief
    • Identify the information needs of different audiences
    • Synthesize data to convey policy implications
    • Craft concise language
    • Organize information effectively
    Writing Scientific Abstracts Presentation Knowledge Translation Tool

    This presentation is designed to acquaint your students with some guidelines for writing scientific abstracts.

    Writing Terms of Reference for an Evaluation: A How-to Guide Program Evaluation Tool

    The terms of reference (ToR) document defines all aspects of how a consultant or a team will conduct an evaluation. It defines the objectives and the scope of the evaluation, outlines the responsibilities of the consultant or team, and provides a clear description of the resources available to conduct the study. Developing an accurate and well specified ToR is a critical step in managing a high-quality evaluation.

    Writing the Literature Review Knowledge Translation Article

    This session will focus on writing approaches to synthesizing the research, including strategies to help organize and evaluate your sources. This webinar addresses the literature review sections of doctoral capstones for PhD, DBA, EdD, DNP, and DIT students, but it is also applicable to any students working on a literature review.

    Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students Research Skills Guide

    Distilling your one central contribution will take some thought. It will cause some pain, because you will start to realize how much you’re going to have to throw out. Once you do it, though, you’re in a much better position to focus the paper on that one contribution, and help readers to get it quickly.

    Your readers are busy and impatient. No reader will ever read the whole thing from start to finish. Readers skim. You have to make it easy for them to skim. Most readers want to know your basic result.

    Your essential ‘how-to’ guide to using Prezi in an academic environment Knowledge Translation Tool

    Presentation boredom can be a significant barrier to academic communication. Ned Potter provides guidance on the strengths and weaknesses of Prezi as a fresh approach to the PowerPoint doldrums. Prezi favours a non-linear format which also allows for more self-guided autonomy for viewers. But Prezi isn’t brilliant for accessibility and the whizzy technology can interfere with what you’re trying to say. Helpful tips are provided on how to get the most out of the interactive features.

    Prezi.com is a zooming presentation tool which offers an alternative to PowerPoint. As it grows in popularity it is being seen more and more often across campuses; presentations created not just by academics and librarians but by students too. The quality of these presentations is variable; when used well Prezi can be a fabulous communication tool, but when used badly it can leave the audience feeling bamboozled, and potentially slightly sea-sick… There’s a lot of academic interest to it, so with that in mind here’s a brief guide.

    Your RFP for Evaluation Services is Terrible - You Can Fix It! Research Skills Guide

    Requests for Proposals for evaluation services are usually terrible. They read like Mad Libs of contract language and evaluation jargon, and almost never provide evaluators seeking to prepare a good proposal with all the information they need to respond. 

    Fortunately, most program evaluations RFPs can be successful with just a few(ish) pieces of information, all of which is already in-house.

    This guide provides step-by-step instructions to prepare an RFP that will yield high-quality proposals and stronger evaluation services for your organization. View our guide (link). 

    ‘First you see, then you know’: Becoming more creative in academic work Research Skills Article

    Across disciplines and projects, there can be pressure for researchers to provide novel insights. But this can be easier said than done. Patrick Dunleavy offers some helpful strategies for innovative and creative thinking. Look beyond your discipline and through forms of science and scholarly communication that are more accessible. And make sure to keep a record (perhaps as a blog?) so you don’t lose these ideas.

    I would like to...